Mitcham and Morden (UK Parliament constituency)

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Mitcham and Morden
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Mitcham and Morden in Greater London.
County Greater London
Electorate 67,074 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Colliers Wood, Mitcham, Morden and Merton
Current constituency
Created 1974 (1974)
Member of Parliament Siobhain McDonagh (Labour)
Number of members One
Created from Mitcham
Merton & Morden
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency London

Mitcham and Morden is constituency[n 1] in Greater London represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1997 by Siobhain McDonagh of the Labour Party.[n 2]

History[edit]

The constituency was created in 1974 from the former seats of Mitcham and Merton & Morden. Between 1974 and 1982 it was represented by Bruce Douglas-Mann who was elected as a Labour MP but defected in 1982 to the Social Democratic Party (SDP). On defecting, he resigned his seat and sought re-election as an SDP MP, he was the only defector to have resigned his seat.

1982 by-election[edit]

In the subsequent by-election held in May 1982 at the time of the Falklands War, the seat elected Angela Rumbold of the Conservative Party, this was the last time to date that a seat has been gained by a governing party in the UK at a by-election.[n 3] It was also the last time the Conservative Party would gain (as opposed to win) at a by-election until 22 May 2008 when Edward Timpson took Crewe and Nantwich.

At the 1997 General Election the seat was won by Labour and Siobhain McDonagh was elected as Member of Parliament. At the 2001, 2005 and 2010 General Elections, she was re-elected and her majority is 13,666 (31.2%) ahead of the next candidate, a Conservative, polling the 26th highest share of the vote for the party of the 631 seats contested.[2]

Boundaries[edit]

Based within the London Borough of Merton, the constituency consists of the wards of Colliers Wood, Cricket Green, Figges Marsh, Graveney, Lavender Fields, Lower Morden, Longthornton, Pollards Hill, Ravensbury and St Helier.

The Boundary Commission recommondations, implemented at the 2010 election, were relatively minor with about 750 electors moving from Mitcham and Morden to Wimbledon and about 500 electors moving from Wimbledon to Mitcham and Morden. This has been caused by wards being aligned with constituency boundaries following the implementation of new ward boundaries for the London Borough of Merton at the 2002 Local Elections.

Constituency profile[edit]

The seat is broadly suburban, with terraced houses and low-rise estates in southern parts of Tooting and Streatham at the northern end of the seat. In the south-west of the constituency is most affluent part, Lower Morden.

In the middle, the former coaching stop town of Mitcham with its ancient cricket green retains some village-like characteristics and has relatively poor transport connections with the rest of London until the building of the Croydon Tramlink. In the 20th century, Mitcham became surrounded by modern council housing, and light industry. Housing varies between the large rented sector, privately acquired properties much of which using the Thatcher Ministry's right to buy and significant dependence in certain areas on social housing.[3]

Across the borough the population with an ethnic minority heritage is approximately 40%.[4][5]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[6] Party
Feb 1974 Bruce Douglas-Mann Labour
1981 SDP
1982 by-election Angela Rumbold Conservative
1997 Siobhain McDonagh Labour

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2010: Mitcham and Morden[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Siobhain McDonagh 24,722 56.5 +0.1
Conservative Melanie Hampton 11,056 25.2 +0.3
Liberal Democrat Diana Coman 5,202 11.9 −2.1
BNP Tony Martin 1,386 3.2 N/A
UKIP Andrew Mills 857 2.0 N/A
Green Smarajit Roy 381 0.9 −2.6
Independent Rathy Alagaratnam 155 0.4 −0.1
Independent Ernest Redgrave 38 0.1 N/A
Majority 13,666 31.2 −0.9
Turnout 43,798 67.0 +6.2
Labour hold Swing −0.4

