United States presidential election in Missouri, 2012

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United States presidential election in Missouri, 2012
Missouri
2008 ←
November 6, 2012
→ 2016

  Mitt Romney by Gage Skidmore 6 cropped.jpg Obama portrait crop.jpg
Nominee Mitt Romney Barack Obama
Party Republican Democratic
Home state Massachusetts Illinois
Running mate Paul Ryan Joe Biden
Electoral vote 10 0
Popular vote 1,482,440 1,223,796
Percentage 53.76% 44.38%

Missouri presidential election results 2012.svg

County Results
  Obama—80-90%
  Obama—50-60%
  Romney—50-60%
  Romney—60-70%
  Romney—70-80%

President before election

Barack Obama
Democratic

Elected President

Barack Obama
Democratic

Early on campaign trail, First Lady Michelle Obama stands for the national anthem at Busch Stadium in St. Louis, Missouri. October, 2011.

The 2012 United States presidential election in Missouri took place on November 6, 2012 as part of the 2012 General Election in which all 50 states plus The District of Columbia participated. Missouri voters chose 10 electors to represent them in the Electoral College via a popular vote pitting incumbent Democratic President Barack Obama and his running mate, Vice President Joe Biden, against Republican challenger and former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney and his running mate, Congressman Paul Ryan.

On election day, Missouri was won by Mitt Romney, who took 53.76% of the vote to Barack Obama's 44.38%, a margin of 9.38%. Although a battleground in past elections, Missouri is considered to be trending toward the Republicans, having been the only swing state to be won (albeit narrowly) by Republican John McCain in the 2008 election. Consequently the state was not heavily contested by either side in 2012, and the Republicans ultimately carried Missouri by the largest margin since 1984. Also, this was the first time since 1900 that Missouri was not carried by the victor of the presidential contest two times consecutively (after Obama had failed to win the state in 2008).

Obama carried only three counties and the City of St. Louis. He carried Boone County, home to Columbia and the University of Missouri; Jackson County, where most of Kansas City is located; and St. Louis County.

General Election[edit]

Results[edit]

United States presidential election in Missouri, 2012[1]
Party Candidate Running mate Votes Percentage Electoral votes
Republican Mitt Romney Paul Ryan 1,482,440 53.76% 10
Democratic Barack Obama Joe Biden 1,223,796 44.38% 0
Libertarian Gary Johnson Jim Gray 43,151 1.57% 0
Constitution Virgil Goode Jim Clymer 7,936 0.29% 0
Totals 2,757,323 100.00% 10

By county[edit]

