Missouri Route 13
|Maintained by MoDOT|
|Length:||296 mi (476 km)|
|Existed:||1922 – present|
|South end:||Hwy. 21 in Blue Eye|
US 60 / US 160 in Springfield
|North end:||US 69 / US 136in Bethany|
Route 13 is a highway in Missouri which runs almost the entire north–south length of the state. Its northern terminus is at U.S. Route 69/136 in Bethany. Its southern terminus is at the Arkansas state line in downtown Blue Eye, Missouri–Arkansas where it continues as Highway 21. It is one of the original state highways of Missouri.
The road serves as an important corridor between Springfield and Kansas City, two of the three largest cities in the state. Heading north from Springfield, Route 13 intersects Route 7 at Clinton which in turn carries traffic to U.S. Route 71 at Harrisonville. US 71 then continues on into downtown Kansas City. Route 13, Route 7, and US 71 now provide a four-lane highway (much of it freeway) between Springfield and Kansas City since the completion of the final widening project between Collins and Clinton.
Several sections from north of Reeds Spring through Branson West have been widened, rebuilt, moved, and renamed to help ease traffic congestion through the towns. Drivers regularly use these routes to get to many of the lakes in southern Missouri and this has caused a major headache in recent years. One section of road has been renamed Route 413 and travels north to Springfield. In June 2009, the nation's first diverging diamond interchange, a style of interchange where traffic crosses to the left-side of the road, opened to traffic. The interchange is located at the I-44/MO-13 junction in Springfield.
Route 13 begins at the Arkansas state line in Blue Eye. After leaving the town, it runs through the rugged countryside of the southwest Missouri Ozarks, part of the Mark Twain National Forest. Route 13 forms a 3 miles (4.8 km) concurrency with Route 86 before bridging Table Rock Lake south of the town of Branson West. In Branson West, it leaves the national forest and forms a concurrency with Route 76 and Route 265. North of this, Route 13 runs concurrent with Route 248 for 2 miles (3.2 km). At Reeds Spring Junction is the southern terminus of Route 413, and old alignment of Route 13, changed in the early 2000s (decade). Also at Reeds Spring Junction, U.S. Route 160 joins to form another concurrency with Route 13. At Spokane, the two routes are joined by a third route, Route 176.
Route 13 and US 160 intersect Route 14 in Nixa. The two roads continue north into Greene County, where they enter Springfield running along Campbell Avenue. At the James River Freeway, Route 13 and US 160 turn off Campbell to run along the freeway with U.S. Route 60. Route 13 splits off the freeway at the next exit to turn north along Kansas Expressway. At Sunshine Street is the northern terminus of Route 413. On the north side of Springfield, Route 13 crosses Route 744 (Kearney Street) and Interstate 44 less than a mile north. It then passes near the Ozark Empire Fairgrounds and the Dickerson Park Zoo and leaves the city as a divided highway. A project begun in 2009 and completed on June 21 of that year, turned the existing Route 13 and I-44 interchange into a diverging diamond, which was the first of its kind in the nation. In addition to costing $2.5 million compared to around $8 million for a complete rebuild, this has also helped ease congestion at the interchange by making lefts onto the on-ramps "free lefts" by lanes shifting into opposite lanes when passing over the bridge.
South of Bolivar, the divided highway splits apart, with the northbound lanes being the older highway, though an even older alignment runs further to the east. Because of the situation, numerous "Do not enter" signs are posted to help prevent local traffic from driving on the wrong lanes of the highway. Near Brighton is a short concurrency with Route 215. Construction began in summer of 2008 to build new northbound lanes next to the straighter southbound lanes. This project will be done by 2010 and the old northbound lanes will be designated county roads when the project is completed.
At Bolivar, in addition to the intersection with Route 32, is another business route. The business route ends, along with Route 83 at an interchange on the southern part of the town. South of Humansville is the intersection with Route 123. At Collins is an interchange with U.S. Route 54. At Osceola, Route 13 crosses a branch of the Harry S. Truman Reservoir.
