Mitsubishi Outlander

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For the vehicle known in the United States as the Mitsubishi Outlander Sport, see Mitsubishi RVR.
Mitsubishi Outlander
Mitsubishi Outlander 24G 0490.JPG
Overview
Manufacturer Mitsubishi Motors
Also called Mitsubishi Airtrek (2001–05)
Production 2001–present
Designer Olivier Boulay (Outlander)
Body and chassis
Class Crossover SUV
Body style 4-door SUV
Layout Front engine, front-/four-wheel drive

The Mitsubishi Outlander is a mid-size crossover manufactured by Japanese automaker Mitsubishi Motors. It was originally known as the Mitsubishi Airtrek when it was introduced in Japan in 2001, and was based on the Mitsubishi ASX concept vehicle exhibited at the 2001 North American International Auto Show. It was sold at Mitsubishi Japan dealership chain called Car Plaza. The ASX (Active Sports Crossover) represented Mitsubishi's approach to the industry wide SUV trend for retaining the all-season and off-road abilities offered by a high ground clearance and four-wheel drive, while still offering car-like levels of emissions, economy and size.[1]

The original Airtrek name was chosen to "describe the vehicle’s ability to transport its passengers on adventure-packed journeys in a 'free-as-a-bird' manner",[2] and was "coined from Air and Trek to express the idea of footloose, adventure-filled motoring pleasure."[3] The Outlander nameplate which replaced it evoked a "feeling of journeying to distant, unexplored lands in search of adventure."[2]

The second generation of the vehicle was introduced in 2005 and all markets including Japan adopted the Outlander name, although production of the older version continued in parallel. It was built on the company's GS platform, and used various engines developed by Mitsubishi, Volkswagen and PSA Peugeot Citroën. PSA's Citroën C-Crosser and Peugeot 4007, which are manufactured by Mitsubishi in Japan, are badge engineered versions of the Outlander.[4]

As part of the third generation line-up, Mitsubishi launched in January 2013 a plug-in hybrid model called Outlander P-HEV. As of June 2014, about 33,000 units have been sold worldwide,[5] with Europe as the leading market with over 17,235 units,[6] followed by Japan with 15,361 units sold.[7][8] During the first half of 2014 the Outlander P-HEV was the top selling plug-in electric vehicle in Europe with 9,038 units,[9][10] and with total sales of 14,810 units sold globally, ranked as the world's second top selling plug-in electric car after the Nissan Leaf during this period.[11]

First generation[edit]

First generation
2003-2005 Mitsubishi Outlander -- 03-16-2012 2.JPG
Overview
Also called Mitsubishi Airtrek
Production 2001–08 (Airtrek)
2003–06 (Outlander)
Assembly Okazaki, Aichi, Japan (Nagoya Plant)
Body and chassis
Platform CU2W/CU4W/CU5W[clarification needed]
Related Mitsubishi Lancer
Mitsubishi Grandis
Mitsubishi RVR
Powertrain
Engine 4G63 2.0 L DOHC I4
4G64 2.4 L DOHC GDI I4
4G63T 2.0 L DOHC I4 turbo
4G69 2.4 L I4 (Outlander)
Transmission

5-speed manual
'4-/5-speed INVECS-II semi-auto

4-speed
5-speed (turbo)
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,625 mm (103.3 in)
Length 4,410 mm (173.6 in) (Airtrek)
4,545 mm (178.9 in) (Outlander)
Width 1,750–1,780 mm (68.9–70.1 in)
Height 1,540–1,585 mm (60.6–62.4 in) (Airtrek)
1,605–1,685 mm (63.2–66.3 in) (Outlander)
Curb weight 1,605–1,745 kg (3,538–3,847 lb)
2001 Mitsubishi Airtrek (JDM)

