Mission San Miguel Arcángel is a Spanish mission in San Miguel, San Luis Obispo County, California. It was established on July 25, 1797 by the Franciscan order, on a site chosen specifically due to the large number of Salinan Indians that inhabited the area, whom the Spanish priests wanted to evangelize.
The mission remains in use as a parish church of the
Diocese of Monterey. After being closed to the public for six years due to the 2003 San Simeon Earthquake, the church reopened on September 29, 2009. Inside the church are murals designed by Esteban Munras. [12 ]
The mission was put on the
National Register of Historic Places in 1971 and was named to a [10 ] National Historic Landmark in 2006. [11 ]
Features [ edit ]
The Mission Arcade, a series of 12 arches, is original. The variety of shapes and sizes was planned
and the Mission was known for this arcade. [13 ] The first chapel on the site was replaced within a year of its construction by a larger adobe chapel, which burned in the 1806 fire.
[13 ] The current mission church was built between 1816 and 1818. It is 144 long, 27 feet (8.2 m) wide, and 40 feet (12 m) high.
[13 ] The cemetery adjacent to the church holds the remains of 2,249 Native Americans listed in the Mission's burial records.
[13 ] The painted walls inside the church are the original artwork by artist Esteban Munras and other
Salinan artists. [13 ]
Mission bells [ edit ]
Bells were vitally important to daily life at any mission. The bells were rung at mealtimes, to call the Mission residents to work and to religious services, during births and funerals, to signal the approach of a ship or returning missionary, and at other times; novices were instructed in the intricate rituals associated with the ringing the mission bells.
Gallery [ edit ]
Modern bells facing the freeway, with the old mission wall
See also [ edit ]
^ Leffingwell, p. 91
^ a b c d Krell, p. 254
^ Ruscin, p. 129
^ Yenne, p. 140
^ Ruscin, p. 196
^ Forbes, p. 202
^ Ruscin, p. 195
^ a b c Krell, p. 315: as of December 31, 1832; information adapted from Engelhardt's Missions and Missionaries of California.
^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
^ a b "Mission San Miguel Arcangel". National Historic Landmark Quicklinks. National Park Service . Retrieved . 20 March 2012
^ Grimes, Theresa (May 19, 2005). "Mission San Miguel Arcángel" (PDF). National Register of Historic Places – Inventory Nomination Form. National Park Service . Retrieved . 22 May 2012
^ a b c d e "Mission San Miguel Arcangel park brochure". n.d.
References [ edit ]
Coronado, Michael; Heather Ignatin (June 5, 2006). "Plan would open Prop. 40 funds to missions". The Orange County Register . Retrieved . 2008-03-08
Engelhardt, Zephyrin, O.F.M. (1931). San Miguel Arcángel: The Mission on the Highway. Mission Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA.
Forbes, Alexander (1839). California: A History of Upper and Lower California. Smith, Elder and Co., Cornhill, London.
Jones, Terry L. and Kathryn A. Klar (eds.) (2007). California Prehistory: Colonization, Culture, and Complexity. Altimira Press, Landham, MD. ISBN 0-7591-0872-2.
Krell, Dorothy (ed.) (1979). The California Missions: A Pictorial History. Sunset Publishing Corporation, Menlo Park, CA. ISBN 0-376-05172-8.
Leffingwell, Randy (2005). California Missions and Presidios: The History & Beauty of the Spanish Missions. Voyageur Press, Inc., Stillwater, MN. ISBN 0-89658-492-5.
Paddison, Joshua (ed.) (1999). A World Transformed: Firsthand Accounts of California Before the Gold Rush. Heyday Books, Berkeley, CA. ISBN 1-890771-13-9.
Ruscin, Terry (1999). Mission Memoirs. Sunbelt Publications, San Diego, CA. ISBN 0-932653-30-8.
Yenne, Bill (2004). The Missions of California. Thunder Bay Press, San Diego, CA. ISBN 1-59223-319-8.
External links [ edit ]