County Romney Votes Obama Votes Others Votes Total
Adair 55.80% 5,648 41.68% 4,218 2.52% 255 10,121
Andrew 65.70% 5,457 31.89% 2,649 2.41% 200 8,306
Atchison 70.21% 1,902 27.91% 756 1.88% 51 2,709
Audrain 62.16% 6,186 35.55% 3,538 2.28% 227 9,951
Barry 71.22% 9,832 26.56% 3,667 2.22% 307 13,806
Barton 76.85% 4,416 21.44% 1,232 1.71% 98 5,746
Bates 64.60% 5,020 32.90% 2,557 2.50% 194 7,771
Benton 66.28% 6,069 31.94% 2,925 1.78% 163 9,157
Bollinger 75.05% 4,094 22.24% 1,213 2.71% 148 5,455
Boone 47.09% 37,343 50.17% 39,782 2.74% 2,171 79,296
Buchanan 53.15% 18,660 44.42% 15,594 2.43% 852 35,106
Butler 72.52% 12,248 25.83% 4,363 1.65% 278 16,889
Caldwell 65.31% 2,724 31.48% 1,313 3.21% 134 4,171
Callaway 64.42% 11,742 33.30% 6,070 2.28% 416 18,228
Camden 68.77% 15,089 29.43% 6,458 1.80% 395 21,942
Cape Girardeau 71.04% 25,343 27.23% 9,713 1.73% 616 35,672
Carroll 71.38% 3,072 26.81% 1,154 1.81% 78 4,304
Carter 70.67% 1,978 26.94% 754 2.39% 67 2,799
Cass 63.20% 30,912 34.85% 17,044 1.96% 957 48,913
Cedar 72.40% 4,375 25.42% 1,536 2.18% 132 6,043
Chariton 62.86% 2,402 35.04% 1,339 2.09% 80 3,821
Christian 72.37% 27,465 25.85% 9,809 1.79% 678 37,952
Clark 53.64% 1,730 43.35% 1,398 3.01% 97 3,225
Clay 53.22% 56,131 44.80% 47,250 1.98% 2,084 105,465
Clinton 60.06% 5,904 37.49% 3,685 2.45% 241 9,830
Cole 66.08% 24,488 32.39% 12,003 1.53% 567 37,058
Cooper 65.06% 4,887 32.94% 2,474 2.00% 150 7,511
Crawford 67.17% 6,434 30.81% 2,951 2.03% 194 9,579
Dade 74.31% 2,895 24.10% 939 1.59% 62 3,896
Dallas 68.58% 4,992 29.15% 2,122 2.27% 165 7,279
Daviess 64.98% 2,282 32.00% 1,124 3.02% 106 3,512
DeKalb 70.25% 3,056 27.45% 1,194 2.30% 100 4,350
Dent 73.51% 4,883 23.86% 1,585 2.63% 175 6,643
Douglas 70.91% 4,649 26.07% 1,709 3.02% 198 6,556
Dunklin 64.32% 6,849 34.13% 3,635 1.55% 165 10,649
Franklin 62.85% 29,271 34.99% 16,294 2.16% 1,008 46,573
Gasconade 68.62% 4,895 29.42% 2,099 1.96% 140 7,134
Gentry 66.27% 1,986 31.26% 937 2.47% 74 2,997
Greene 61.12% 76,786 36.72% 46,130 2.17% 2,723 125,639
Grundy 69.27% 3,030 27.71% 1,212 3.02% 132 4,374
Harrison 71.01% 2,624 26.63% 984 2.35% 87 3,695
Henry 61.55% 6,229 35.61% 3,604 2.85% 288 10,121
Hickory 60.58% 2,835 37.03% 1,733 2.39% 112 4,680
Holt 74.68% 1,725 23.85% 551 1.47% 34 2,310
Howard 61.96% 3,012 35.42% 1,722 2.61% 127 4,861
Howell 70.63% 11,541 26.88% 4,393 2.49% 407 16,341
Iron 55.87% 2,252 41.40% 1,669 2.73% 110 4,031
Jackson 53.32% 92,801 44.80% 77,965 1.88% 3,270 174,036
Jasper 69.33% 31,345 28.33% 12,808 2.34% 1,060 45,213
Jefferson 55.29% 53,973 42.59% 41,570 2.12% 2,070 97,613
Johnson 60.71% 12,750 36.48% 7,661 2.81% 590 21,001
Kansas City 21.90% 29,090 76.90% 102,135 1.20% 1,593 132,818
Knox 61.57% 1,205 35.67% 698 2.76% 54 1,957
Laclede 71.18% 10,934 26.65% 4,093 2.17% 334 15,361
Lafayette 62.08% 9,800 35.79% 5,650 2.13% 336 15,786
Lawrence 72.50% 11,417 25.49% 4,014 2.01% 317 15,748
Lewis 62.56% 2,677 35.24% 1,508 2.20% 94 4,279
Lincoln 63.27% 14,330 34.14% 7,733 2.59% 586 22,649