The Airtrek was first introduced to the Japanese market on June 20, 2001, priced from ¥1.7–2.3 million. It offered a choice of either a 126 PS (93 kW) 4G63 2.0 L or a 139 PS (102 kW) 4G64 2.4 L GDI, mated to a standard INVECS-II 4-speed semi-automatic transmission. Both front- and four-wheel drive were available. The four-wheel drive version uses open differentials for the front and rear axles, with a viscous coupling unit for the center differential. A high performance model, using a detuned version of the Mitsubishi Lancer Evolution's 4G63T 2.0 L I4 turbo, was introduced in 2002.[12] The engine produced 240 PS (180 kW) and 343 N·m (253 lb·ft), although in export markets the Outlander version's output was reduced to 202 PS (149 kW) and 303 N·m (223 lb·ft). The return of four-cylinder engines under 2.0 liters offered Japanese buyers a vehicle that was in compliance with Japanese regulations concerning exterior dimensions and engine displacement, however, the exterior dimensions exceed Japanese regulations for the "compact" designation.

The Outlander arrived in 2003 in North America, replacing the Mitsubishi Montero Sport, with a modified front grille and headlights which increased the overall length by approximately 130 millimetres (5.1 in), and the two models were manufactured in parallel thereafter. It shared its platform with the Mitsubishi Grandis, also introduced in 2003.[citation needed] A version of the 4G64 powerplant was offered first, while a 4G69 2.4 L SOHC MIVEC I4 producing 120 kW (160 PS) and 220 N·m (160 lb·ft), and the turbocharged 4G63T appeared in 2004. All had the option of front- or four-wheel drive.

In several South American markets it was known as the Montero Outlander, to benefit from an association with the strong-selling Mitsubishi Montero Sport.

2006 Mitsubishi Outlander (US)

Second generation[edit]

Second generation
2nd Mitsubishi Outlander.jpg
Overview
Production 2005–2013
Model years 2007–2013 (North America)
Assembly Okazaki, Aichi, Japan (Nagoya Plant)
Born, Netherlands (NedCar)
Kaluga, Russia (PCMA plant)
Body and chassis
Platform Mitsubishi GS platform
Related Mitsubishi Lancer
Citroen C-Crosser
Peugeot 4007
Mitsubishi RVR
Mitsubishi Grandis
Dodge Caliber
Powertrain
Engine 4B11 2.0 L DOHC MIVEC I4 (Japan, New Zealand)
4B12 2.4 L DOHC MIVEC I4
6B31 3.0 L SOHC MIVEC V6
VW 2.0 L TDI
PSA DW12 2.2 L HDI
4N14 2.3 L Di-D MIVEC
Transmission 5-speed manual
6-speed manual
6-speed INVECS-III semi-auto
6-speed twin-clutch transmission
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,670 mm (105.1 in)
2008-09 (International): 2,830 mm (111.4 in)
Length 2006-07 (International)/2007-09 (US/Canada): 4,640 mm (182.7 in)
2008-09 (International): 4,765 mm (187.6 in)
2010- (International): 4,665 mm (183.7 in)
Width 1,800 mm (70.9 in)
2008-09 (International): 1,795 mm (70.7 in)
Height 2006-07 (International)/2007-09 (US/Canada): 1,680 mm (66.1 in)
2008-09 (International): 1,655 mm (65.2 in)
2010-: 1,720 mm (67.7 in)
Curb weight 1,589–1,720 kg (3,503–3,792 lb)

On October 17, 2005, Mitsubishi launched the second generation model, dropping the Airtrek in Japan in favour of adopting the global name.[13] It features a new DOHC 2.4 L 16-valve MIVEC engine; INVECS-III continuously variable transmission (CVT), Mitsubishi's AWC system which features electronically controlled four wheel drive and stability control, on a stretched Mitsubishi GS platform. The North American version, powered by a newly designed 6B31 3.0 L V6 SOHC MIVEC was shown in April 2006 at the New York Auto Show prior to its release in October the same year. Due to the availability of a V6 engine, Mitsubishi returned to offering a shorter version of this vehicle, and reintroduced the Mitsubishi RVR February 17, 2010. The usage of a four-cylinder engine under 2.0 liters offers Japanese buyers a vehicle that was in compliance with Japanese regulations concerning exterior dimensions and engine displacement, which has tax advantages, giving buyers the ability to purchase a vehicle capable of seating seven people without paying the tax penalty of a larger engine.

