Missamma

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This article is about the 1955 Telugu film. For other meanings, see Missamma.
Missamma
Missamma poster.jpg
Film poster
Directed by L. V. Prasad
Written by Pingali Nagendra Rao
Starring N. T. Rama Rao
A. Nageswara Rao
Jamuna
Savitri
S. V. Ranga Rao
Relangi Venkataramaiah
Ramana Reddy
Music by Saluri Rajeswara Rao
Release dates
1955
Country India
Language Telugu

Missamma (English: Miss Madam) is a 1955 Indian Telugu comedy film directed by L. V. Prasad and produced by B. Nagi Reddy and Aluri Chakrapani under the banner Vijaya Vauhini Studios. The film features N. T. Rama Rao, Savitri, Akkineni Nageswara Rao and Jamuna in the lead roles while S. V. Ranga Rao, Rushyendramani, Ramana Reddy and Relangi Venkataramaiah in supporting roles. S. Rajeswara Rao composed the film's soundtrack and background score while Marcus Bartley was the film's director of photography. The film was edited by C. P. Jambulingam & Kalyanam. The film's script was written by Aluri Chakrapani based on Rabindranath Maitra’s 'Manmoyee Girls School' and Sharadindu Bandhopadhyay’s 'Detective' which were translated by him in Telugu.

The film is about two unemployed graduates of different religions and mentalities, Rao and Mary who act as a married couple to gain jobs as teachers in a school established by Gopalam, the zamindar of Appapuram and the consequences face by them till Gopalam is aware that Mary is his missing elder daughter Mahalakshmi on whose name the school was established. The film was simultaneously shot in Tamil as Missiyamma with Gemini Ganesan replacing N. T. Rama Rao, K. A. Thangavelu replacing Akkineni Nageswara Rao, M. N. Nambiar replacing Ramana Reddy and K. Sarangkapani replacing Relangi Venkataramaiah in the Tamil version.

Missamma released on 12 January 1955 and Missiyamma released two days later on the eve of Sankranthi. Both were critically and commercially successful and are considered as evergreen classics in respective languages. The film was remade into Hindi as Miss Mary by L. V. Prasad in 1957 starring Meena Kumari, Gemini Ganesan and Kishore Kumar. The film was re-written and adapted as Pelli Pusthakam in 1991 by Bapu-Ramana and Raavi Kondala Rao starring Rajendra Prasad and Divyavani in the lead roles which too was commercially successful.

Plot[edit]

During a pilgrimage to Kakinada, Appapuram Zamindar Gopalam's elder daughter Mahalakshmi is lost and she is spotted by a Christian couple who adopt her and is renamed as Mary. Gopalam runs a school in the memory of his lost daughter and its headmaster cum an amateur detective Raju vows to find the whereabouts of Mahalakshmi in 6 months. Gopalam wants two educated people who hold a B. A. degree, a man and a woman, preferably married and skilled in Music so that they can also train his younger daughter Sita. Raju issues the advertisement and two unemployed graduates M. T. Rao and Mary apply for the jobs to clear their financial problems. They are given accommodation in a small house behind the Gopalam's bungalow. Along with these two, a person named Devaiah enter the house on request of Rao who has to be his close aid. Gopalam is a jovial man and his family treats them like their daughter and son-in-law. Mary being a Christian, doesn't however like all the customs she has to follow, and thus can't digest the affection showered by the old couple

Sita wants to learn Music from Mary but because of her short temper, Sita looses self-confidence and approaches Rao who helps her in learning music. This angers Mary and she feels that Rao is interested in Sita. Mary feels like she wants to leave the place at times as she finds all that unbearable. Once she even declares to the Gopalam couple that she hails from a Christian family, and has come there as a teacher. Rao, from the very beginning, tactfully corrects many such hasty acts of Mary in order to save their jobs and this time, he lies that she is possessed. The elderly couple however show the same affection towards Rao and Mary. After one month, both receive their salaries and Mary clears her debt. However her evil creditor David wants to marry her and is unaware of her present residence. He tries to know it from her foster parents but all his efforts go vain. Meanwhile, Raju too suspects that Rao is interested in Sita and since he loved her, he wants to prevent Rao from teaching her. He tries to learns Music from Mary to teach the same to Sita. But he miserably fails.

