Mass in C major, K. 66 "Dominicus"

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The Missa solemnis in C major, K. 66, is a mass composed by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in 1769.[1] It is scored for SATB soloists, SATB choir, violins I and II, viola, 2 oboes, 2 horns, 2 clarini (high trumpets), 2 trumpets and basso continuo.

Mozart composed the mass for the ordination of Cajetan Hagenauer, son of Lorenz Hagenauer, the Mozarts' landlord and family friend. Cajetan had entered St Peter's Abbey, a Benedictine monastery, whilst the Mozarts were on their grand tour.[2] When he became a priest in 1769, he took the name Pater Dominicus and celebrated his first solemn high mass; this gives the work its nickname, Dominicusmesse or Pater Dominicusmesse.[3] Leopold Mozart conducted the première of the mass to a packed Jesuit Church in Salzburg;[4][5] it is thought that the success of this performance led to Wolfgang's first Italian tour.[6]

Due to its length, the mass is classified as a missa solemnis.[7] It is divided into six movements.

1. "Kyrie" Adagio, C major, common time

—"Kyrie eleison..." Allegro, C major, 3/4

2. "Gloria" Allegro moderato, C major, 3/4

—"Laudamus te..." Andante grazioso, F major, 2/4; soprano/alto duet
—"Gratias agimus tibi..." Adagio, C major, common time
—"Propter magnam gloriam tuam..." Allegro, C major, common time
—"Domine Deus..." Un poco andante, G major, 3/4; tenor solo
—"Qui tollis peccata mundi..." Un poco adagio, G minor, common time
—"Quoniam tu..." Andante ma un poco Allegro, F major, 3/4; soprano solo
—"Cum Sancto Spiritu..." Alla breve, C major, cut common time

3. "Credo" Molto allegro, C major, common time

—"Et incarnatus est..." Adagio, F major, 3/4; soloists
—"Crucifixus..." Adagio, C minor, common time
—"Et resurrexit..." Molto allegro, C major, common time
—"Et in Spiritum Sanctum Dominum..." Andante, G major, 3/4; tenor solo
—"Et in unam sanctam..." Moderato, C major, common time
—"Et vitam venturi saeculi..." Allegro, C major, 3/4

4. "Sanctus" Adagio, C major, common time

—"Pleni sunt coeli et terra..." Allegro, C major, 3/4
—"Hosanna in excelsis..." Moderato, C major, common time

5. "Benedictus" Allegro moderato, G major, common time; soloists

—"Hosanna in excelsis..." Moderato, C major, common time

6. "Agnus Dei" Allegro moderato, C major, common time

—"Dona nobis pacem..." Allegro, C major, 3/8

References[edit]

  1. ^ Melograni, Piero (2007). Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: A Biography. p. 31. 
  2. ^ Einstein, Alfred (1945). Mozart: His Character, His Work. p. 325. 
  3. ^ Kennedy, Michael; Bourne, Joyce, eds. (2004). The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music. p. 204. 
  4. ^ Deutsch, Otto Erich (1966). Mozart: A Documentary Biography. p. 146. 
  5. ^ Halliwell, Ruth (1998). The Mozart Family: Four Lives in a Social Context. p. 142. 
  6. ^ Keefe, Simon P. (2003). The Cambridge Companion to Mozart. p. 120. 
  7. ^ Sadie, Stanley (2006). Mozart: The Early Years 1756–1781. p. 168. 

External links[edit]