Mitchell, Queensland

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Mitchell
Queensland
Mitchell Maranoa River DSC03260.JPG
Looking downstream on the Maranoa River on the eastern side of Mitchell
Mitchell is located in Queensland
Mitchell
Mitchell
Coordinates 26°28′59″S 147°57′58″E / 26.48306°S 147.96611°E / -26.48306; 147.96611Coordinates: 26°28′59″S 147°57′58″E / 26.48306°S 147.96611°E / -26.48306; 147.96611
Population 944 (2006 census)[1]
Established 1864
Postcode(s) 4465
Elevation 336.3 m (1,103 ft)
Location
LGA(s) Maranoa Region
State electorate(s) Warrego
Federal Division(s) Maranoa
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
27.9 °C
82 °F
11.9 °C
53 °F
562.3 mm
22.1 in
Warrego Highway crossing the Maranoa.

Mitchell is a town in the Western Downs district of Maranoa Region, Queensland, Australia. It is on the Warrego Highway, 587 kilometres (365 mi) west of Brisbane and 176 kilometres (109 mi) east of Charleville.[2] At the 2006 census, Mitchell had a population of 944.[1]

The Warrego Highway passes through town to form the main street, Cambridge Street. The Maranoa River flows around the northern and eastern sides of the town before eventually flowing into the Balonne River.[3]

The town services the local area, a cattle and sheep farming district.

History[edit]

Before the arrival of Europeans, the Maranoa region was occupied by the Mandandanji and Gunggari Aboriginal peoples. Based on archaeological excavations in the Mount Moffatt area, it has been deduced that the Aboriginals had lived there for around 19,500 years. Descendants of the original peoples still live in and visit the area today.

The town is named after Sir Thomas Mitchell explorer and Surveyor General of New South Wales, who explored the area in 1846.[4] In 1854, Edmund Morey established the property of Mitchell Downs. When the original homestead was largely destroyed by a flood in 1864, Thomas Close acquired the building's ruins established the Maranoa Hotel. On 1 January 1865, Mitchell Downs Post Office opened and around 1878 was renamed Mitchell Post Office.[5]

In 1902, after a short stand-off, bushrangers Patrick and James Kenniff were captured south of Mitchell at a location now known as arrest creek. Patrick was hanged in 1903 for the murder of Constable George Doyle and Albert Dahlke, while James was released after 12 years imprisonment and died peacefully in 1940.[6]

Mitchell was once the administrative centre of the Shire of Booringa local government area. The town is now part of the Maranoa Region.

Facilities[edit]

Mitchell has a public library, heritage museum and the Maranoa art gallery also there is the many heritage listed buildings and The Great Artesian spa.

Heritage listings[edit]

Mitchell has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Climate[edit]

Mitchell has a humid subtropical climate with hot summers and cool to cold winters. On 15 August 1979 Mitchell recorded a minimum temperature of −9.4 °C (15.0 °F), which is the 3rd coldest temperature ever recorded in Queensland.[10]

Climate data for Mitchell
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 46.8
(116.2)
43.0
(109.4)
41.0
(105.8)
36.5
(97.7)
33.0
(91.4)
30.2
(86.4)
29.2
(84.6)
36.2
(97.2)
38.0
(100.4)
40.8
(105.4)
42.0
(107.6)
46.2
(115.2)
46.8
(116.2)
Average high °C (°F) 34.4
(93.9)
33.3
(91.9)
31.7
(89.1)
28.1
(82.6)
23.6
(74.5)
20.2
(68.4)
19.9
(67.8)
22.3
(72.1)
26.3
(79.3)
29.7
(85.5)
31.9
(89.4)
33.9
(93)
27.9
(82.2)
Average low °C (°F) 20.2
(68.4)
19.8
(67.6)
16.8
(62.2)
11.9
(53.4)
7.7
(45.9)
4.2
(39.6)
2.8
(37)
4.1
(39.4)
7.8
(46)
12.5
(54.5)
16.1
(61)
18.6
(65.5)
11.9
(53.4)
Record low °C (°F) 10.1
(50.2)
8.8
(47.8)
4.0
(39.2)
−0.9
(30.4)
−6.4
(20.5)
−6.2
(20.8)
−6.1
(21)
−9.4
(15.1)
−3.2
(26.2)
−1.4
(29.5)
3.6
(38.5)
7.5
(45.5)
−9.4
(15.1)
Rainfall mm (inches) 80.4
(3.165)
71.9
(2.831)
60.7
(2.39)
34.2
(1.346)
31.5
(1.24)
32.1
(1.264)
32.4
(1.276)
22.4
(0.882)
26.3
(1.035)
42.4
(1.669)
57.5
(2.264)
70.5
(2.776)
562.3
(22.138)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.2mm) 7.2 5.9 5.3 3.6 3.8 4.0 4.1 3.3 3.8 5.1 6.3 7.1 59.5
Source: Bureau of Meteorology[10]