Two months are about to end and Mary wants to leave to Madras to stay with her adopted parents. Rao requests her to halt for a while as the Gopalam's family believes them to be a couple. She is reluctant and Rao tells her to leave and says that he would lie with the help of Devaiah that Mary is dead because of a fatal illness. A function is hosted night before they leave and Rao acts as if his leg is fractured because of Mary thus making her halt here for few more days. Next morning, David arrives and says to Raju that she is a Christian and shows an ornament. That ornament happens to be the one worn by Mahalakshmi when she was lost. David confronts Mary to marry her or clear his debt. When she brings the receipt of the debt payment, he tries to destroy it but fails as Rao intervenes. Mary announces Rao as her husband and the latter too agrees. Mary's foster parents reach Gopalam's house where Raju solved the mystery and arrests David. Mary is told the truth and she unites with Gopalam's family though being an integral part of her foster family too. The fact that Rao and Mahalakshmi were not actually married is then noticed but is not seriously considered. The film ends as Gopalam announces the weddings of Seetha with Raju and Mahalakshmi with Rao.

Cast[edit]

  • N. T. Rama Rao as M. T. Rao, a meek unemployed graduate who and Mary pretend as a married couple to get jobs as school teachers to fulfill their financial obligations. This role was portrayed by Gemini Ganesan in Missiyamma.
  • Savitri as Mary, another unemployed graduate who is quite opposite to Rama Rao and pretends as his wife to get the job. She is revealed as Mahalakshmi, the lost daughter of Appapuram Zamindar in the film's climax.
  • Akkineni Nageswara Rao as Raju, an amateur detective who works as the headmaster of the school established by his uncle Appapuram Zamindar. This role was portrayed by K. A. Thangavelu in Missiyamma.
  • Jamuna as Sita, the younger daughter of Appapuram Zamindar. She is a well trained dancer and also aspires to learn Music. She is engaged to Raju in the film's climax.
  • Ramana Reddy as David, Mary's cruel, wicked, manipulative creditor who lusts after her. This role was portrayed by M. N. Nambiar in Missiyamma.
  • Relangi Venkataramaiah as Devaiah, a street singer and beggar who accompanies Rama and Mary to Appapuram and works for them as their assistant. This role was portrayed by K. Sarangkapani in Missiyamma.

Production[edit]

Development[edit]

(Left to Right) Bhanumathi Ramakrishna, Relangi Venkataramaiah, N. T. Rama Rao and Ramana Reddy during the film's shoot. Bhanumathi was later replaced with Savitri because of a dispute with Aluri Chakrapani.

Aluri Chakrapani, who co-produced the film along with B. Nagi Reddy, wrote the script for Missamma based on Rabindranath Maitra’s 'Manmoyee Girls School' and Sharadindu Bandhopadhyay’s 'Detective' which were translated into Telugu by him later and the film was directed by L. V. Prasad. The dialogues were written by Pingali Nagendrarao. According to M. L. Narasimham of The Hindu, Missamma was the first true bilingual film produced by Vijaya Productions. He wrote "Though Patala Bhairavi (1951) and Pelli Chesi Choodu (1952) were shot simultaneously in Telugu and Tamil they had the same actors. But the Tamil version titled Missiamma had different set of male lead actors with Gemini Ganesan replacing N. T. Rama Rao, K. A. Thangavelu replacing Akkineni Nageswara Rao, M. N. Nambiar replacing Ramana Reddy and K. Sarangapani replacing Relangi Venkataramaiah, etc."[1]

Bhanumathi Ramakrishna was selected as the female lead and L. V. Prasad completed filming four reels of the film with her playing the character. One day, Bhanumathi intimated the makers that she would report to the sets only in the afternoon as she was participating in Varalakshmi Vratam at her home. None of them noticed the letter kept by her assistant on Chakrapani’s table. Chakrapani had a dispute with her later and she walked out of the movie as she saw no reason for her to apologize. By that time, Savitri won recognition for her author-backed roles in films like Devadasu (1953) and Kanyasulkam (1955). Chakrapani immediately ordered for replacing Bhanumathi with Savitri who was playing the second lead in the movie. Jamuna played the second female lead.[1][2][3]

There was a big search for a person to play the role of a detective drawn on humor lines as there was need for a balancing act to keep the sentiment and humor levels going well. Finally they thought that Akkineni Nageswara Rao would do a better job. He was in a supreme position in his career at that time and voluntarily chose to play the role just to prove that he was capable of doing any role even as a comedian. Besides, he also wanted to get rid of being branded as a tragic-romantic hero. Later in many instances, Nageswara Rao quoted this role as a challenging role which he could pull off.[3][4][5]

Characters[edit]