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Mitcham and Morden
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Siobhain McDonagh 22,489 56.4 −4.0
Conservative Andrew Shellhorn 9,929 24.9 +0.8
Liberal Democrat Jo Christie-Smith 5,583 14.0 +3.9
Green Tom Walsh 1,395 3.5 +1.1
Veritas Adrian Roberts 286 0.7 N/A
Independent Rathy Alagaratnam 186 0.5 N/A
Majority 12,560 31.5
Turnout 39,868 61.2 +3.4
Labour hold Swing −2.4
General Election 2001: Mitcham and Morden
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Siobhain McDonagh 22,936 60.4 +2.1
Conservative Harry Stokes 9,151 24.1 −5.6
Liberal Democrat Nick Harris 3,820 10.1 +2.5
Green Tom Walsh 926 2.4 +1.6
BNP John Tyndall 642 1.7 +0.6
UKIP Adrian Roberts 486 1.3 +1.0
Majority 13,785 36.3 +7.6
Turnout 37,961 57.8 −15.5
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Mitcham and Morden[8][9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Siobhain McDonagh 27,984 58.4 +11.9
Conservative Angela Rumbold 14,243 29.7 −11.4
Liberal Democrat Nicholas Harris 3,632 7.6 −1.6
Referendum Party Peter Isaacs 810 1.7 N/A
BNP Linda Miller 521 1.1 N/A
Green Thomas J. Walsh 415 0.9 −0.4
Independent Krishna Vaikuntha Vasan 144 0.3 N/A
UKIP J Barrett 117 0.2 N/A
Independent N Dixon 80 0.2 N/A
Majority 13,741 28.7 +25.3
Turnout 47,946 73.3 −7.0
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +15.6
General Election 1992: Mitcham and Morden[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Angela Rumbold 23,789 46.5 −1.7
Labour Siobhain McDonagh 22,055 43.1 +7.9
Liberal Democrat John C. Field 4,687 9.2 −7.5
Green Thomas J. Walsh 655 1.3 N/A
Majority 1,734 3.4 −9.6
Turnout 51,186 80.3 +4.6
Conservative hold Swing −4.8

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Mitcham and Morden
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Angela Rumbold 23,002 48.2 +5.5
Labour Siobhain McDonagh 16,819 35.2 +6.4
Social Democrat Bruce Douglas-Mann 7,930 16.6 −10.8
Majority 6,183 13.9
Turnout 47,751 75.7
Conservative hold Swing −0.5
General Election 1983: Mitcham and Morden
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Angela Rumbold 19,827 42.7 −1.2
Labour D. Nicholas 13,376 28.8 −16.4
Social Democrat Bruce Douglas-Mann 12,720 27.4 N/A
National Front J. Perryman 539 1.2 −0.8
Majority 6,451 13.9
Turnout 46,462 73.1
Conservative hold Swing
Mitcham and Morden by-election, 1982
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Angela Rumbold 13,306 43.4 −0.5
Social Democrat Bruce Douglas-Mann 9,032 29.4 N/A
Labour David Nicholas 7,475 24.4 −20.8
National Front Joseph Pearce 547 1.8 −0.2
Independent Liberal Edward Larkin 123 0.4 N/A
Ethnic Minority Candidate Roy Sawh 84 0.3 N/A
Democratic Monarchist Bill Boaks 66 0.2 N/A
COPS Jitendra Bardwaj 22 0.1 N/A
Computer Democrat Christopher Farnsworth 18 0.0 N/A
Majority 4,274 14.0
Turnout 30,673 48.5
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +10.2

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Mitcham and Morden
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Bruce Douglas-Mann 21,668 45.2 −3.0
Conservative D. Samuel 21,050 43.9 +9.0
Liberal R. Locke 4,258 8.9 −7.1
National Front J. Perryman 966 2.0 N/A
Majority 618 1.3
Turnout 47,942 76.9
Labour hold Swing −6.0
General Election October 1974: Mitcham and Morden
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Bruce Douglas-Mann 22,384 48.2 +5.7
Conservative D. Samuel 16,193 34.9 −1.3
Liberal M. Simpson 7,429 16.0 −4.4
Communist Sid French 281 0.6 −0.4
Independent G. Giddins 106 0.2 N/A
Air Road Public Safety White Resident Bill Boaks 68 0.2 N/A
Majority 6,191 13.3
Turnout 46,461 71.0 −8.0
Labour hold Swing +3.5
General Election February 1974: Mitcham and Morden
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Bruce Douglas-Mann 21,771 42.5 N/A
Conservative D. A. Harris 18,546 36.2 N/A
Liberal P. C. Spratling 10,462 20.4 N/A
Communist Sid French 507 1.0 N/A
Majority 3,225 6.3 N/A
Turnout 51,286 79.0 N/A
Labour win (new seat)

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ See also vote splitting, spoiler effect and
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ General Election Results from the Electoral Commission
  3. ^ 2001 Census
  4. ^ http://ukpollingreport.co.uk/guide/seat-profiles/mitchamandmorden?cp=2
  5. ^ 2011 census interactive maps
  6. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "M" (part 3)[self-published source][better source needed]
  7. ^ http://www.merton.gov.uk/council/voting/statementpersonsnominated2010m_m.pdf
  8. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1997. Politics Resources. 1 May 1997. Retrieved 2010-12-25. 
  9. ^ C. Rallings & M. Thrasher, The Media Guide to the New Parliamentary Constituencies, p.120 (Plymouth: LGC Elections Centre, 1995)
  10. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 Dec 2010. 

Coordinates: 51°24′04″N 0°10′34″W / 51.401°N 0.176°W / 51.401; -0.176