Mission San José de Tumacácori
|Location||near Nogales, Arizona|
|Name as founded||La Misión San José de Tumacácori|
|English translation||The Mission of Saint Joseph of the Rocky Flat Place|
|Founding date||January 1691|
|Founding priest(s)||Father Eusebio Francisco Kino|
|Governing body||National Park Service|
|Current use||Historic Monument|
Mission San José de Tumacácori (O'odham: Cemagĭ Gakolig) is a historic Spanish mission preserved in its present form by Franciscans in 1828. Mission San Cayetano del Tumacácori was established by Jesuits in 1691 in a different location, as has been discussed by Seymour (2007b) who has documented and excavated this original native site and mission location. After the O'odham rebellion of 1751 the mission was renamed and relocated to the present site on the west side of the Santa Cruz River, where this first church structure was erected for the mission. The architectural style of the church is Spanish Colonial.
It was rumored that the Jesuit priests had amassed a fortune on the peninsula and were becoming very powerful. On February 3, 1768 King Carlos III ordered the Jesuits forcibly expelled from "New Spain" and returned to the home country.
The mission is now part of Tumacácori National Historical Park, which contains three separate sections. This mission site is included in the Tumacácori National Historical Park that extends for 360 acres (1.5 km2), and is open to the public daily.
- "Tumacácori National Historical Park". National Park Service. Retrieved 2011-08-21.
- Di Peso, Charles C., 1956 The Upper Pima of San Cayetano del Tumacacori: An Archaeohistorical Reconstruction of the Ootam of Pimeria Alta. The Amerind Foundation, Inc. Dragoon, Arizona.
- Dobyns, Henry F., 1959 Tubac Through Four Centuries: A Historical Resume and Analysis. Prepared for the Arizona State Parks Board 15 March 1959, Reformatted by Tubac Presidio State Historical Park August 1995 and revised. Available on line at: http://parentseyes.arizona.edu/tubac/index.html
- Doyel, D. E., 1977 Excavations in the Middle Santa Cruz River Valley, Southeastern Arizona. Contribution to Highway Salvage Archaeology in Arizona, Number 44. Arizona State Museum, University of Arizona, Tucson.
- Fratt, Lee, 1981 Tumacacori Plaza Excavation, 1979: Historical Archaeology at Tumacacori National Monument, Arizona. Publications in Anthropology 16. Tucson, AZ: Western Archaeological and Conservation Center, National Park Service.
- Seymour, Deni J., 1993 Piman Settlement Survey in the Middle Santa Cruz River Valley, Santa Cruz County, Arizona. Report submitted to Arizona State Parks in fulfillment of survey and planning grant contract requirements.
- Seymour, Deni J., 2007a Delicate Diplomacy on a Restless Frontier: Seventeenth-Century Sobaípuri Social And Economic Relations in Northwestern New Spain, Part I. New Mexico Historical Review, Volume 82, no. 4.
- Seymour, Deni J., 2007b A Syndetic Approach to Identification of the Historic Mission Site of San Cayetano del Tumacácori. International Journal of Historical Archaeology, Vol. 11(3):269-296. http://www.springerlink.com.ezproxy2.library.arizona.edu/content/w43p168015123202/fulltext.html
- Seymour, Deni J., 2008 Delicate Diplomacy on a Restless Frontier: Seventeenth-Century Sobaípuri Social And Economic Relations in Northwestern New Spain, Part II. New Mexico Historical Review, Volume 83, no. 2.
- San José de Tumacácori
- Kino Missions: San José de Tumacácori
- Mission San José de Tumacácori (photographs)
- Photographs and arcitectural drawings of Tumacacori Mission from Historic American Buildings Survey