Mitú

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This article is about the city in Colombia. For curassow genus, see Mitu (bird). For the surname, see Mitu (surname). For the village in Iran, see Mitu, Iran.
Mitú
City and municipality
Flag of Mitú
Flag
Official seal of Mitú
Seal
Location of the town and municipality of Mitú in the Department of Vaupés.
Location of the town and municipality of Mitú in the Department of Vaupés.
Mitú is located in Colombia
Mitú
Mitú
Location of the town and municipality of Mitú in the Department of Vaupés.
Coordinates: 1°11′54″N 70°10′24″W / 1.19833°N 70.17333°W / 1.19833; -70.17333Coordinates: 1°11′54″N 70°10′24″W / 1.19833°N 70.17333°W / 1.19833; -70.17333
Country  Colombia
Region Amazonía
Department Vaupés
Founded 1936
Government
 • Mayor Carlos Iván Ramiro Meléndez Moreno (L)[1]
Area
 • Total 16.422 km2 (6.341 sq mi)
Elevation 183 m (600 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 14,112
 • Density 860/km2 (2,200/sq mi)
Demonym Mituense
Area code(s) 57 + 8
Website Official website (Spanish)

Mitú is the capital city of the department of Vaupés in Colombia.[2][3] It is a small town located in South eastern Colombia in the Amazon Basin. Founded in 1936, Mitú, lies next to the Vaupés River at 180 meters above sea level. It is where the core of the services (transport and trade) are provided to the Vaupés Department.

The Vaupés River serves as connecting link between Mitú and nearby hamlets on the riverbanks, but there are no roads connecting the town to rest of the country. Accessible only by airplane, Mitú is the most isolated Capital of Department in Colombia.

History[edit]

The founding of Mitú can be traced to the rivalry between Brazilians and Colombians exploiting rubber in the basins and ranges of the upper Guainía and Apaporis rivers. By 1903 there was an intense activity exploiting rubber in the area around the Vaupés river using the local Indians, of the ethnic groups tucano and carijonas, as slaves.

Mitú was erected as a modest hamlet in October 1936 by Miguel Cuervo Araoz. The town served as a meeting point between different indigenous communities, in addition of being a center of rubber tree exploitation, fur trade and missionary center. Its main activity was the rubber trade for food, clothing and fuel. After being for a time a township, in 1963 Mitú became the capital of the Vaupés Commissary (Comisaria). In 1974, it was made municipality and in 1991 it became the capital of the new created department.

In November, 1998 an estimated 1,900[4] FARC guerrilla members of the Eastern Bloc of the FARC-EP tried to take over the town by force, against 120 National Police members and one Colombian National Army Battalion. The Colombian Air Force and Army Aviation supported ground forces with air raids. Mitu was left partially destroyed and some 60 policemen and 10 civilians died along with over 800 guerrilla members.[4] In their escape FARC took hostages as human shields including some 40 to 45 members of the Colombian Military.[5]

On June 13, 2010, two of the hostages captured in Mitu in 1998, National Police Col. (now Gen.) Luis Mendieta and National Police Col. Enrique Murillo were freed by the Colombian army in a rescue operation[6] that also freed two others captured in Miraflores to the west in 1998.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Mitú
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 34.0
(93.2)
34.6
(94.3)
34.5
(94.1)
33.8
(92.8)
32.8
(91)
32.1
(89.8)
32.1
(89.8)
32.6
(90.7)
33.7
(92.7)
33.5
(92.3)
34.1
(93.4)
33.2
(91.8)
34.6
(94.3)
Average high °C (°F) 31.3
(88.3)
31.5
(88.7)
32.0
(89.6)
31.2
(88.2)
29.2
(84.6)
29.5
(85.1)
29.2
(84.6)
30.1
(86.2)
30.8
(87.4)
30.6
(87.1)
31.0
(87.8)
30.9
(87.6)
30.61
(87.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.4
(79.5)
26.3
(79.3)
26.5
(79.7)
26.4
(79.5)
25.6
(78.1)
25.2
(77.4)
25.1
(77.2)
25.7
(78.3)
25.9
(78.6)
26.3
(79.3)
25.9
(78.6)
26.3
(79.3)
25.97
(78.73)
Average low °C (°F) 20.1
(68.2)
20.2
(68.4)
21.3
(70.3)
21.1
(70)
21.3
(70.3)
21.5
(70.7)
19.9
(67.8)
20.5
(68.9)
20.8
(69.4)
21.0
(69.8)
21.1
(70)
19.9
(67.8)
20.73
(69.3)
Record low °C (°F) 17.4
(63.3)
17.2
(63)
19.2
(66.6)
17.8
(64)
19.6
(67.3)
19.0
(66.2)
16.5
(61.7)
16.8
(62.2)
16.1
(61)
18.0
(64.4)
19.0
(66.2)
16.6
(61.9)
16.1
(61)
Precipitation mm (inches) 257.1
(10.122)
209.5
(8.248)
228.8
(9.008)
331.2
(13.039)
381.5
(15.02)
373.6
(14.709)
385.4
(15.173)
301.2
(11.858)
241.0
(9.488)
234.0
(9.213)
219.0
(8.622)
193.3
(7.61)
3,355.6
(132.11)
Avg. precipitation days 13 13 15 19 22 21 23 20 16 15 17 16 210
Mean monthly sunshine hours 139.2 106.7 125.1 113.1 106.4 100.6 110.2 129.8 131.5 127.9 121.8 120.4 1,432.7
Source: Instituto de Hidrologia Meteorologia y Estudios Ambientales[7]

References and notes[edit]

External links[edit]