Mitre Line (Buenos Aires)
A train bound to Retiro.
|Service type||Commuter rail|
|Locale||Buenos Aires Province|
|Current operator(s)||Corredores Ferroviarios S.A.|
|Ridership||15 million (2013) |
José L. Suárez
Capilla del Señor
|Distance travelled||180 km (110 mi)|
|Average journey time||75' [a]
|Service frequency||20' [a]
7 trains per day [e]
|Track gauge||1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in)|
|Track owner(s)||Government of Argentina|
The Mitre line is an Argentine broad gauge commuter rail service in Buenos Aires Province as part of Ferrocarril General Bartolomé Mitre. The service is currently operated by "Corredores Ferroviarios S.A." after the Government of Argentina gave it under concession on February 12, 2014.
This line had previously been run by the state-owned company Ferrocarriles Argentinos since nationalisation of the Argentine railways in 1948. FA operated the trains until 1991 when residual company FEMESA temporarily took over all the urban services prior to be privatized. After the Government of Carlos Menem privatized the urban railways services private company Trenes de Buenos Aires (TBA) took over Mitre Line.
In the metropolitan sector of the City of Buenos Aires there is an electrified commuter branch that operates from the Retiro railway terminus in the Buenos Aires neighbourhood of Retiro, to several suburban locations in Greater Buenos Aires.
When the Government of Argentina decided to privatize all the urban railway services in 1992, the Mitre Line was given in concession to Trenes de Buenos Aires (or TBA, which also took over Sarmiento Line) through Decree N° 730/95.
During the first two years of concession, TBA met the requeriments specified on the contract, about the frequency of the service, with an average of 98%. By February 1999 the consortium had invested USD 200 million including the reconstruction of 220 Toshiba wagons, the remodelation of 13 stations and workshops. In addition, a new ticket selling system was introduced with the installation of vending machines.
One of the most notable improvements was the introduction of "Puma" coaches in the Retiro-Tigre branch. This coaches were built by local factory Emprendimientos Ferroviarios S.A. (EMFER) and featured air conditioning, ABS brakes and computer-supervising systems.
In 1997 the Government decided to modify the contracts of concession with a plan of modernization for USD 2,500 million. The future investments required to acquire 492 brand-new electric coaches, refurbishing of more than 100 km of existing tracks, and the installation of new signalling, among other improvements.
Nevertheless, the Government of Fernando De la Rúa (who had come to power in 1999) made changes to the original project, reducing the amount of the budget to USD 1,300 million. To a compensation to the companies, the State granted subsidies to TBA (and the rest of the private operators) as a way to compensate the losses and avoid tariffs to increase.
Due to this politic and the lack of investments in Mitre Line, the quality of the service decreased considerably. TBA operated the line until the 2012 Once station rail disaster happened. As a result, the National Government revoked the concession granted to TBA and gave the Mitre and Sarmiento to State operator UGOMS, that run the line until 2014 when it was given under concession to Corredores Ferroviarios S.A.
In 2014 the Government announced the acquisition of new coaches to increase the Mitre Line rolling stock. The coaches were manufactured by Chinese company CSR Corporation Limited, the first to arrive in June 2014.
Map of the line
- Retiro-J.L. Suárez
- J.L. Suárez-Zárate
- Victoria-Capilla del Señor
- "Sin controles, se desplomó la venta de boletos en los trenes", La Nación, 14 Jan 2014
- "Trenes: le dan a Roggio el Mitre y el San Martín y a Emepa, el Roca y el Belgrano Sur", La Nación, 12 Feb 2014
- "Las privadas volverán a operar la mayoría de las líneas ferroviarias", Clarín, 12 Feb 2014
- "El Gobierno estableció un nuevo régimen de operaciones de las líneas ferroviarias", Telam, 12 Feb 2014
- Detalle de los coches Puma en sitio web de EMFER (Archive)
- "CSR fleet enters service in Buenos Aires", Railway Gazette International, 10 June 2013
- "Ya está en viaje la primera de las 25 formaciones para la línea Sarmiento", Telam, 7 Jan 2014
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Trenes de Buenos Aires.|