Mission Viejo, California

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City of Mission Viejo
City
The Saddleback Mountains and Lake Mission Viejo
The Saddleback Mountains and Lake Mission Viejo
Official seal of City of Mission Viejo
Seal
Motto: "Make Living Your Mission"[1]
Location of Mission Viejo within Orange County, California.
Location of Mission Viejo within Orange County, California.
Coordinates: 33°36′46″N 117°39′22″W / 33.61278°N 117.65611°W / 33.61278; -117.65611Coordinates: 33°36′46″N 117°39′22″W / 33.61278°N 117.65611°W / 33.61278; -117.65611
Country United States
State California
County Orange
Government
 • Type Council-Manager
 • Mayor Patricia Kelley
 • City Manager Dennis Wilberg
 • City Council
Area[2]
 • Total 18.123 sq mi (46.939 km2)
 • Land 17.739 sq mi (45.944 km2)
 • Water 0.384 sq mi (0.995 km2)  2.12%
Elevation 397–500 ft (121 m)
Population (2011)
 • Total 93,483
 • Density 5,200/sq mi (2,000/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 92690, 92691, 92692, 92694
Area code(s) 949
FIPS code 06-48256
GNIS feature ID 1661045
Website City of Mission Viejo California Website

Mission Viejo /ˈmɪʃən vˈh/ is a city located in southern Orange County, California, U.S. in the Saddleback Valley. Mission Viejo is considered one of the largest master-planned communities ever built under a single project in the United States, and is rivaled only by Highlands Ranch, Colorado, in its size. The city has a 2011 estimated population of 93,483.[3]

Mission Viejo is suburban in nature and culture. The city is mainly residential, although there are a number of offices and businesses within its city limits. The city is known for its picturesque tree-lined neighborhoods, receiving recognition from the National Arbor Day Foundation. The city's name is a reference to Rancho Mission Viejo, a large Spanish land grant from which the community was founded.

Mission Viejo was named the safest city in the United States by the Morgan Quitno crime statistic survey (compiled from FBI data). The city was also ranked safest in California and third in the nation by CQ Press.

History[edit]

Mission Viejo was purchased by John Forster, a Mexican also known as Don Juan. During the Mexican-American War, Forster provided fresh horses to United States military forces which were used on the march of San Diego to retake Los Angeles.

Mission Viejo was a hilly region primarily used as cattle and sheep grazing land, since it was of little use to farmers. This city was one of the last regions of Orange County to be urbanized due to its geologic complexity. In 1960, early developers dismissed most of the land in Mission Viejo as simply "undevelopable".[4]

Donald Bren, an urban planner who later became the president of the Irvine Company, drafted a master plan which placed roads in the valleys and houses on the hills, and contoured to the geography of the area. The plan worked, and by 1980 much of the city of Mission Viejo was completed. During the late 1970s and the 1980s, houses in Mission Viejo were in such high demand that housing tracts often sold out before construction even began on them. The houses and shopping centers in the city are almost uniformly designed in a Spanish mission style, with "adobe"-like stucco walls and barrel-tile roofs. Many point to Mission Viejo as the first and largest manifestation of Bren's obsession with Spanish architecture. Bren's company was also the creator of the developments in Irvine, and Newport Beach suburbs. The company expanded its operations and went on to build the Lakes project in Tempe Arizona, Mission Viejo Aurora in Colorado and was the initial master planner of Highlands Ranch, both in the Denver Metropolitan area.

The seal of the city of Mission Viejo was designed and drawn by Carl Glassford, an artist and former resident of the city.

Geography[edit]

Mission Viejo is located at 33°36′46″N 117°39′22″W / 33.61278°N 117.65611°W / 33.61278; -117.65611 (33.612739, −117.656038).[5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 18.1 square miles (47 km2). 17.7 square miles (46 km2) of it is land and 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2) of it (2.12%) is water. A significant portion of the surface water is held in Lake Mission Viejo, an artificial lake stretching approximately one mile from Olympiad Road to Alicia Parkway along Marguerite Parkway.

It is bordered by Lake Forest on the northwest, Trabuco Canyon on the northeast, Rancho Santa Margarita and Ladera Ranch on the east, San Juan Capistrano on the south, and Laguna Niguel and Laguna Hills on the west.