The Outlander, which features Mitsubishi's RISE safety body, received a four star rating from the Euro NCAP car safety performance assessment programme.[14] One of its unique features is something Mitsubishi calls a "Flap-Fold Tailgate"; it is a two-piece tailgate integrated into the rear bumper that folds down for easy loading, while serving as a bench when the tailgate is open, able to accommodate up to 180 kg (400 lb)[15]

In its home market of Japan it was the best-selling SUV from October 2005 to March 2006,[16] while in the U.S. market it achieved 1,694 and 2,108 sales in November and December 2006, the first two full months it was available;[17][18] Mitsubishi ultimately hopes for at least 4,000 sales per month in the United States,[19] and after the cancellation of the Mitsubishi Grandis in model year 2011, the Outlander is now Mitsubishi's only MPV capable of carrying seven passengers with all wheel drive. In Chile, where both generations were on sale simultaneously, the new model was badged Outlander K2.

Facelifted European Outlander
2010 Mitsubishi Outlander XLS (US)
2011 Mitsubishi Outlander GT (US)

Increased demand for the new Mitsubishi Lancer, and the consequent effects on the capacity of the company's Mizushima production facility, have obliged Mitsubishi to reassess production of the Outlander. In September 2007, they announced that from 2008, production of European market Outlanders would be transferred from Nagoya to its NedCar plant in the Netherlands, while the Citroën C-Crosser and Peugeot 4007 would have their production transferred from Mizushima to Nagoya.[20]

The model was facelifted for the 2008 model year, although the 2007 grille carried over in the United States and Canada for 2008-09 until another facelift in the 2010 model year.

At the 2007 SEMA Show in Las Vegas, the company displayed a Mitsubishi Evolander (now known as Mitsubishi Outlander Ralliart) concept, powered by a 240 kW (330 PS) supercharged version of the vehicle's 6B31 V6 engine and equipped with suitably uprated suspension, brakes, wheels/tires, body kit and interior.[21] A second show car, an Outlander GT Prototype with a front grille based on the Mitsubishi Lancer Evolution X, was exhibited at the 2009 New York International Auto Show,[22] and formed the basis of the facelifted model introduced in late 2009.[23]

Along with a major facelift for the 2010 model year, the top end Outlander XLS (GT in the US) introduced a new colour MFD dashboard display and the Mitsubishi S-AWC AWD system. The lower trims retain the previous MFD and the less advanced AWC AWD system. Likewise, the interior was also slightly revised to incorporate leather into the dashboard trim and doors.

Third generation[edit]

Third generation
Mitsubishi Outlander 2.2 DI-D 4WD Instyle (III) – Frontansicht, 23. September 2012, Hilden.jpg
Overview
Production 2012–
Model years 2013–
Assembly Okazaki, Aichi, Japan (Nagoya Plant)
Kaluga, Russia (PCMA Rus)
Body and chassis
Platform Mitsubishi GS platform
Powertrain
Engine 2.0L 4B11 I4 (PHEV)
2.0L 4J11 I4
2.4L 4B12 I4 [24]
2.4L 4J12 I4 [25]
2.2L 4N14 TD I4 [26]
3.0L 6B31 V6 (USA) [27]
Transmission 5-speed manual
6-speed manual
6-speed automatic
CVT
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,670 mm (105.1 in)
Length 4,655 mm (183.3 in)
Width 1,800 mm (70.9 in)
Height 1,680 mm (66.1 in)
Curb weight 1,395–1,820 kg (3,075–4,012 lb) [28]