Linn 60.27% 3,331 36.75% 2,031 2.99% 165 5,527
Livingston 66.17% 4,006 31.48% 1,906 2.35% 142 6,054
Macon 65.65% 4,700 32.25% 2,309 2.10% 150 7,159
Madison 65.46% 3,227 32.21% 1,588 2.33% 115 4,930
Maries 69.74% 3,165 28.62% 1,299 1.63% 74 4,538
Marion 65.17% 7,923 33.16% 4,031 1.68% 204 12,158
McDonald 72.84% 5,694 24.56% 1,920 2.60% 203 7,817
Mercer 75.83% 1,255 21.33% 353 2.84% 47 1,655
Miller 73.50% 8,099 24.06% 2,651 2.44% 269 11,019
Mississippi 60.91% 2,997 37.76% 1,858 1.32% 65 4,920
Moniteau 73.01% 4,703 24.96% 1,608 2.03% 131 6,442
Monroe 63.20% 2,564 34.46% 1,398 2.34% 95 4,057
Montgomery 65.56% 3,486 32.61% 1,734 1.82% 97 5,317
Morgan 65.99% 5,733 31.92% 2,773 2.09% 182 8,688
New Madrid 59.09% 4,284 38.81% 2,814 2.10% 152 7,250
Newton 72.48% 18,179 25.62% 6,425 1.90% 476 25,080
Nodaway 62.31% 5,593 35.34% 3,172 2.35% 211 8,976
Oregon 65.28% 2,886 32.10% 1,419 2.62% 116 4,421
Osage 77.05% 5,330 21.28% 1,472 1.68% 116 6,918
Ozark 69.17% 3,080 28.32% 1,261 2.52% 112 4,453
Pemiscot 56.78% 3,596 42.18% 2,671 1.04% 66 6,333
Perry 70.98% 5,669 27.34% 2,184 1.68% 134 7,987
Pettis 63.13% 10,840 34.37% 5,902 2.50% 429 17,171
Phelps 65.39% 11,893 31.88% 5,798 2.73% 497 18,188
Pike 62.52% 4,576 35.26% 2,581 2.21% 162 7,319
Platte 56.24% 25,617 42.09% 19,171 1.67% 759 45,547
Polk 70.52% 9,252 27.29% 3,580 2.19% 287 13,119
Pulaski 67.00% 9,092 30.94% 4,199 2.06% 280 13,571
Putnam 72.46% 1,673 25.42% 587 2.12% 49 2,309
Ralls 64.16% 3,231 34.47% 1,736 1.37% 69 5,036
Randolph 67.05% 6,667 30.48% 3,031 2.47% 246 9,944
Ray 56.11% 5,805 41.21% 4,264 2.68% 277 10,346
Reynolds 60.29% 1,927 36.14% 1,155 3.57% 114 3,196
Ripley 71.12% 3,743 26.52% 1,396 2.36% 124 5,263
Saline 56.03% 5,096 41.62% 3,785 2.35% 214 9,095
Schuyler 60.55% 1,174 35.95% 697 3.51% 68 1,939
Scotland 64.36% 1,246 33.21% 643 2.43% 47 1,936
Scott 68.37% 11,623 30.13% 5,122 1.49% 254 16,999
Shannon 61.28% 2,260 35.25% 1,300 3.47% 128 3,688
Shelby 67.70% 2,188 29.89% 966 2.41% 78 3,232
St. Charles 59.66% 110,732 38.68% 71,798 1.65% 3,067 185,597
St. Clair 65.26% 3,019 31.56% 1,460 3.18% 147 4,626
St. Francois 58.65% 13,248 39.12% 8,837 2.24% 505 22,590
St. Louis City 16.03% 22,617 82.65% 116,654 1.32% 1,864 141,135
St. Louis County 42.53% 223,102 56.18% 294,735 1.29% 6,791 524,628
Ste. Genevieve 50.25% 4,055 47.25% 3,813 2.50% 202 8,070
Stoddard 73.81% 9,496 24.51% 3,153 1.69% 217 12,866
Stone 73.74% 11,780 24.54% 3,920 1.72% 274 15,974
Sullivan 62.04% 1,610 34.99% 908 2.97% 77 2,595
Taney 72.72% 15,713 25.28% 5,462 2.00% 433 21,608
Texas 70.77% 7,618 26.67% 2,871 2.55% 275 10,764
Vernon 67.57% 5,756 30.29% 2,580 2.15% 183 8,519
Warren 62.35% 9,150 35.56% 5,219 2.09% 307 14,676
Washington 58.12% 5,008 39.48% 3,402 2.39% 206 8,616
Wayne 66.28% 3,790 31.67% 1,811 2.05% 117 5,718
Webster 69.40% 10,702 28.58% 4,407 2.02% 312 15,421
Worth 63.36% 664 32.54% 341 4.10% 43 1,048
Wright 73.29% 5,831 24.55% 1,953 2.16% 172 7,956


