Mission, Texas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Mission, Texas
City
Location of Mission, Texas
Location of Mission, Texas
Coordinates: 26°12′41″N 98°19′17″W / 26.21139°N 98.32139°W / 26.21139; -98.32139Coordinates: 26°12′41″N 98°19′17″W / 26.21139°N 98.32139°W / 26.21139; -98.32139
Country United StatesUnited States
State TexasTexas
County Hidalgo
Government
 • Type Council-Manager
 • City Council Mayor Norberto Salinas
Maria Elena Ramirez
Ruben Plata
Norie Gonzalez Garza
Leo Olivarez, Sr.
 • City Manager Martin Garza, Jr. (Interim)
Area
 • Total 24.1 sq mi (62.5 km2)
 • Land 24.1 sq mi (62.5 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 141 ft (43 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 77,058
 • Density 1,881.9/sq mi (726.6/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 78572-78574
Area code(s) 956
FIPS code 48-48768[1]
GNIS feature ID 1341738[2]
Website MissionTexas.us

Mission is a city in Hidalgo County, Texas, United States. The population was 80,452 at the 2012 Census. Mission is part of the McAllen–Edinburg–Mission and Reynosa–McAllen metropolitan areas.

Geography[edit]

Mission is located at 26°12′41″N 98°19′17″W / 26.21139°N 98.32139°W / 26.21139; -98.32139 (26.211402, -98.321277).[3]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 24.1 square miles (62 km2), of which, 24.1 square miles (62 km2) of it is land and 0.04% is water.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1950 2,940
1960 14,081 378.9%
1970 13,043 −7.4%
1980 22,589 73.2%
1990 31,100 37.7%
2000 45,408 46.0%
2010 77,058 69.7%

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 45,408 people, 13,766 households, and 11,384 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,881.9 people per square mile (726.6/km²). There were 17,723 housing units at an average density of 734.5 per square mile (283.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 77.63% White,[4] 0.37% African American, 0.38% Native American, 1.63% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 18.64% from other races, and 2.34% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 81.03% of the population.

There were 13,766 households out of which 43.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.8% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.3% were non-families. 15.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.29 and the average family size was 3.68.

In the city the population was spread out with 32.1% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 26.8% from 25 to 44, 17.1% from 45 to 64, and 14.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 91.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,647, and the median income for a family was $33,465. Males had a median income of $25,710 versus $20,718 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,796. About 22.6% of families and 26.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 37.4% of those under age 18 and 15.6% of those age 65 or over.

The United States Postal Service operates in the city of Mission.[5] Local zip codes include 78571, 78572, 78573, and 78574.

Economy[edit]

Mission shares the same economic growth that nearby McAllen enjoys. The Mission Economic Development Authority promotes development in the area. The city has been advertised as the "Home of the Ruby Red Grapefruit" since 1921, due to the fruit being commonly grown in the area.;[6] the city is also home to the Texas Citrus Exchange. The city holds an annual parade along Conway Avenue called the Texas Citrus Fiesta Parade, which features fruit-decorated floats, bands, law enforcement agencies, and fire departments, and many local and city government officials. Moore Air Force Base (deactivated) is located 14 miles northwest of the city. It is the location of the First Lift Station of the Mission Canal Company that once irrigated 15,000 acres (61 km2) of farmland in the Rio Grande Valley.

Notable natives and residents[edit]

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary schools[edit]

Most of Mission is a part of the Mission Consolidated Independent School District. Other portions extend into the La Joya Independent School District and the Sharyland Independent School District. In addition, South Texas Independent School District operates magnet schools that serve the community.

Mission is also the site of San Juan Diego Academy, a Catholic high school operated by the Catholic Diocese of Brownsville. Courses will begin in the fall 2011.

Public libraries[edit]

The Speer Memorial Library serves Mission.[7] The facility has 48,760 square feet (4,530 m2) of space.[8]

The library originated in March 1914, when the Civic League of Mission was formed to maintain a park and form a library. The first library board included officers from the civic league. In 1929 the City of Mission passed an ordinance making the library a part of the city government. In 1930 the library was in a room in the First National Bank. At a later time it moved to the Mission City Hall. From the early 1930s until 1947 the city library shared facilities with the school library. By 1960 it outgrew the building it had occupied. In 1976 Juanita Speer Farley donated the deed to her property to the city. A new library, designed by Warren Suter, an architect from Mission, was constructed in 1976 and 1977. The official completion date of the 14,000 square feet (1,300 m2) library was June 1, 1977. An addition in 1988 increased the library's square footage to 18,660 square feet (1,734 m2). An additional expansion of 30,100 square feet (2,800 m2), designed by architect TAG International, L.L.P. and constructed by Velasco Construction, was scheduled to be completed in March 2005, and the renovation of the older portions of the library was scheduled to begin afterwards.[8]

Radio stations[edit]

  • KCAS The New KCAS 91.5 FM - Renewing the Mind Official Site
  • KFRQ 94.5FM
  • KKPS 99.5FM
  • KNVO 101.1FM
  • KVLY 107.9FM
  • KVMV 96.9FM

Twin Towns and Sister Cities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ "Post Office Location - MISSION." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 9, 2010.
  6. ^ "Home of the Grapefruit (Mission slogan)". 
  7. ^ "Welcome to the Speer Memorial Library." City of Mission. Retrieved on May 9, 2010.
  8. ^ a b "About the Library." Speer Memorial Library. Retrieved on May 9, 2010.

External links[edit]