Climate[edit]

Mission Viejo enjoys a borderline semi-arid/Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification BSh/Csa), with mild temperatures and plentiful sunshine year-round. Rainfall totals, which average around 14 inches (355 millimetres) annually are focused primarily in the months from November to March. Summer is very dry and virtually rainless, however thunderstorms do rarely occur. Due to the city's proximity to the ocean, nighttime and morning clouds are fairly common, especially in the months of May and June, a weather phenomenon commonly known as June Gloom.

Like most of Southern California, the city is prone to dry Santa Ana winds, which bring hot air from inland and punctuate the normally mild temperatures with noticeable jumps. For example, temperatures have reached highs of 90°F (32°C) and above throughout many months of the year, occasionally into the autumn months. Snowfall within city limits is very rare, however the nearby Saddleback Mountains receive a dusting of snow every few winters.

Climate data for Mission Viejo, California
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 68
(20)
68
(20)
69
(21)
72
(22)
73
(23)
75
(24)
79
(26)
80
(27)
80
(27)
77
(25)
72
(22)
67
(19)
73.3
(23)
Average low °F (°C) 44
(7)
45
(7)
47
(8)
50
(10)
54
(12)
58
(14)
61
(16)
60
(16)
59
(15)
54
(12)
48
(9)
43
(6)
51.9
(11)
Precipitation inches (mm) 2.85
(72.4)
3.42
(86.9)
1.96
(49.8)
.88
(22.4)
.25
(6.4)
.11
(2.8)
.06
(1.5)
.03
(0.8)
.25
(6.4)
.65
(16.5)
1.09
(27.7)
2.38
(60.5)
13.93
(353.8)
Source: Weather Channel[6]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1970 11,933
1980 50,666 324.6%
1990 72,820 43.7%
2000 93,102 27.9%
2010 93,305 0.2%
source:[7][8]

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[9] reported that Mission Viejo had a population of 93,305. The population density was 5,148.3 people per square mile (1,987.8/km²). The racial makeup of Mission Viejo was 74,493 (79.8%) White (68.9% Non-Hispanic White),[10] 1,210 (1.3%) African American, 379 (0.4%) Native American, 8,462 (9.1%) Asian, 153 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 4,332 (4.6%) from other races, and 4,276 (4.6%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 15,877 persons (17.0%).

The Census reported that 92,363 people (99.0% of the population) lived in households, 859 (0.9%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 83 (0.1%) were institutionalized.

There were 33,208 households, out of which 11,767 (35.4%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 20,792 (62.6%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 2,967 (8.9%) had a female householder with no husband present, 1,306 (3.9%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 1,211 (3.6%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 225 (0.7%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 6,314 households (19.0%) were made up of individuals and 2,949 (8.9%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.78. There were 25,065 families (75.5% of all households); the average family size was 3.18.

The population was spread out with 21,270 people (22.8%) under the age of 18, 7,852 people (8.4%) aged 18 to 24, 21,648 people (23.2%) aged 25 to 44, 29,003 people (31.1%) aged 45 to 64, and 13,532 people (14.5%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.2 years. For every 100 females there were 95.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.2 males.

The median household income was $96,420, with 4.9% of residents living below poverty. 94.1% of residents held at least a high school diploma, while 44% held a bachelor's degree or higher.

There were 34,228 housing units at an average density of 1,888.6 per square mile (729.2/km²), of which 25,859 (77.9%) were owner-occupied, and 7,349 (22.1%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0.9%; the rental vacancy rate was 4.9%. 72,390 people (77.6% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 19,973 people (21.4%) lived in rental housing units.

Aerial view of Lake Mission Viejo and the surrounding developments (2014)

The Mission Viejo-Lake Forest-San Clemente urban area (which also includes the cities of Aliso Viejo, Dana Point, Laguna Beach, Laguna Hills, Laguna Niguel, Laguna Woods, Rancho Santa Margarita and San Juan Capistrano) had a population of 583,681 at the 2010 Census.

2000[edit]

At the 2000 census,[11] there were 93,102 people, 32,449 households and 25,212 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,990.1 inhabitants per square mile (1,926.4/km²). There were 32,986 housing units at an average density of 1,767.9 per square mile (682.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 79.7% white, 1.6% African American, 0.4% Native American, 8.3% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 6.2% from other races, and 3.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 15.9% of the population. There were 32,449 households out of which 39.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.1% were married couples living together, 8.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.3% were non-families. 17.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.84 and the average family size was 3.22.