Democratic primary[edit]

Missouri
Missouri Democratic primary, February 7, 2012
Candidate Votes percentage Delegates
Barack Obama 64,366 88.39% 89
Randall Terry 1,998 2.74% -
John Wolfe, Jr. 1,000 1.37% -
Darcy Richardson 873 1.20% -
uncommitted 4,580 6.29% -


Republican primary election and caucuses[edit]

United States presidential election in Missouri, 2012
Missouri
2008 ←
February 7, 2012 (2012-02-07)
→ 2016

  Rick Santorum by Gage Skidmore 2.jpg Mitt Romney by Gage Skidmore 6.jpg Ron Paul, official Congressional photo portrait, 2007.jpg
Candidate Rick Santorum Mitt Romney Ron Paul
Party Republican Republican Republican
Home state Pennsylvania Massachusetts Texas
Delegate count 13 31 4
Popular vote 139,272 63,882 30,647
Percentage 55.23% 25.33% 12.15%

Missouri Republican Presidential Primary Election Results by County, 2012.svg

Primary results by county. Santorum won all counties.

The Missouri Republican 2012 primary took place on February 7[2] and the caucuses ran from March 15 to March 24, 2012,[3] except for one rescheduled for April 10. The primary election did not determine which delegates will be sent to the national convention; this is instead determined indirectly by the caucuses and directly by the Missouri Republican congressional-district conventions April 21 and the state convention June 2.[4][5][6]

The unusual situation of having both the primary election and the caucus for the same party in the same election year in Missouri arose as a result of a change in the nominating rules of the Republican Party. State primaries in Missouri were previously held in early February. In September 2008, the Republican National Committee adopted a set of rules which included a provision that no states except Iowa, New Hampshire, South Carolina, and Nevada were allowed to begin the process of delegate selection (including binding primary elections) before the first Tuesday in March of an election year.[7] In 2011, the Republican-controlled Missouri General Assembly attempted to move the primary election to mid-March, but the bill was vetoed by Democratic Governor Jay Nixon because of a provision limiting his power to fill vacancies in statewide elected offices. In a compromise solution, it was decided that Republican primary election would be made non-binding and instead delegates would be nominated by separate caucuses in late March, a move estimated to cost the state $7–8 million.[8]

This marks the first time since 1996 that Missouri Republicans used a caucus system to nominate delegates to the Republican National Convention.[8]

Republican primary election[edit]

The primary was not to affect the selection of Missouri's delegates to the 2012 Republican National Convention, so it had no official effect on the nomination and was widely described beforehand as a "beauty contest". However it was seen as an opportunity for Rick Santorum to face off against Mitt Romney due to the absence of Newt Gingrich, who missed the filing deadline[9] and was not on the ballot. Santorum was the only candidate to actively campaign in the state ahead of the primary.[10]

The primary election was won by Santorum, who also won the Colorado and Minnesota Republican caucuses held that day.[11]

There were 326,438 total votes cast by party ballot[12] (including votes for Democratic, Libertarian and Constitution Party candidates),[13] a turnout of 7.99%[14] of 4,085,582 registered voters. Noting the low Republican turnout, NPR found voters apathetic because the primary was nonbinding.[15]

Results with 100.0% (3,134 of 3,134 precincts reporting):[16]

Missouri Republican primary, 2012[17]
Candidate[12] Votes Percentage
Rick Santorum 139,272 55.23%
Mitt Romney 63,882 25.33%
Ron Paul 30,647 12.15%
Uncommitted 9,853 3.91%
Rick Perry 2,456 0.97%
Herman Cain 2,306 0.91%
Michele Bachmann 1,680 0.67%
Jon Huntsman 1,044 0.41%
Gary Johnson 536 0.21%
Michael J. Meehan 356 0.14%
Keith Drummond 153 0.06%
Totals 252,185 100.00%
Key: Withdrew prior to contest.