Mitsubishi unveiled the third-generation Outlander at the 2012 Geneva Motor Show. The production version of the Outlander was debuted in Russia in July 2012, and was introduced in other European markets in September 2012.[29]

Plug-in hybrid[edit]

The third generation includes a plug-in hybrid variant, called P-HEV, and its production version was unveiled at the 2012 Paris Motor Show. The plug-in hybrid has a 2.0-liter 4-cylinder MIVEC gasoline engine and the electric powertrain is derived from the electric systems used on the Mitsubishi i MiEV. According to Mitsubishi its 300V 12 kWh lithium-ion battery pack[30] delivers an all-electric range of 60 km (37 mi) with a top speed of 120 km/h (75 mph). Mitsubishi's target was to achieve a combined fuel economy for the Outlander P-HEV in charge-depleting mode of 67 km/liter equivalent, or about 157 miles per gallon gasoline equivalent (MPGe). Fuel economy in hybrid mode is 44 mpg-US (5.3 L/100 km).[29][31]

Outlander P-HEV cutaway showing the location of the 12 kWh lithium-ion battery pack under the seats.

Sales began in Japan by late January 2013, becoming the first SUV plug-in hybrid in the market. Retail prices vary from ¥3,324,000 (US$36,650) to ¥4,297,000 (US$47,380).[31][32] The European version was unveiled at the 2013 Geneva Motor Show and was slated be released for retail sales in July 2013. The European version is similar to the Japanese model except for minor adjustments to comply with EU requirements, and Mitsubishi expects an emission rating of 44 g/km.[33] Sales in Australia were originally scheduled for June 2013.[34] The introduction in the United States was initially scheduled for January 2014.[31] Due to the initial production battery problems, European deliveries to retail customers started in October 2013, beginning by the Netherlands and followed by the Nordic countries.[35][36] The introduction in the United States was delayed until 2015.[37]

Sales

As of June 2014, about 33,000 units have been sold worldwide,[5] led by the European market with over 17,235 units,[6] up from 8,197 units delivered in 2013,[38] and followed by Japan with 15,361 units sold.[7][8] As of August 2014, European sales are led by the Netherlands with 14,195 units registered,[39] followed by Sweden with 1,692 units,[40][41] and Norway with 1,092 units by mid-September 2014.[42] During the first half of 2014 the Outlander P-HEV was the top selling plug-in electric vehicle in Europe with 9,038 units,[9][10] and with total sales of 14,791 units sold globally,[6][7][38] ranked as the world's second top selling plug-in electric car after the Nissan Leaf.[11]

The Mitsubishi Outlander P-HEV was released in Japan in January 2013

The Outlander P-HEV topped the Swedish monthly ranking of new car sales during November 2013, representing a market share of 6.8% of new passenger cars sold that month, and for the first time in the country, a plug-in electric vehicle was listed as the top selling new car.[43][44] In December 2013, the Outlander plug-in hybrid ranked again as the top selling new car that month in the Netherlands, representing a 12.6% market share of new car sales.[45] Dutch sales of the Mitsubishi Outlander P-HEV reached the 10,000 unit milestone in April 2014.[46] The Outlander P-HEV leads total registrations of the plug-in electric car segment in the Netherlands as of June 2014.[39]

Sales of the Outlander plug-in version represent 13.2% of the SUV global sales during the first eleven months of 2013.[47] During the first half of 2014, a total of 18,398 Mitsubishi Outlanders were sold in Europe, up 94% from the same period in 2013. Of these, the plug-in version represented 49.1% of the model sales (9,038 units).[48]

The following table presents retail sales and registrations for the top selling national markets by year through June 2014.