N. T. Rama Rao was seen as M. T. Rao, a Hindu unemployed graduate while Savitri played the role of Miss Mary a.k.a. Missamma, a simple but assertive Christian lady whose aim was to get rid of her creditor David, played by Ramana Reddy, for which she agrees to act as Rao’s spouse to get the job. Akkineni Nageswara Rao played a comic role of a detective named Raju. S. V. Ranga Rao as seen as Appapuram Zamindar while Rushyendramani and Jamuna played the roles of his wife and their pampered daughter Sita respectively. Allu Ramalingaiah played the local teacher and Ayurveda doctor. Doraswamy and Tamil actress Meenakshi played the roles of Mary's foster parents. Gummadi Venkateswara Rao made a cameo appearance as an interviewer. Relangi Venkataramaiah was seen as the street singer cum beggar Devaiah.[1] The range of costumes used for all the artistes were same in the Tamil version too, except for the one used for S. V. Ranga Rao as he had to sport the Veshti as a sign of Tamil culture whereas he was seen in Panche Kattu in the Telugu version adhering to Telugu traditions.[5]

Themes[edit]

The film addresses several social and cultural issues. It's basic story line is a family's traits trying to please a young couple who actually are two strangers of different religions and characteristics bound to each other to get rid of being unemployed. In the film, the fear of unemployment drives the characters of Rao and Mary to pose as a married couple despite their cultural and religious differences. Mary's character is haughty, arrogant and at times quite intolerant, whereas Rao's character is seen as an extremely meek, respects all religions and soft-spoken. The importance of education is observed in a scene where S. V. Ranga Rao's character expresses his desire to find B. A. graduates to teach the students in their school and Akkineni Nageswara Rao's character replies that there are plenty of B. A. graduates who are also good at teaching music.[6]

Mary's character is shown as a staunch Christian in this film and in many scenes, she complains about Hindu customs and traditions. On the flip side, Rao's character is knowledgeable and accepting of several religions. The undercurrent religion theme is best exemplified when Paul, Mary's foster father says "As rivers join at the sea, all the religions are paths that take the devotees to the Almighty". Lyrics of few songs in the film were shown to have a philosophical feel. While Rao's character explains how difficult it is to understand women through the song Aduvari Matalaku Ardhale Verule, the character of Devaiah, played by Relangi Venkataramaiah, is shown as a beggar pleading people around him to give alms to the poor, stressing on the notion that you will have God's blessings if you help those who are in need and also that your sins will be forgiven.[7]

In another song Seetharam Seetharam, Devaiah's character is shown as a saint who hates the fact that everyone cons people in the name of religion, showing several references to what all people do for God though in reality they are not as religious as they seem to be and blaming everyone who became greedy and selfish in the end of the song.[7] Chakrapani disagreed with a point that his films carried messages to viewers and felt that films should entertain. He remarked "If anybody want to give social messages let them send telegrams to viewers instead of making films". He also made sure that his characters do not get affected by Charlie Chaplin style feeling that comedy should have a local touch.[8]

Music[edit]

Missamma
Soundtrack album To Missamma by S. Rajeswara Rao
Genre Feature film soundtrack
Length 32:25
Language Telugu
Label HMV Records
Producer S. Rajeswara Rao

The soundtrack and background score of Missamma was composed by S. Rajeswara Rao and the lyrics for the songs were penned by Pingali Nagendrarao. The soundtrack consisted of 11 songs; all of them being situation based songs. A. M. Rajah, P. Susheela, P. Leela, Jikki and Relangi Venkataramaiah were the playback singers. One of Tyagaraja's compositions Raaga Sudhamaya was used in this film without any alterations. When Bhanumathi was a part of the project, Nagi Reddy told her that P. Leela, who was one of the most popular singers at that time, would sing for her. She refused saying that she will not let anyone sing her songs as she herself was a playback singer then.[2]

The soundtrack was a huge succes and the songs Aaduvari Matalaku Ardhale Verule, Telusukonave Yuvathi, Balanuraa Madanaa, Telusukonave Chelli, Karuninchu Mary Maathaa and Yemito ee Maya became instant hits. The duets Brindavanamadi Andaridi Govindudu Andarivadele and Ravoyi Chandamama remained as evergreen classics. Hemanth Kumar used the former's tune for the film’s Hindi remake Miss Mary. Decades later, the song was used in the 2001 Telugu film Kushi rendered by Muralidhar without any alterations in lyric and tune and met with great success.[1]

All lyrics written by Pingali Nagendrarao, except where noted. 