Republican primary caucuses[edit]

The county caucuses elect delegates to congressional district conventions and the Missouri Republican Party state convention, which in turn elect 49 of Missouri's 52 delegates to the national convention.[5][18] However, no straw poll is released to indicate levels of support to the general public. According to the state party, "Caucus-goers will be voting for delegates, and with few exceptions, these delegates will not be bound to a particular candidate. Because there is no vote on candidate preference, neither the Missouri GOP nor any election authority will have or release any data regarding the ‘winner’ of the caucuses."[19]

Despite the nonbinding nature of the February primary, caucuses had the option to use its result as the basis for delegate allocation. Santorum was to appear personally at some caucuses, which The New York Times described as "part of the campaign’s county-by-county strategy to try to outflank Mr. Romney and catch him in the delegate race".[20]

Results[edit]

The county caucuses elect delegates to the congressional district conventions and the state convention. Delegates to the national convention will be elected at each of those conventions. Typically, the body of a caucus votes on slates of delegates prepared by leaders of factions and coalitions within the caucus.

The following table shows who won the majority or plurality of delegates for each county according to available unofficial reports.

Election results by county. Dark green indicates counties won by Santorum, gold, those won by Paul, orange indicates those won by Romney, and purple, Gingrich. The counties indicated in black are Barry County and Laclede County, in which Romney/Santorum and Paul/Santorum respectively tied for the win. Dark gray indicates uncommitted counties.

Caucus results by number of counties won

Candidate Counties
Rick Santorum 83
Mitt Romney 17
Ron Paul 11
Newt Gingrich 4
Uncommitted 0
Unknown 0
Total 115

Caucus results by county

County Winner Delegates [21] District Source
Adair Romney 9 6th [22]
Andrew Santorum 8 6th
Atchison Santorum 3 6th
Audrain Santorum 7 4th
Barry Romney 14 7th [23][24]
Barton Santorum 7 4th
Bates Santorum 7 4th
Benton Santorum 9 4th
Bollinger Santorum 6 8th
Boone Paul 53 4th [25][26][27]
Buchanan Romney 28 6th [28][29]
Butler Santorum 17 8th
Caldwell Romney 4 6th [30]
Callaway Romney 17 3rd [31]
Camden Santorum 12 3rd [32]
Cape Girardeau Santorum 36 8th [33]
Carroll Santorum 5 6th
Carter Santorum 3 8th [34]
Cass Santorum 43 4th [35]
Cedar Santorum 6 4th
Chariton Santorum 4 6th [36]
Christian Santorum 37 7th [37]
Clark Santorum 3 6th
Clay Romney 23+55 5th,6th [38]
Clinton Romney 9 6th [39]
Cole Romney 35 3rd [27]
Cooper Santorum 8 4th
Crawford Santorum 9 8th
Dade Santorum 5 4th
Dallas Romney 7 4th [40]
Daviess Santorum 4 6th
DeKalb Santorum 5 6th
Dent Santorum 7 8th
Douglas Paul 7 8th [41]
Dunklin Santorum 11 8th
Franklin Paul 40 3rd [27][42]
Gasconade Santorum 7 3rd
Gentry Santorum 3 6th
Greene Paul 111 7th [27]
Grundy Paul 5 6th [43]
Harrison Romney 4 6th [44]
Henry Santorum 9 4th
Hickory Santorum 5 4th
Holt Santorum 3 6th
Howard Santorum 4 4th
Howell Santorum 16 8th
Iron Santorum 3 8th
Jackson Paul 144+35 5th,6th [45][46]
Jasper Santorum 46 7th [47]
Jefferson Santorum 15+39+19 2nd,3rd,8th [48][49]
Johnson Santorum 18 4th
Knox Santorum 2 6th
Laclede Paul 16 4th [43]
Lafayette Romney 14 5th [50]
Lawrence Santorum 17 7th [51]
Lewis Santorum 4 6th
Lincoln Santorum 19 3rd [52]
Linn Santorum 5 6th
Livingston Gingrich 6 6th [53]
Macon Santorum 7 6th
Madison Santorum 5 8th
Maries Santorum 5 3rd
Marion Santorum 12 6th
McDonald Santorum 8 7th
Mercer Santorum 2 6th
Miller Romney 12 3rd [32]
Mississippi Santorum 5 8th
Moniteau Santorum 7 4th
Monroe Santorum 4 6th
Montgomery Santorum 5 3rd
Morgan Santorum 8 4th
New Madrid Santorum 7 8th
Newton Santorum 26 7th [47]
Nodaway Paul 8 6th [43]
Oregon Santorum 4 8th [54]
Osage Santorum 8 3rd
Ozark Santorum 5 8th [24]
Pemiscot Santorum 6 8th
Perry Gingrich 8 8th
Pettis Romney 16 4th [55]
Phelps Romney 17 8th [56]
Pike Santorum 7 6th
Platte Gingrich 35 6th [57]
Polk Santorum 13 7th
Pulaski Santorum 14 4th
Putnam Santorum 3 6th
Ralls Santorum 5 6th
Randolph Romney 10 4th [58]
Ray Santorum 8 5th
Reynolds Santorum 3 8th
Ripley Santorum 5 8th
St. Charles Paul 59+88 2nd,3rd [59]
St. Clair Santorum 5 4th
St. Francois Santorum 19 8th [60]
St. Louis Romney [a] 67+250 1st,2nd [27][61]
Saint Louis (city) Paul 36 1st [45][46]
Sainte Genevieve Santorum 6 8th
Saline Santorum 8 5th [62]
Schuyler Santorum 2 6th
Scotland Santorum 2 6th
Scott Santorum 17 8th
Shannon Santorum 3 8th
Shelby Santorum 4 6th
Stoddard Romney 14 8th [63]
Stone Santorum 16 7th
Sullivan Santorum 3 6th
Taney Paul 22 7th [64]
Texas Gingrich 11 8th
Vernon Santorum 8 4th
Warren Santorum 13 3rd
Washington Santorum 7 8th
Wayne Santorum 6 8th
Webster Santorum 11+4 4th,7th
Worth Santorum 2 6th
Wright Santorum 9 8th
Notes
  1. ^ A separate caucus was held in each township.

