Mission Point Light

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Mission Point Light
Mission Point Lighthouse.jpg
Mission Point Light
Mission Point Light is located in Michigan
Mission Point Light
Location Peninsula Township, Michigan
Coordinates 44°59′28.7″N 85°28′46.1″W / 44.991306°N 85.479472°W / 44.991306; -85.479472Coordinates: 44°59′28.7″N 85°28′46.1″W / 44.991306°N 85.479472°W / 44.991306; -85.479472[citation needed]
Year first constructed 1870
Year first lit 1870
Deactivated 1933
Construction Wood
Tower shape Square tower on dwelling
Markings / pattern White with black trim
Height 36 feet (11 m)
Focal height 47 feet (14 m)
Original lens Fifth order Fresnel lens
Range 8.7 nautical miles; 16 kilometres (10 mi)[citation needed]
Characteristic Flashing W 6 seconds.[1]
ARLHS number

USA-504

Designated: October 15, 1992
Another view of Mission Point Lighthouse

Mission Point Light is a lighthouse located in the U.S. state of Michigan at the end of Old Mission Point, a peninsula jutting into Grand Traverse Bay 17 miles (27 km) north of Traverse City. When it was built in 1870, it was an exact copy of the Mama Juda Lighthouse[2] (now destroyed), which was built on the Detroit River in 1866.[3]

The foundation is natural and emplaced. The wooden structure is painted white with black trim. The square tower is attached to a dwelling.[4]

A fixed white Fifth Order Fresnel lens was installed. The building was only one and one half stories tall. However, its placement on a sand bank fourteen feet above the lake's surface created a lens focal plane of 47 feet (14 m). It was visible from 13 miles (21 km)[citation needed] at sea. Maintaining the dune and protecting it and the lighthouse from the deleterious effects of wave action has been a constant struggle.[5]

For 67 years the light served to warn mariners about the shoals off the point. However, new techniques in offshore construction and the automation of lighthouse illumination made it possible to build a navigation aid on the shoal itself. In 1938, work began on a pier for the new light in 19 feet (5.8 m) of water, about 2 miles (3.2 km) northwest of Mission Point. The light ran on batteries. It was on a 36-foot (11 m) tall tower, and its focal plane of 52 feet (16 m) help make it visible for 13 miles (21 km). It had a 30 second dwell time between flashes, in order to conserve power.[5]

Famously, the lighthouse stands a few hundred yards south of the 45th parallel north, halfway between the North Pole and the Equator. The lighthouse was deactivated in 1933 and purchased by the State of Michigan.[6] There are a pair of signs that denote its location on the parallel,[7] and it is one of 29 places (six are in Michigan) in the U.S.A. where such signs are known to exist.[8]

Current status and activities[edit]

The lighthouse is now part of the Lighthouse Park in Peninsula Township at the northern end of M-37.[9]

As reported in the Traverse City Record Eagle, in a unique program, the lighthouse society sought volunteers to work and live in the Mission Point Light during 2008. There is a fee, which will benefit the light.[10]

In 2008, the building opened for the first time to the public (it will have a small museum),[11] after serving for many years as the park manager's residence.[6]

The area around the lighthouse attracts many cross country skiers. There is a boat launch there, which is favored by sea kayakers. The location is becoming increasingly popular, which has subjected it to environmental issues that are being addressed by Peninsula Township.[12]

The Old Mission Peninsula is said to be a premier place to sea kayak. One gets close to shore, lighthouse, picnic grounds and parks. The bay offers a shelter from the prevailing westerly winds and from the Lake Michigan waves. Maps, rentals and guided tours are available.[13]

Because of its form, surroundings and location, it is photogenic, having inspired photographs and illustrations, including drawings[14] and needlepoint.[15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

Vintage image of the Station