Mithrenes

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Mithrenes I
Satrap of Armenia
Reign 331 – 317 BC
Coronation 331 BC
Predecessor Orontes II
Successor Orontes III
Issue Orontes III
Full name
Mithrenes
House Armavir
Dynasty Orontid Dynasty
Father Orontes II
Died 317 BC

Mithrenes (Armenian: Միհրան, Greek: Mιθρένης or Mιθρίνης) was an Armenian commander of the Persian force that garrisoned the citadel of Sardis. After the battle of the Granicus Mithrines surrendered voluntarily to Alexander the Great, and was treated by him with great distinction. He fought for Alexander at Gaugamela, and ironically he was fighting against an army that included his father Orontes II. After the battle, Alexander appointed him Satrap of Armenia, as his father had been.

It's not clear, however, whether Mithrenes actually managed to take control of his satrapy. According to Curtius, in his speech given at Hecatompylos in 330 BC Alexander the Great listed Armenia among lands conquered by Macedonians, implying that Mithrenes succeeded in conquering it;[1] on the other hand, Justin reproduced Pompeius Trogus' rendition of a speech attributed to Mithridates VI of Pontus, which mentioned that Alexander did not conquer Armenia.[2]

In summary, Mithrenes ruled on behalf of the new Macedonian regime. However after the death of Alexander III, Neoptolemus was made Satrap of Armenia from 323 to 321 BC.[3]

After the death of Neoptolemus, and the struggles going on with the Diadochi it seems Mithrenes not only returned to his ancestral seat but declared himself king.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Curtius, Historiae Alexandri Magni, vi. 3
  2. ^ Justin, Epitoma Historiarum Philippicarum Pompei Trogi, xxxviii. 7
  3. ^ Neoptolemus (general)

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1870). "article name needed". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.