Location of Mission, Texas
|• City Council||Mayor Norberto Salinas
Maria Elena Ramirez
Norie Gonzalez Garza
Leo Olivarez, Sr.
|• City Manager||Martin Garza, Jr. (Interim)|
|• Total||24.1 sq mi (62.5 km2)|
|• Land||24.1 sq mi (62.5 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||141 ft (43 m)|
|• Density||1,881.9/sq mi (726.6/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||1341738|
Mission is located at (26.211402, -98.321277).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 24.1 square miles (62 km2), of which, 24.1 square miles (62 km2) of it is land and 0.04% is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 45,408 people, 13,766 households, and 11,384 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,881.9 people per square mile (726.6/km²). There were 17,723 housing units at an average density of 734.5 per square mile (283.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 77.63% White, 0.37% African American, 0.38% Native American, 1.63% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 18.64% from other races, and 2.34% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 81.03% of the population.
There were 13,766 households out of which 43.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.8% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.3% were non-families. 15.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.29 and the average family size was 3.68.
In the city the population was spread out with 32.1% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 26.8% from 25 to 44, 17.1% from 45 to 64, and 14.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 91.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $30,647, and the median income for a family was $33,465. Males had a median income of $25,710 versus $20,718 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,796. About 22.6% of families and 26.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 37.4% of those under age 18 and 15.6% of those age 65 or over.
Mission shares the same economic growth that nearby McAllen enjoys. The Mission Economic Development Authority promotes development in the area. The city has been advertised as the "Home of the Ruby Red Grapefruit" since 1921, due to the fruit being commonly grown in the area.; the city is also home to the Texas Citrus Exchange. The city holds an annual parade along Conway Avenue called the Texas Citrus Fiesta Parade, which features fruit-decorated floats, bands, law enforcement agencies, and fire departments, and many local and city government officials. Moore Air Force Base (deactivated) is located 14 miles northwest of the city. It is the location of the First Lift Station of the Mission Canal Company that once irrigated 15,000 acres (61 km2) of farmland in the Rio Grande Valley.
Notable natives and residents
- Lloyd Bentsen, former U.S. Senator and vice-presidential nominee, born in Mission in 1921
- William Jennings Bryan, presidential candidate and former Secretary of State, lived for a time in Mission
- William S. Burroughs, writer of Naked Lunch, lived in Mission for a short while, before going to Mexico for cheap morphine. He wrote about it in Junkie
- Jaime Garcia, professional MLB player from Sharyland High School playing with 2011 World Series Champions, St. Louis Cardinals
- Jorge Cantu, professional MLB player from Sharyland High School and played for Tampa Bay Rays, Cincinnati Reds, Florida Marlins, Texas Rangers, San Diego Padres, and now playing for Colorado Rockies
- Kika de la Garza, former U.S. representative
- Koy Detmer, brother of Heisman Trophy winner Ty Detmer, played for and carried the Mission Eagles football team to the Semi-finals in Texas 5A football under the leadership of his father, Sonny Detmer
- Lena Guerrero (1957–2008), the first woman and first ethnic minority person to serve on the regulatory Texas Railroad Commission
- Joe M. Kilgore, former U.S. representative, reared partly in Mission.
- Tom Landry, former coach of the Dallas Cowboys, born and raised, played for Mission High School
- Tito Santana (aka Merced Solis), former World Wrestling Federation (now WWE) star
- Trinidad Silva, actor
Primary and secondary schools
Most of Mission is a part of the Mission Consolidated Independent School District. Other portions extend into the La Joya Independent School District and the Sharyland Independent School District. In addition, South Texas Independent School District operates magnet schools that serve the community.
Mission is also the site of San Juan Diego Academy, a Catholic high school operated by the Catholic Diocese of Brownsville. Courses will begin in the fall 2011.
The library originated in March 1914, when the Civic League of Mission was formed to maintain a park and form a library. The first library board included officers from the civic league. In 1929 the City of Mission passed an ordinance making the library a part of the city government. In 1930 the library was in a room in the First National Bank. At a later time it moved to the Mission City Hall. From the early 1930s until 1947 the city library shared facilities with the school library. By 1960 it outgrew the building it had occupied. In 1976 Juanita Speer Farley donated the deed to her property to the city. A new library, designed by Warren Suter, an architect from Mission, was constructed in 1976 and 1977. The official completion date of the 14,000 square feet (1,300 m2) library was June 1, 1977. An addition in 1988 increased the library's square footage to 18,660 square feet (1,734 m2). An additional expansion of 30,100 square feet (2,800 m2), designed by architect TAG International, L.L.P. and constructed by Velasco Construction, was scheduled to be completed in March 2005, and the renovation of the older portions of the library was scheduled to begin afterwards.
- KCAS The New KCAS 91.5 FM - Renewing the Mind Official Site
- KFRQ 94.5FM
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- KNVO 101.1FM
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Twin Towns and Sister Cities
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Post Office Location - MISSION." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 9, 2010.
- "Home of the Grapefruit (Mission slogan)".
- "Welcome to the Speer Memorial Library." City of Mission. Retrieved on May 9, 2010.
- "About the Library." Speer Memorial Library. Retrieved on May 9, 2010.