Mitchell County, Iowa

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Mitchell County, Iowa
Mitchell County Courthouse, Osage.jpg
Courthouse located in Osage is on the NRHP
Map of Iowa highlighting Mitchell County
Location in the state of Iowa
Map of the United States highlighting Iowa
Iowa's location in the U.S.
Founded 1851
Named for John Mitchel
Seat Osage
Largest city Osage
Area
 • Total 469.40 sq mi (1,216 km2)
 • Land 468.92 sq mi (1,214 km2)
 • Water 0.47 sq mi (1 km2), 0.10%
Population
 • (2010) 10,776
 • Density 23/sq mi (9/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.mitchellcoia.us

Mitchell County is a county located in the U.S. state of Iowa. The population was 10,776 in the 2010 census, a decline from 10,874 in the 2000 census.[1] The county seat is Osage.[2] It is named in honor of John Mitchel.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 469.40 square miles (1,215.7 km2), of which 468.92 square miles (1,214.5 km2) (or 99.90%) is land and 0.47 square miles (1.2 km2) (or 0.10%) is water.[3]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

History[edit]

Mitchell County was founded in 1851. It was named after John Mitchel, an Irish patriot.[4] The county's courthouse was completed in 1858,[5] and it is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 3,409
1870 9,582 181.1%
1880 14,363 49.9%
1890 13,299 −7.4%
1900 14,916 12.2%
1910 13,435 −9.9%
1920 13,921 3.6%
1930 14,065 1.0%
1940 14,121 0.4%
1950 13,945 −1.2%
1960 14,043 0.7%
1970 13,108 −6.7%
1980 12,329 −5.9%
1990 10,928 −11.4%
2000 10,874 −0.5%
2010 10,776 −0.9%
Est. 2012 10,725 −0.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
2012 Estimate[7]

2010 census[edit]

The 2010 census recorded a population of 10,776 in the county, with a population density of 22.9805/sq mi (8.8728/km2). There were 4,850 housing units, of which 4,395 were occupied.[1]

2000 census[edit]

2000 Census Age Pyramid for Mitchell County

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Mitchell County's 99% White population makes it the county with the smallest percentage of minorities.[8]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 10,874 people, 4,294 households, and 2,984 families residing in the county. The population density was 23 people per square mile (9/km²). There were 4,594 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 99.27% White, 0.17% Black or African American, 0.07% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.07% from other races, and 0.21% from two or more races. 0.58% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 4,294 households out of which 30.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.80% were married couples living together, 5.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.50% were non-families. 27.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.50% under the age of 18, 6.10% from 18 to 24, 24.20% from 25 to 44, 21.70% from 45 to 64, and 21.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 95.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,843, and the median income for a family was $41,233. Males had a median income of $29,601 versus $22,054 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,809. About 7.00% of families and 10.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.50% of those under age 18 and 8.10% of those age 65 or over.

Politics[edit]

Mitchell County was the whitest county in the country, at 99.27%, to vote for Barack Obama in the 2008 Presidential election. Obama garnered 56% of the vote, while John McCain received 44%.[10]

Communities[edit]

Incorporated cities[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Population & Housing Occupancy Status 2010". United States Census Bureau American FactFinder. Retrieved May 23, 2011. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  4. ^ Mitchell County
  5. ^ "Mitchell County Courthouse". Iowa Judicial Branch. Retrieved 2011-02-20. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved August 3, 2013. 
  7. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved August 3, 2013. 
  8. ^ Census Bureau data, cited in "Minorities now in the majority in nearly 10% of U.S. counties", Associated Press August 8, 2007, Lexington Herald-Leader p A8
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  10. ^ NYT Electoral explorer

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°21′20″N 92°47′23″W / 43.35556°N 92.78972°W / 43.35556; -92.78972