Mitsubishi Outlander P-HEV
sales/registrations by country
2013 - June 2014
Country Cumulative
2013-2014(1)
2Q
2014
2013
 Japan[7] 15,361 5,763 9,608
 Netherlands[39][49] 13,129 5,090 8,039
 Sweden[40][50] 1,290 1,194 96
 Norway[51] 818 818
 UK[52] 542 542
 Germany[53] 507 507
 France[54] 164 164
 Belgium[55] 77 77(2)
 Italy[56] 43 43
 Austria[57] 33 33
Global sales[6][7][38] ~32,596 14,791 17,805
Notes: (1) CYTD sales through 30 June 2014.
(2) Sales in Belgium through May 2014.
Reception

The Outlander P-HEV was selected as one of the top five finalists for the 2014 World Green Car of the Year. The winner will be announced on April 17, 2014 at the New York International Auto Show.[58]

Battery incident

In March 2013 Mitsubishi Motors reported two separate incidents with lithium-ion batteries used in two of its plug-in electric cars. The lithium-ion battery of a Mitsubishi i-MiEV all-electric car caught fire at the Mizushima battery pack assembly plant on March 18 while connected to a charge-discharge test equipment. In March 21 the battery pack of an Outlander P-HEV at a dealership in Yokohama overheated and melted some of the battery cells, after the vehicle had been fully charged and stood for one day. Nobody was injured in either incident. The battery packs are produced by GS Yuasa, the same company that supplies the batteries for the Boeing 787 Dreamliner, whose entire fleet was grounded in January 2013 for battery problems.[59][60] Mitsubishi did not issue a recall but halted production and sales of the two models until it determines the causes of the battery problems. The carmaker advised the 4,000 owners of the Outlander plug-in hybrid to drive only on gasoline mode for the time being.[59][61] On August 19, 2013, after changing a production process to avoid damaging any batteries, Mitsubishi restarted production of the Outlander plug-in hybrid.[62]

Annual production and sales[edit]

Year Production Sales
Airtrek Outlander Airtrek (Japan) Airtrek (export) Outlander (Japan) Outlander (export)
2001 21,245 - 19,160 601 - -
2002 68,431 - 14,132 45,845 - 7,060
2003 77,331 - 7,427 7,917 - 60,512
2004 60,817 - 3,198 320 - 56,997
2005 49,596 21,173 1,030 302 18,919 48,822
2006 31,326 81,883 10 248 16,734 91,693
2007 10,857 170,084 - - 11,194 157,292
2008 5,714 129,383 - - 6,531 115,849
2009 - 98,718 - - 7,638 89,919
2010 - 124,345 - - 6,852 116,672
2011 - 96,261 - - 4,249 93,828
2012 - 105,995 - - 8,439 95,305

(sources: Facts & Figures 2005, Facts & Figures 2009, Facts & Figures 2013, Mitsubishi Motors website)