At Deepwater, Route 13 forms a concurrency with Route 52. The two routes cross Harry S. Truman Reservoir twice before heading into Clinton. Routes 13 and 52 serve as the eastern terminus of Route 18. Route 7 joins the concurrency at the same intersection as Route 18's terminus, and the three routes continue around the northeastern part of the town, where Route 52 splits off, and eventually Routes 7 and 13 go their separate ways.
North of Post Oak, the highway has an intersection with Route 2. East of Warrensburg is an intersection with U.S. Route 50. South of Higginsville, Route 13 crosses Interstate 70/U.S. Route 40. At Higginsville is the western terminus of Route 20.
Route 13 is concurrent with U.S. Route 24 for approximately two miles immediately south of Lexington, site of a Civil War battlefield and the route's northernmost business route. It leaves U.S. Route 24 east of Lexington where it intersects Route 224 and then crosses the Missouri River. From U.S. Route 24 in Lexington to the intersection with Route 10 in Richmond, the road is a four-lane limited access highway. North of Richmond, it returns to a two-lane highway flanked by a lot of crop land. At Polo the road forms a short concurrency with Route 116, and further north, at Hamilton is an intersection with U.S. Route 36. Near Gallatin, it turns east forming a concurrency with Route 6 for 3 miles (4.8 km), then turns north again. A few miles north is a junction with Interstate 35. Then, Route 13 ends at US 69/Route 136 in Bethany.
The original southern terminus of the highway (as laid out in 1922) was at Route 71 (now U.S. Route 65) in Buffalo. With the creation of the U.S. Highway system in 1926, it was realigned to absorb the Bolivar-Springfield Route 69, which had been created in 1922; the former piece from Bolivar to Buffalo became an extension of Route 66, which quickly became part of US 54 (and is now part of Route 32). Route 13 took over Route 43, established in 1922 from Marionville south to the Arkansas state line, in about 1930.
Route 13 Business
||This section contains a table that is missing mileposts for one or more junctions. Please help by .|
|Stone||Blue Eye||0.0||0.0||Hwy. 21 south||Southern terminus, Arkansas state line|
|0.9||1.4||Route 86 east to US 65 – Table Rock Lake||south end of Route 86 overlap|
|4.4||7.1||Route 86 west – Carr Lane||north end of Route 86 overlap|
|Branson West||18.7||30.1||Route 76 east / Route 265 south – Branson West||south end of Route 76 / Route 265 overlap|
|19.6||31.5||Route 265 north / Route 413 north – Reeds Spring||north end of Route 265 overlap|
|Reeds Spring||21.4||34.4||Route 76 west – Reeds Spring, Cape Fair||north end of Route 76 overlap|
|23.4||37.7||Route 248 west – Reeds Spring||south end of Route 248 overlap|
|Reeds Spring Junction||24.2||38.9||US 160 east / Route 248 east – Branson||north end of Route 248 overlap; south end of US 160 overlap|
|Christian||28.8||46.3||Route 176 west – Galena||south end of Route 176 overlap|
|Spokane||31.4||50.5||Route 176 east – Spokane||north end of Route 176 overlap|
|Nixa||44.9||72.3||Route 14 (Mount Vernon Street) – Clever, Ozark|
|Greene||Springfield||51.3||82.6||US 60 east (James River Freeway) – Rogersville||interchange; south end of US 60 overlap|
|52.9||85.1||US 60 west / US 160 west (James River Freeway) – Republic||interchange; north end of US 60 / US 160 overlap
diverging diamond interchange, converted from existing interchange August 18, 2013
|55.7||89.6||Route 413 south (Sunshine Street) to US 65 – Republic|
|58.0||93.3||I-44 Bus. (Chestnut Expressway) to I-44 / US 65|
|59.8||96.2||Route 744 / Historic US 66 (Kearney Street) to US 65 / US 160|
|60.5||97.4||I-44 – Joplin, Rolla||I-44 exit 77