Controversies[edit]

Other[edit]

There were controversies surrounding the caucuses in Clay and Cass counties. The Missouri Republican Party ruled later that the slates of delegates elected at those caucuses were valid.[65]

District and State Conventions[edit]

The following table shows who won the national delegates for each congressional district and statewide.

Convention Results[66][67][68][69]
Candidate 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th State Party
leaders
Total
Mitt Romney 1 1 2 3 0 1 1 3 19 0 31
Rick Santorum 1 2 1 0 0 1 2 0 6 0 13
Ron Paul 1 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 4
Newt Gingrich 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1
Uncommitted 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 3
Total 24 25 3 52

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Missouri Secretary of State". Retrieved 2012-11-10. 
  2. ^ "Primary and Caucus Printable Calendar". CNN. Retrieved January 11, 2012. 
  3. ^ Dates for some Mo. presidential caucuses changed, St. Louis Post-Dispatch February 20, 2012
  4. ^ "2012 Primary Schedule « 2012 Election Central". 2012presidentialelectionnews.com. Retrieved 2012-02-08. 
  5. ^ a b "MOGOP votes to go to caucus system for selecting delegates to national convention". MOGOP.org. Retrieved April 2, 2012. 
  6. ^ "Missouri Republican State Committee 2012 Call to Convention". Retrieved April 22, 2012. 
  7. ^ "The Rules of the Republican Party, As Adopted by the 2008 Republican National Convention, September 1, 2008". 
  8. ^ a b Brown, Tony (1 March 2012). "Caucus is real deal for county GOP". Maryville Daily Forum. Retrieved 16 March 2012. 
  9. ^ "Newt Gingrich fails to get on Missouri ballot – Political Hotsheet". CBS News. Retrieved 2012-02-08. 
  10. ^ Wagman, Jake (7 February 2012). "Polls open until 7 p.m. for Missouri's 'beauty contest' today". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. Retrieved 15 March 2012. 
  11. ^ "Santorum wins Missouri primary, getting bragging rights but no delegates for GOP nomination". The Washington Post. 2012-01-31. Retrieved 2012-02-08. 
  12. ^ a b "Low turnout expected". Chillicothe Constitution-Tribune. Chillicothenews.com. 2012-02-06. Retrieved 2012-03-18. 
  13. ^ "Statewide Candidate Results". MO Secretary of State. Retrieved March 7, 2012. 
  14. ^ "Unofficial Voter Turnout". MO Secretary of State. Retrieved March 7, 2012. 
  15. ^ Greenblatt, Alan (7 February 2012). "Why Missouri Voters Have The 'Beauty Contest' Blues". It's All Politics. NPR. Retrieved 15 March 2012. 
  16. ^ "State of Missouri Presidential Preference Primary – Presidential Preference Primary". Missouri Secretary of State. February 28, 2012. Retrieved February 28, 2012. 
  17. ^ "Google Politics & Elections". Google.com. Retrieved 2012-02-08. 