Age distribution was 27.1% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 30.5% from 25 to 44, 24.9% from 45 to 64, and 10.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 95.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.7 males.

According to a 2008 estimate, the median household income was $93,330, and the median family income was $113,439.[12] Males had a median income of $74,703 versus $53,196 for females. The per capita income for the city was $41,459. 1.9% of families and 4.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.1% of those under age 18 and 6% of those age 65 or over.

Recreation and services[edit]

Mission Hospital is the largest hospital in south Orange County and serves as the area's regional trauma center. It also offers one of two Children's Hospital of Orange County locations providing care for children.

Mission Viejo has numerous recreational areas such as the Norman P. Murray Community and Senior Center[13] there are about two parks per square mile. The city has three golf courses, The Mission Viejo Country Club, Casta del Sol Golf Course, and the Arroyo Trabuco Golf Club. At the center of the city is a man-made lake, Lake Mission Viejo, a private association for Mission Viejo residents with custom waterfront homes, condominiums, boat rentals, and swim beaches.

Economy[edit]

According to the City's 2010 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[14] the top employers in the city were:

# Employer # of employees
1 Saddleback College 2,196
2 Mission Hospital 1,349
3 Unisys 1,000
4 Quest Diagnostics 500
5 Coldwell Banker 410
6 Saddleback Valley Unified School District 400

Marie Callender's has its corporate headquarters in the Marie Callender's Corporate Support Center in Mission Viejo.[15]

Politics[edit]

Of the 56,286 registered voters in the city, 31,090 (55.2%) are Republicans, 14,319 (25.4%) are Democrats, 8,790 (15.6%) declined to state political affiliation, and the remaining 2,087 (3.8%) are registered with a minor party.

The Mission Viejo City Council consists of five members elected at-large to staggered four-year terms. Each year, the city council elects a Mayor and a Mayor Pro Tem amongst themselves to serve for one calendar year. Currently, Trish Kelley serves as Mayor and Dave Leckness serves as Mayor Pro Tem. The other city council members are Rhonda Reardon, Cathy Schlicht, and Frank Ury.

In county government, Mission Viejo is located in the 5th District of the Orange County Board of Supervisors, currently represented by Republican Patricia C. Bates. In the state legislature, Mission Viejo is located in the 73rd Assembly District, represented by Republican Diane Harkey. Mission Viejo is not currently represented in the Senate due to a deferred voting process following redistricting. In 2014, residents will vote in the newly-drawn 36th Senate District. Federally, most of Mission Viejo is located in California's 45th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of R +8 and is represented by Republican John Campbell. The southern tip of the city is located in California's 49th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of R +5 and is represented by Republican Darrell Issa.

Sports[edit]

Mission Viejo has a major youth athletic facility, Mission Viejo Youth Athletic Park. The park consists of eight baseball fields and five soccer fields. It is host to Little League District 68 [2], AYSO Region 84 [3] and four competitive soccer clubs: Pateadores Soccer Club, Mission Viejo Soccer Club, West Coast Futbol Club, and Saddleback United Soccer Club.

The Mission Viejo Nadadores Swimming and Mission Viejo Nadadores Diving Team won a string of national championships and produced a number of Olympians and world record holders in the 1970s and 1980s. Olympians included Shirley Babashoff, Brian Goodell, Larson Jenson, Maryanne Graham, Nicole Kramer, Casy Converse, Marcia Morey, Dara Torres, and Greg Louganis.

Mission Viejo hosted the Road Cycling Events during the 1984 Summer Olympics held in Los Angeles. The old O'Neill Road was renamed Olympiad Rd. in honor of the Olympic events in 1984.

There is also a soccer facility, now used by the town's youth soccer program, that was used as a training field by the United States men's national soccer team before and during the 1994 FIFA World Cup, hosted by the United States. Mission Viejo is the largest AYSO Region in the country.

The Saddleback College ballpark hosted the Mission Viejo Vigilantes minor league baseball team of the Western Baseball League from 1996–2001. Now the ballpark has a semi-pro collegiate team, the Orange County Fire.

The Mission Viejo Library was built in 1996-97 and expanded in 2000-02

Mission Viejo is also the hometown of New York Jets quarterback Mark Sánchez, New York Yankees pitcher Phil Hughes, and Washington Nationals first baseman Adam LaRoche, former Milwaukee Brewers pitcher Don August, Saint Louis Cardinals outfielder Allen Craig, Top Shot Season 4 Champion Chris Cheng, and PBA Tour Champion Scott Norton.