Floods[edit]

In the March 2010 floods, the Maranoa River reached a peak of 13.4 m in the town causing an inundation of 25 houses.[11] The town experienced the worst flooding ever in 2012 when a monsoon trough hovered over central and southern Queensland.

Great Artesian Spa[edit]

The Great Artesian Spa was opened in 1998 and is situated in the town's aquatic centre. There are two pools of artesian water, one heated and the other designed for those who prefer a cooler experience. Both spa pools have been designed with disabled access in mind and facilities include a chairlift to allow easy access for physically disabled people.[12]

The water used in the spa pools is renewed regularly and comes from the Great Artesian Basin, which is one of the largest artesian basins in the world, which underlies around one-fifth of Australia.[13] It covers a total area of more than 1,711,000 square kilometres, and has been relied upon for the town water supply since 1927.[14][15]

Notable people[edit]

The 15th Prime Minister of Australia, Francis Forde was born in Mitchell. He is Australia's shortest serving Prime Minister, with a term lasting just eight days. He was also Australia's longest living Prime Minister,[16] until surpassed by Gough Whitlam on 21 January 2009.

Water supply[edit]

The water supply for the town comes from three bores. The depth of the bores is about 1,000 metres. The water is pumped into a large concrete water tower on the western side of the town. The water is hot when it emerges from the ground, and in the tank it is about 50 °C. Houses close to the tank, have free hot water. In fact it is necessary to cool the water before it can be used.

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Mitchell (L) (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 13 June 2011. 
  2. ^ Queensland holidays – places to visit – outback – Queensland holidays. Retrieved 1 March 2009
  3. ^ Queensland natural resources and water – "Maranoa river at Mitchell". Retrieved 1 March 2009
  4. ^ Queensland Natural Resources and Water – Place Name Search – Retrieved 7 December 2006
  5. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 30 November 2011. 
  6. ^ The Kenniff centenary moot. Mitchell, Queensland. 22 June 2002.
  7. ^ "Mitchell War Memorial (entry 14813)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 11 July 2013. 
  8. ^ "Mitchell State School (1914 Building) (entry 15850)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 11 July 2013. 
  9. ^ "Mitchell Railway Station (entry 15851)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 11 July 2013. 
  10. ^ a b "Mitchell Post Office". Climate statistics for Australian locations. Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 3 March 2013. 
  11. ^ "Queensland town braces for worst flood". news.com.au (News Limited). 4 February 2012. Retrieved 27 April 2012. 
  12. ^ visit Mitchell – relaxation – Great artesian spa. retrieved 1 March 2009.
  13. ^ "The Great Artesian Basin". QLD Department of Environment and Resource Management. Retrieved 30 November 2011. 
  14. ^ Queensland natural resources and water – The great artesian basin. Retrieved 1 March 2009.
  15. ^ Region – Booringa online – "Mitchell". Retrieved 1 March 2009.
  16. ^ Scaramouche. "Prime Minister – Francis Michael Forde". Archived from the original on 22 November 2011. Retrieved 30 November 2011. 

External links[edit]