This club was founded in 1979, where they were named Niac Mitra or Mitra Surabaya in the 1990s. After relegated to First Division, the club moved to Palangkaraya, Central Kalimantan and were renamed to Mitra Kalteng Putra (MKP) in 1999. At the end of 2001 season, the club was relegated to the Second Division. Financial problems made the club to be loaned to H Suryanto Anwar, making them moved to Tenggarong, Kutai Kartanegara, East Kalimantan, where they were renamed to Mitra Kukar. The new ownership made a great impact. On the end of the 2003 season, Mitra Kukar succeeded to be promoted to First Division. On the 2005 season, the new owner fully bought Mitra Kukar. By the end of 2007 season, Mitra Kukar succeeded to be promoted to Premier Division, after finishing first in the group stage. On the 2010/2011 Premier Division, Mitra Kukar was promoted to Indonesia Super League after finishing third in the final round.