Tracklist
No. Title Singer(s) Length
1. "Raaga Sudharasa" (Written by Tyagaraja) P. Leela, Jikki 02:26
2. "Dharmam Cheyi Babu"   Relangi Venkataramaiah 02:30
3. "Aaduvari Matalaku Ardhale Verule"   A. M. Rajah 02:21
4. "Balanuraa Madanaa"   P. Susheela 03:16
5. "Telusukonave Chelli"   P. Leela 04:58
6. "Telusukonave Yuvathi"   A. M. Rajah 02:51
7. "Karuninchu Mary Maathaa"   P. Leela 02:30
8. "Ee Navanavabhyudaya"   A. M. Rajah 03:04
9. "Brindavanamadi Andaridi Govindudu Andarivadele"   A. M. Rajah, P. Susheela 02:56
10. "Ravoyi Chandamama"   A. M. Rajah, P. Leela 02:54
11. "Yemito Ee Maaya"   P. Leela 02:39
Total length:
32:25

Remakes and adaptations[edit]

Missamma was remade as Miss Mary in 1957 by L. V. Prasad starring Meena Kumari, Gemini Ganesan and Kishore Kumar. When AVM Productions acquired the Hindi remake rights, Nagi Reddy insisted on retaining Prasad as the director for Miss Mary. A. V. Meiyappan obliged and L.V. Prasad made his directorial debut in Hindi cinema. The film was also Gemini Ganesan's debut in Hindi cinema. Miss Mary was one of the biggest hits of 1957.[9][10]

The film's script was re-written by Mullapudi Venkata Ramana and Raavi Kondala Rao for the 1991 Telugu film Pelli Pusthakam produced by Ramana himself and directed by Bapu.[11] The film was declared a blockbuster and won Nandi Awards including the best writer for Raavi Kondala Rao and best dialogue writer for Ramana.[1]

Legacy[edit]

The song Brindavanamadi Andaridi Govindudu Andarivadele was used in the opening credits of the film Brindavanam (2010) starring N. T. Rama Rao Jr., Kajal Aggarwal and Samantha Ruth Prabhu whose title and its caption were named after this song.[12] The film stood in the second place in the list of top 5 Telugu classics to watch along with family published by The Times of India in 2012 who praised its narration as "powerful and gripping till the end".[13]

The song "Aadavari Matalaku Ardhale Verule" has been remixed in the 2001 blockbuster Kushi, starring Pawan Kalyan and Bhumika Chawla. The songs from the film has inspired film titles - Ravoyi Chandamama (1998), Aadavari Matalaku Arthale Verule (2007), Govindudu Andarivadele (2014).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e M. L. Narasimham (16 October 2014). "Blast from the past: Missamma (1955)". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 2 December 2014. Retrieved 1 December 2014. 
  2. ^ a b M. L. Narasimham (2 January 2006). "Tribute to a legend". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 2 December 2014. Retrieved 1 December 2014. 
  3. ^ a b http://web.archive.org/web/20060116051057/http://www.telugucinema.com/c/movies/missamma_anrjamuna.php
  4. ^ "Irreplaceable icon". The Hindu. 26 January 2014. Archived from the original on 2 December 2014. Retrieved 1 December 2014. 
  5. ^ a b "Golden Jubilee Of Missamma (1955)". Cinegoer.net. Archived from the original on 2 December 2014. Retrieved 2 December 2014. 
  6. ^ "Missamma – A Retrospective". releaseday.com. 23 September 2013. Archived from the original on 2 December 2014. Retrieved 2 December 2014. 
  7. ^ a b "6 Things we Learnt from Relangi’s songs". releaseday.com. 12 August 2013. Archived from the original on 2 December 2014. Retrieved 2 December 2014. 
  8. ^ "Missamma (1955)". Idlebrain.com. Archived from the original on 2 December 2014. Retrieved 2 December 2014. 
  9. ^ Janani Sampath (12 June 2013). "The South-Bollywood hero brigade". The New Indian Express. Archived from the original on 2 December 2014. Retrieved 1 December 2014. 
  10. ^ http://web.archive.org/web/20060111165410/http://www.telugucinema.com/c/movies/missamma_goldenjubilee.php
  11. ^ G.V. Prasada Sarma (5 March 2011). "Mullapudi leaves behind enduring legacy". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 2 December 2014. Retrieved 2 December 2014. 
  12. ^ Rajamani, Radhika (14 October 2010). "Brindavanam is predictable". Rediff.com. Archived from the original on 2 December 2014. Retrieved 2 December 2014. 
  13. ^ TNN (5 November 2012). "Telugu classics to watch along with family this Deepavali". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 2 December 2014. Retrieved 2 December 2014. 

External links[edit]

Missamma at the Internet Movie Database