  18. ^ "In Missouri, caucus results will have to wait". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. March 2, 2012. Retrieved March 9, 2012. 
  19. ^ King Jr, Neil (15 March 2012). "Missouri's Big Caucuses This Weekend Will Show Very Little". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 16 March 2012. 
  20. ^ Zeleny, Jeff (16 March 2012). "In Missouri, the G.O.P. Fight For Delegates Enters Round 2 (Post-Beauty Contest)". The New York Times. Retrieved 19 March 2012. 
  21. ^ "Document of Allocation". Retrieved 25 March 2012. 
  22. ^ "Adair County sending mostly uncommitted delegates to Missouri GOP conventions". Retrieved 23 March 2012. 
  23. ^ "Confusion Wins In Missouri's 'Chaotic' Caucus Process". Retrieved 23 March 2012. 
  24. ^ a b "New Romney Web Ad: "Our Favorite" (Comment #35)". Retrieved 23 March 2012. 
  25. ^ Cushman, Hannah; Williams, Jaime (March 17, 2012). "Boone County Caucus sends on slate of Paul supporters". The Columbia Missourian. Retrieved March 25, 2012. 
  26. ^ Silvey, Janese (March 18, 2012). "Ron Paul supporters carry county caucus". Columbia Daily Tribune. Retrieved March 25, 2012. 
  27. ^ a b c d e "Caucus chaos may have cost Santorum in Missouri". Retrieved 20 March 2012. 
  28. ^ "Caucus sees large turnout". Retrieved 23 March 2012. 
  29. ^ "(Update) Vote Counting Glitch Slows GOP Caucus". Retrieved 23 March 2012. 
  30. ^ "Confusion, conflict mar local caucus". Retrieved 23 March 2012.  and email
  31. ^ "Record turnout for Republican caucus". Retrieved 23 March 2012.  and phone call
  32. ^ a b "Camden County Republicans choose Santorum". Retrieved 23 March 2012. 
  33. ^ "'Purest form of democracy': Cape County Republicans hold caucus that largely backs Santorum". Retrieved 23 March 2012. 
  34. ^ "Election commission certifies March 6 primary results". Retrieved 23 March 2012. 
  35. ^ "Cass County Caucus Slate Draws Fire". Retrieved 23 March 2012. 
  36. ^ "In Missouri, the G.O.P. Fight for Delegates Enters Round 2 (Post-Beauty Contest)". Retrieved 23 March 2012. 
  37. ^ "Missouri Caucus Anecdotes: Arguments, Arrests, and a Good Day for Ron Paul". Retrieved 19 March 2012. 
  38. ^ Helling, Dave (March 17, 2012). "Missouri caucuses marked by contention, with no clear victor yet". Kansas City Star. Retrieved March 25, 2012. 
  39. ^ "Clinton County goes non-binding". Retrieved 23 March 2012. 
  40. ^ "Dallas County, MO GOP Disenfranchises Voters as Establishment's "Chosen One" Tone Dictates Caucus". Retrieved 23 March 2012.  Controversial
  41. ^ "Douglas county, MO went all Ron Paul". Retrieved 23 March 2012.  (unconfirmed)
  42. ^ "Franklin County GOP Caucus Selects Combined Paul-Romney Slate". KLPW. March 17, 2012. Retrieved April 1, 2012. 
  43. ^ a b c Unconfirmed, based on eyewitnesses
  44. ^ "Republicans choose delegates to district and state conventions". Retrieved 23 March 2012. 
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