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "Mitsubishi Motors' ASX Concept at Detroit Show gives sneak peak at the next generation Global Multi-Activity Vehicle", Mitsubishi-Motors.com press release, January 10, 2001
  2. ^ a b Fact & Figures 2005, p.33, Mitsubishi Motors website
  3. ^ "MMC announces smart all-rounder AIRTREK model", Mitsubishi-Motors.com press release, June 20, 2001
  4. ^ "New Peugeot/Citroen off-roader", Motoring.co.za, October 30, 2006
  5. ^ a b Sebastian Blanco (2014-07-30). "Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV sales reach 33,000 worldwide". Autoblog Green. Retrieved 2014-07-30. 
  6. ^ a b c d Mark Kane (2014-07-141). "Outlander PHEV Drives Up Mitsubishi Sales In Europe". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 2014-07-30. 
  7. ^ a b c d e "三菱 i-MiEVなどの2014年6月度、2014年1~6月 生産・販売・輸出実績" [Mitsubishi i-MiEV sales results for June 2014] (in Japanese). Electric Vehicle News. 2014-07-30. Retrieved 2014-08-06.  Cumulative Outlander P-HEVs sales in Japan through through June 2014 totaled 15,361 units, consisting of 9,608 units sold in 2013 and 5,753 during the first half of 2014..
  8. ^ a b "三菱自動車 2014年6月度、2014年1~6月 生産・販売・輸出実績" [June 2014 Mitsubishi Motors, production, sales and export results January-June 2014] (in Japanese). Mitsubishi Motros. 2014-07-30. Retrieved 2014-07-30.  A total of 1,300 Outlander P-HEVs, 41 i-MiEV sales and 17 Minicabs were sold in Japan in June 2014. .
  9. ^ a b Michaël Torregrossa (2014-08-04). "Europe – Plus de 40.000 véhicules rechargeables vendus au premier semestre 2014" [Europe - Over 40,000 plug-in vehicles sold in the first half of 2014] (in French). Association pour l'Avenir du Véhicule Electrique Méditerranéen (AVEM). Retrieved 2014-08-09. 
  10. ^ a b Jose Pontes (2014-07-28). "Europe June 2014 (Updated)". EVSales.com. Retrieved 2014-07-29.  A total of 9,038 Outlander P-HEVs were sold in Europe during the first half of 2014.
  11. ^ a b Jose Pontes (2014-07-30). "World Top 20 June 2014 (Special Edition)". EVSales.com. Retrieved 2014-07-30. 
  12. ^ "Mitsubishi Motors exhibits at 37 th Tokyo Motor Show", Mitsubishi Motors press release, October 15, 2003
  13. ^ "Mitsubishi Motors launches all-new Outlander", Mitsubishi-Motors.com press release, October 17, 2005
  14. ^ Mitsubishi Outlander, EuroNCAP[dead link]
  15. ^ Mitsubishi Sales Brochure printed January 2011
  16. ^ "New Mitsubishi Outlander Japan's Best Selling SUV", WorldCarFans.com, April 21, 2006
  17. ^ "All-New Outlander Leads Mitsubishi To November Sales Increase", Mitsubishi Motors North America press release, December 1, 2006
  18. ^ "December Auto Sales: Mitsubishi", Associated Press/BusinessWeek, January 3, 2007
  19. ^ "New products need to be hits for Mitsubishi to stay in U.S. market", Kathy Jackson, Automotive News, May 30, 2006
  20. ^ "Mitsubishi Motors transfers Outlander production for Europe", Mitsubishi Motors press release, September 18, 2007
  21. ^ "Mitsubishi Evolander", Josh Jacquot, Inside Line: 2006 SEMA Show, Edmunds.com
  22. ^ New York: Mitsubishi Outlander GT Prototype gets a EVOplasty snarl, Autoblog, April 8, 2009
  23. ^ "New Mitsubishi Outlander Reveals Aggressive Styling And Upgraded Features", Voxy.co.nz, November 10, 2009
  24. ^ "Outlander Product Catalog". Mitsubishi Motors Corporation. Retrieved 6 December 2013. 
  25. ^ "Mitsubishi Outlander Specsheet - Japan". Mitsubishi. Retrieved 2013-01-26. 
  26. ^ "Full Specifications". Mitsubishi UK. 
  27. ^ "Mitsubishi Motors USA Outlander Technical Specifications". Retrieved 2013-06-27. 
  28. ^ "Mitsubishi Motors Australia Outlander Technical Specifications". Retrieved 2013-06-27. 
  29. ^ a b Seyth Miersma (2012-09-28). "Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV is world's first production plug-in hybrid CUV [w/video]". Autoblog. Retrieved 2012-09-30. 