Education[edit]

Mission Viejo is served by two school districts, the Capistrano Unified School District and Saddleback Valley Unified School Districts. Capistrano Unified serves the eastern, northeastern, and southern portions of the city with eight schools. As of 2006, all high school students in the Capistrano Unified portion of Mission Viejo attend Capistrano Valley High School. Students from western Mission Viejo (north of Oso Parkway and west of Marguerite until Alicia Parkway) attend Saddleback Valley's Mission Viejo High School. Far northern Mission Viejo attends Saddleback Valley's Trabuco Hills High School, though most of that school has students from Rancho Santa Margarita and Lake Forest. A few residents attend Tesoro High School in Las Flores or the private Santa Margarita Catholic High School in Rancho Santa Margarita.

Silverado High School, Mira Monte High School, and Pathfinder are continuation and adult schools within the city. Silverado High School provides a day school environment while Mira Monte, which shares the same campus, is strictly independent study.

Saddleback College, near The Shops at Mission Viejo and Capistrano Valley High School, is a large community college in the southern half of the city. In addition, the University of California, Irvine, Chapman University, Soka University of America, and California State University, Fullerton (Irvine Campus), are nearby in adjacent cities.

La Tierra Elementary shut down in June 2009 due to budget cuts. It was chosen due to its small size and minimal student body. The school will remain closed until further notice. Mission Viejo residents refer to La Tierra as "The Little School With a Big Heart." Students there are reassigned to Del Cerro Elementary.[16]

O'Neill Elementary, the city's first elementary school, closed in June 2009 also due to budget cuts in SVUSD. Students in the Deane Home community surrounding the school will be moved to nearby De Portola Elementary. Students living in the homes north of the lake will be moved to Melinda Heights Elementary in Rancho Santa Margarita.[17]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ "City of Mission Viejo California Website". City of Mission Viejo California Website. Retrieved September 14, 2012. 
  2. ^ U.S. Census
  3. ^ California Department of Finance. "[1]." California Department of Finance. May 2011. Retrieved on May 7, 2011.
  4. ^ Vanishing Orange County - Google Books. Retrieved March 8, 2011. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ Average weather for Mission Viejo Weather Channel'.' Retrieved 2012-07-14.
  7. ^ "CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING (1790–2000)". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 17, 2010. 
  8. ^ 1970 & 1980 census figures were enumerated prior to incorporation.
  9. ^ All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census, and are accessible on-line here. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. The area data, from which densities are calculated, are available on-line here. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth, opposite-sex marriage, or adoption. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. For further details, see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.
  10. ^ http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06/0648256.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  12. ^ American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. "Mission Viejo city, California – Income in the Past 12 Months (In 2008 Inflation-Adjusted Dollars)". Factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved March 6, 2011. 
  13. ^ "Norman P Murray Community Center". City of Mission Viejo. March 4, 2011. Retrieved March 8, 2011. 
  14. ^ "City of Mission Viejo CAFR". Cityofmissionviejo.org. Retrieved March 14, 2011. 
  15. ^ "Contact Us." Marie Callender's. Retrieved on May 27, 2012. "Mailing Address: Marie Callender's Corporate Support Center 27101 Puerta Real, Suite 260 Mission Viejo, CA 92691"
  16. ^ http://www.ocregister.com/articles/school-tierra-children-2276846-year-close
  17. ^ http://www.ocregister.com/articles/mission-viejo-oneill-2332580-saddleback-school
  18. ^ Elaine Woo (11 January 2011). "Debbie Friedman, self-taught Jewish folk singer, dies at 59". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 11 September 2013. 
  19. ^ Longman, Jere (October 23, 1998). "Griffith Joyner Died After Seizure in Sleep". The New York Times. Retrieved January 2, 2012. 
  20. ^ http://www.ocregister.com/articles/says-377962-noah-jennette.html
  21. ^ http://www.ocregister.com/articles/says-304079-mccurdy-icarly.html
  22. ^ ""Rampage" Jackson - There’s No Place Like His Second Home". Ultimate Fighting Championship. 23 February 2012. Retrieved 11 September 2013. 

External links[edit]