Mississippi State University XV-11 Marvel
|Role||STOL research aircraft|
|National origin||United States of America|
|Manufacturer||Mississippi State University|
|First flight||December 1, 1965|
|Primary user||United States Army|
|Developed from||AZ-1 Marvelette|
The Mississippi State University XV-11A Marvel was an experimental American STOL research aircraft of the 1960s. The MARVEL (Mississippi Aerophysics Research Vehicle with Extended Latitude) was a single-engined pusher monoplane fitted with a boundary layer control system. The first all-composite aircraft, it carried out its initial program of research on behalf of the US Army in the late 1960s, and was rebuilt in the 1980s as a proof-of-concept for a utility aircraft.
Development and design
The Department of Astrophysics and Aerospace Engineering at the Mississippi State University had been involved in a program of research into boundary layer control on behalf of the Office of Naval Research and the US Army since the early 1950s, carrying out trials on a modified Schweizer TG-3 glider, a Piper L-21 and a Cessna O-1. Based on the results of these studies, the US Army awarded the Department a contract to develop a new STOL research aircraft the XV-11 MARVEL ("Mississippi Aerophysics Research Vehicle, Extended Latitude").
The resultant design was a shoulder-winged monoplane powered by a single Allison T63 turboprop engine driving a pusher ducted propeller. The aircraft's structure was made completely of fiberglass, making the Marvel the first example of an all-composite aircraft. The boundary layer control system used a blower driven by the engine to draw suction through more than one million tiny holes in the wings and fuselage, while instead of conventional flaps the Marvel used a form of wing warping to deflect the wing trailing edges to vary the wing's camber. The aircraft's tail surfaces were attached to the duct around the propeller, extending behind the duct. The undercarriage, of the so-called "Pantobase" configuration, with tandem wheels fitted within two sprung wooden pontoons, was meant to allow operation from rough surfaces, or even from water. It was constructed mainly of fiberglass, with steel used for reinforcement and as heat shields around the engine.
The aircraft's wing and ducted propeller were tested on a piston-engined test bed, the XAZ-1 Marvelette. The full-sized Marvel was built by the Parsons Corporation based at Traverse City, Michigan, making its first flight on December 1, 1965. It successfully completed a 100-hour flying program for the US Army in 1969, where it demonstrated good STOL performance, taking off within 125 ft (38 m), and although the boundary layer control system was not as effective as hoped, it still provided a large amount of test data. Following the completion of the US Army testing in 1969, it was sent to storage awaiting further tests.
The Marvel was brought out of storage as a proof-of-concept demonstrator of a STOL utility aircraft for Saudi Arabia. It was fitted with a more powerful (420 hp (313 kW)) engine and longer span (36 ft 10½ in (11.24 m) wings, first flying in this form as the Marvel II on August 17, 1982. After initial tests in the United States, the Marvel II was shipped to Ta’if, Saudi Arabia, carrying out a short test program which showed that its landing gear was unsuitable for operating from soft sand and it was still underpowered, after which it returned to Mississippi.
In 2000, the aircraft was displayed at EAA Airventure promoting Mississippi State Department of Aerospace Engineering. In 2004, the XV-11A was donated to the Southern Museum of Flight at the Birmingham International Airport in Alabama.
Data from Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1969–70
- Crew: 2
- Capacity: 2 passengers
- Length: 23 ft 3.75 in (7.1057 m)
- Wingspan: 26 ft 2.5 in (7.988 m)
- Height: 8 ft 8.25 in (2.6480 m)
- Wing area: 106 sq ft (9.8 m2)
- Aspect ratio: 6.48
- Airfoil: NACA 63615 (modified)
- Empty weight: 1,958 lb (888 kg)
- Max takeoff weight: 2,620 lb (1,188 kg)
- Powerplant: 1 × Allison T63-A-5A turboprop, 316 shp (236 kW)
- Propellers: 2-bladed Aeroproducts Model 272 ducted fan, 5 ft 6 in (1.68 m) diameter
- Maximum speed: 225 mph (362 km/h; 196 kn) at 15,000 feet (4,600 m)
- Cruise speed: 184 mph (160 kn; 296 km/h) range cruise at 15,000 feet (4,600 m)
- Stall speed: 60 mph (52 kn; 97 km/h)
- Never exceed speed: 287 mph (249 kn; 462 km/h)
- Range: 265 mi (230 nmi; 426 km)
- Service ceiling: 15,000 ft (4,572 m)
- Rate of climb: 1,880 ft/min (9.6 m/s)
- Related development
- Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
- Related lists
- Taylor 1969, pp. 388–389.
- Matt, Paul R. "Anderson Greenwood AG-14 and the MARVEL program". Retrieved December 31, 2009.
- "History: XV-11A Marvel". Department of Aerospace Engineering, Mississippi State University. Retrieved December 31, 2009.
- "Flight lab loaning vintage aircraft". Retrieved February 10, 2011.
- Heyman 1990, p.52.
- Harding 1990, pp. 184–185.
- Heyman 1990, p.51.
- Heyman 1990, pp. 50–51.
- Heyman 1990, pp. 52–53.
- Heyman 1990, p.53.
- "Flight lab loaning vintage aircraft". Retrieved Feb 10, 2011.
- Harding, Stephen. U.S. Army Aircraft Since 1947. Shrewsbury, UK: Airlife Publishing, 1990. ISBN 1-85310-102-8.
- Heyman, Jos. "The Mississippi Marvel". Air Enthusiast, Forty-one, Midsummer 1990. Bromley, UK: Tri-Service Press. ISSN 0143-5450. pp. 49–53.
- Taylor, John W. R. Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1969–70. London:Jane's Yearbooks, 1969.