Diverging diamond interchange, first in the United States
|Polk||Brighton||Route 215 south – Pleasant Hope, Brighton||south end of Route 215 overlap|
Route 215 north / Route 215 Spur east – Morrisville
|south end of Route 215 overlap|
Route 13 Bus. north / Route 83 – Bolivar
|86.0||138.4||Route T – Bolivar, Aldrich||interchange|
Route 13 Bus. south / Route 32 – Bolivar, Fair Play
Route 123 / Route 13 Bus. north – Dunnegan, Humansville
Route 13 Bus. south / Route N – Humansville, Caplinger Mills
|St. Clair||109.5||176.2||US 54 – Collins||interchange|
Route 82 / Route 13 Bus. north – Osceola, Harper
Route 13 Bus. south
|Henry||136.3||219.4||Route 52 west – Montrose||interchange; south end of Route 52 overlap|
Route 52 Bus. west – Deepwater
Route 13 Bus. north – Clinton
|144.4||232.4||Route 7 south / Route 18 west – Clinton, Warsaw, Historic Downtown Clinton||south end of Route 7 overlap|
|145.8||234.6||Route 52 east – Windsor||interchange; north end of Route 52 overlap|
Route 7 north / Route 13 Bus. south – Harrisonville, Clinton
|north end of Route 7 overlap|
|Johnson||161.5||259.9||Route 2 – Chilhowee, Leeton|
Route 13 Bus. north – Warrensburg
|Route DD – Warrensburg, Whiteman AFB||roundabout|
|174.5||280.8||US 50 – Lee's Summit, Jefferson City||interchange|
Route 13 Bus. south – Warrensburg
|Lafayette||Higginsville||190.1||305.9||I-70 / US 40 – Kansas City, Columbia||I-70 exit 49|
Route 13 Bus. north (Fairground Avenue)
Route 13 Bus. south / Route 20 east – Higginsville, Confederate Memorial State Historic Site
Route 13 Bus. north
|Lexington||US 24 / Lewis and Clark Trail – Lexington, Waverly||Interchange|
Route 224 / Route 13 Bus. south – Lexington
|Ray||213.3||343.3||Route J – Hardin||interchange|
Route 10 / Route 13 Bus. north / Lewis and Clark Trail to Route 210 – Excelsior Springs, Carrollton
Route 10 Bus. / Route 13 Bus. south – Excelsior Springs, Hardin, Business District
|Caldwell||Polo||239.2||385.0||Route 116 west – Lathrop||south end of Route 116 overlap|
|240.2||386.6||Route 116 east – Cowgill, Braymer||north end of Route 116 overlap|
US 36 / Route 110 (CKC) – Cameron, Chillicothe
|interchange; south end of US 36 Bus. overlap|
US 36 Bus. west (West Berry Street)
|north end of US 36 Bus. overlap|
|Daviess||Gallatin||266.7||429.2||Route 6 west – Altamont||south end of Route 6 overlap|
|Route 6 east – Jamesport||north end of Route 6 overlap|
|Harrison||I-35 – Kansas City, Des Moines||I-35 exit 88|
|Bethany||US 69 / US 136 – Bethany, New Hampton||Northern terminus|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
- Nelson, Kristin (June 22, 2009). "Nation's first diverging diamond interchange is open". KY3 News. Retrieved March 26, 2010.
- Tang, Didi (2010-01-28). "Missouri test drives 'diverging diamond' interchange". USA Today.
- Missouri State Highway Commission (1923). Map Showing State Roads and Route Numbers (Map). http://www.cosmos-monitor.com/road/mo/hist/maps/etc/map1923.html.
- Google, Inc. "Missouri Route 13". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?f=d&hl=en&geocode=11623236783563574506,39.929210,-93.933290%3B11772666447492342009,40.209993,-94.013553&saddr=MO-13+%4039.929210,+-93.933290&daddr=MO-13+%4040.209993,+-94.013553+to:40.254426,-94.026977&mra=mi&mrcr=1&mrsp=2&sz=18&sll=40.253992,-94.026693&sspn=0.002358,0.005831&ie=UTF8&z=18&om=0. Retrieved 2008-02-12.
- Southwest District (October 2012). "Kansas Exp./James River Freeway Diverging Diamond Interchange" (Press release). Missouri Department of Transportation. Retrieved April 8, 2014.
- Brewer, Chris (August 19, 2013). "Diverging diamond interchange at Kansas Expwy & James River Freeway receives first major test". KYTV (TV). Retrieved August 23, 2013.