Mitsubishi 4N1 engine

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Manufacturer Mitsubishi Motors
Production 2010–present
Combustion chamber
Cylinder block alloy Aluminium die cast
Cylinder head alloy Aluminium die cast
Valvetrain DOHC, 16 valves, variable valve timing MIVEC (intake)
Turbocharger variable geometry turbocharger, intercooler
Fuel system common rail injection

The Mitsubishi 4N1 engine is a family of all-alloy four-cylinder diesel engines developed by Mitsubishi Motors, produced at the company's powertrain facility in Kyoto, Japan for use in Mitsubishi's small to mid-sized global passenger cars.[1][2][3]

In June 2006, Mitsubishi Motors and Mitsubishi Heavy Industries announced a joint development project for a new generation of clean diesel engines to be used in cars exported to Europe with a target of beginning mass production in 2010[2] and later announced that the engines will be gradually phased into other global markets.[3][4]

The preliminary version of the 1798 cc engine was first seen in the Concept-cX test car introduced in 2007. The larger 2268 cc was first exhibited in the Concept-ZT test car introduced in the same year and later used in the Concept-RA test car introduced in 2008.[5][6][7][8]

With a clean diesel emission performance in mind, all engines are designed to comply with Tier 2 Bin 5 emission regulations in the United States, Euro 5 standard in Europe and Japan's Post New Long Term regulations.[1][3][8]

Together with Mitsubishi's electric vehicle technology the new diesel engines are positioned as a core element in the Mitsubishi Motors Environment Initiative Program 2010 (EIP 2010) announced in July 2006.[3][9]

The 4N1 engine family is the world's first to feature a variable valve timing (intake side) system applied to passenger car diesel engines.[10]

All engines developed within this family have aluminum cylinder block, double overhead camshaft layouts, four valves per cylinder, a common rail injection system with a variable geometry turbocharger and MIVEC variable valve timing.

Engine family characteristics[edit]

Mitsubishi's new clean diesel engines use a 200 MPa (2,000 bar) high-pressure common rail injection system to improve combustion efficiency. The 4N13 1.8-liter uses solenoid fuel-injectors. The larger 4N14 2.3-liter engine uses piezo fuel-injectors that produce a finer fuel spray. Both engines feature a fast ceramic glowplug system. The engines are designed to operate at a lower compression ratio, thus lowering the combustion pressure, allowing the use of an aluminium cylinder block that reduces weight.[1][11]

The 4N13 1.8-liter engine uses a Variable Geometry (VG) turbocharger with a variable vane turbine, which provides optimal boost pressure control for different driving conditions. The 4N14 2.3-liter engine also uses a VG turbocharger plus a Variable Diffuser (VD) that uses both variable geometry vanes in the turbine housing and a compressor with variable vanes in the diffuser passage, further improving combustion efficiency.[1][11]

Within the engine, Mitsubishi used an offset angle crankshaft that reduces friction, therefore noise and vibration, allowing the engine to run smoothly and quietly at all engine speeds.[1][11]

To meet the requirements of global emissions standards, Mitsubishi developed a new catalyst system that combines a Diesel Oxidation Catalyst (DOC), NOx Trap Catalyst (NTC) and Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF).[1][11]



Engine type Inline 4-cylinder, DOHC 16v, MIVEC (intake)
Displacement 1.8 L (1798 cc)
Bore 83 mm
Stroke 83.1 mm
Compression ratio 14.9:1 
Turbocharger variable geometry turbocharger, intercooler
Fuel system Common rail with solenoid injectors
Peak power 110 kW (150 PS) at 4000 rpm
85 kW (116 PS) at 4000 rpm (low power version)
Peak torque 300 N·m (221 lb·ft) at 2000-3000 rpm




Engine type Inline 4-cylinder, DOHC 16v, MIVEC
Displacement 2.3 L (2268 cc)
Bore 86 mm
Stroke 97.6 mm
Turbocharger variable geometry turbocharger / variable diffuser, intercooler
Fuel system Common rail with piezo injectors
Peak power 130 kW (177 PS) at 3500 rpm [12]
Peak torque 380 N·m (280 lb·ft) at 2000 rpm


See also[edit]


External links[edit]