Mistelbach

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For the town in Germany, see Mistelbach, Bavaria.

Mistelbach
Mistelbach noe 02.jpg
Coat of arms of Mistelbach
Coat of arms
Mistelbach is located in Austria
Mistelbach
Mistelbach
Location within Austria
Coordinates: 48°34′00″N 16°34′00″E / 48.56667°N 16.56667°E / 48.56667; 16.56667Coordinates: 48°34′00″N 16°34′00″E / 48.56667°N 16.56667°E / 48.56667; 16.56667
Country Austria
State Lower Austria
District Mistelbach
Government
 • Mayor Dr. Alfred Pohl (ÖVP)
Area
 • Total 131.38 km2 (50.73 sq mi)
Elevation 190 m (620 ft)
Population (1 January 2014)[1]
 • Total 11,136
 • Density 85/km2 (220/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 2130
Area code 02572
Vehicle registration MI
Website www.mistelbach.at

Mistelbach an der Zaya (Mistelbach on the (River) Zaya) is a town in the northeast of Austria in so called Lower Austria, one of Austria's nine Federal States. It is located roughly 40 km northeast of Austria's capital Vienna. Furthermore, it consists of 8 subordinated municipalities.

Geographical location[edit]

Mistelbach is located in the North East of Lower Austria's Wine Quarter (Weinviertel), approximately 25 to 30 km from the Czech and the Slovak borders. It lies next to the main road connection between Brno (Czech Republic) and Vienna (Road B7).

History[edit]

Early settlements in the Mistelbach area can be traced back to pre-Christian times.

Around 1130 Mistelbach was mentioned on official deeds for the first time. After the Lords of Mistelbach had ceased around 1370 the initially royal estates of Wilfersdorf were given to the House of Lichtenstein.

Mistelbach was granted its first right to hold markets in 1372. Today Mistelbach still hosts four markets per year. Mistelbach received its town charter July 5, 1874.

In the 19th century Mistelbach was strongly influenced by its connection to the Austrian Eastern Railway. It eventually became the district's capital and schools were built. In the 20th century Mistelbach experienced difficulties caused by its geographical proximity to the Iron Curtain. Nevertheless the town developed into a regional center of the Eastern Winequarter (Weinviertel).

Population[edit]

According to the 2011 census, Mistelbach had 10,963 residents, compared to a 2001 census population of 10,644. In 1991 Mistelbach counted 10,234 residents, in 1981 10,251 and in 1971 10,235.

Politics[edit]

The post of mayor is held by Mr. Christian Resch. Mr. Gabauer acts as Chief Municipal Officer. After local elections March 6, 2005 the 37 seats of the Municipal Council are divided as follows: ÖVP (Austrian Christian Democratic Party): 20 seats, SPÖ (Austrian Social Democratic Party): 11 seats, LAB: 3 seats, Green Party of Austria: 2 seats, and FPÖ (Austrian Liberal Party): 1 seat.

Schools[edit]

  • HTL (Higher Technical School) for Healthcare Technologies
  • HAK & HAS (Higher Commercial Academy/Higher Commercial School)
  • BORG (Grammar School)
  • HS (Public School)
  • VS (Elementary School)
  • ASO (School for Mentally Handicapped Children)
  • Vocational School
  • Wine Farmer's School
  • Nurse's Training School

Sights[edit]

  • Gothic Church on Church Hill
built around 1500, with a gothic Madonna out of sandstone
built around 1200
built 1687, with precious ceiling frescos by Kainz, Rossaforte and Maulpertsch
  • Column commemorating Mistelbach's suffering under the Black Death (Pestsäule)
  • Weather Station in Mistelbach's Town Park
  • Town center (Stadtsaal)
  • Museum Center Mistelbach
including the Hermann Nitsch Museum, opened in May 2007[2]
Hermann Nitsch lives near Mistelbach, in the small village of Prinzendorf. The artist is famous for his unconventional style and for his performance art, for which he also faces considerable criticism.[3]
  • Culture Scenery (Kulturlandschaft) around Paasdorf
  • Historic Barn (Hofstadl), built in the 19th century in the so-called ship-body style Siebenhirten.[4]

Mistelbach is also home to one of the region's most popular, though traditional Vienna-style coffee houses "Cafe Harlekin" which has become an icon of the city's lifestyle over the years.[5]

Subordinated municipalities[edit]

  • Ebendorf
  • Eibesthal
  • Frättingsdorf
  • Hörersdorf
  • Hüttendorf, within the municipality of Mistelbach
  • Kettlasbrunn
  • Lanzendorf, within the municipality of Mistelbach
  • Paasdorf
  • Siebenhirten

Economy and infrastructure[edit]

In 2001 there were 583 non-agricultural enterprises in Mistelbach. In 1999 agriculture- and forestry-related enterprises amounted to 281. According to 2001 census data 4,776 people out of the total population worked in Mistelbach. The labor force participation rate is 45.9%.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]