  30. ^ "Outlander PHEV Regenerative Braking". 2014-05-27. 
  31. ^ a b c Jay Cole (2013-01-24). "Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV On Sale In Japan Today, Extended Promotional Video Released". Inside EVs. Retrieved 2013-01-28. 
  32. ^ Derek Kreindler (2012-03-07). "Geneva 2012: Mitsubishi Outlander Gets Plug-In Variant, 31 Mile EV Range". The Truth About Cars. Retrieved 2012-03-09. 
  33. ^ Michaël Torregrossa (2013-01-29). "Mitsubishi présentera la version européenne de l’Outlander PHEV à Genève" [Mitsubishi will present the European version of the Outlander PHEV in Geneva] (in French). Association pour l'Avenir du Véhicule Electrique Méditerranéen (AVEM). Retrieved 2013-01-30. 
  34. ^ Szostech, Mike. "Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV sells 500 in 1 week". Retrieved 1 March 2013. 
  35. ^ Philippe Crowe (2013-10-22). "Outlander PHEV Now On Sale In Europe". HybridCars.com. Retrieved 2013-10-25. 
  36. ^ "Le Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV arrive en Europe" [The Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV arrives in Europe] (in French). AutoJournal.fr. 2013-09-13. Retrieved 2013-09-25. 
  37. ^ Jeff Cobb (2013-09-24). "US-Market Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV Delayed Until 2015". HybridCars.com. Retrieved 2013-09-25. 
  38. ^ a b c Mark Kane (2014-01-20). "8,197 Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV Sold In Europe In 2013; Almost All In Netherlands". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 2014-01-26. 
  39. ^ a b c Rijksdienst voor Ondernemend Nederland (RVO) (September 2014). "Cijfers elektrisch vervoer - Aantal geregistreerde elektrische voertuigen in Nederland - Top 5 geregistreerde modellen plug-in hybride elektrische voertuigen (31-08-2014) - Top 5 geregistreerde modellen volledig elektrische voertuigen (31-08-2014)" [Figures electric transport - Number of registered electric vehicles in Netherlands, Top 5 registered plug-in electric hybrid vehicle models (08-31-2014) and Top 5 registered all-electric vehicle models (08-31-2014)] (in Dutch). RVO (Dutch National Office for Enterprising). Retrieved 2014-09-17.  See under the heading "31-12-2013" and "31-08-2014" for total registrations figures at the end of December 2013 and August 2014 respectively.
  40. ^ a b Bil Sweden (2014-01-02). "Nyregistreringar december 2013 prel" [New registrations in December 2013 prel] (in Swedish). Bil Sweden. Retrieved 2014-01-03.  Download file "Nyregistreringar december 2013 prel.pdf" see table "NYREGISTRERADE SUPERMILJÖBILAR DECEMBER 2013" with summary of PEV sales by model for 2013 and 2012.
  41. ^ Bil Sweden (2014-09-17). "Nyregistreringar augusti 2014" [New registrations in August 2014] (in Swedish). Bil Sweden. Retrieved 2014-09-01.  Download file "Nyregistreringar augusti 2014.pdf" with PEV sales by model between January and August 2014.
  42. ^ Hanne Hattrem and Øystein Larsen-Vonstett (2014-09-14). "Forventer eksplosjon i elbilsalget: 34.000 elbiler ut på veien det neste året" [Expecting explosion in electric car sales: 34,000 new EVs on the road next year]. Verdens Gang (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2014-09-17. 
  43. ^ Automotive Industry Data (AID) (2013-12-17). "Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV top seller". AID. Retrieved 2013-12-28. 
  44. ^ Mat Gasnier (2013-12-04). "Netherlands November 2013: Mitsubishi Outlander shoots up to pole position!". Best Selling Cars Blog. Retrieved 2013-12-28. 
  45. ^ Mat Gasnier (2014-01-03). "Netherlands December 2013: Mitsubishi Outlander at 12.7% share, Volvo V40 and V60 on podium". Best Selling Cars Blog. Retrieved 2014-01-05. 
  46. ^ Groen7.nl (2014-04-04). "10.000 Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV’s in Nederland" [10,000 Mitsubishi Outlander PHEVs in Netherlands] (in Dutch). Groen7.nl. Retrieved 2014-04-28. 
  47. ^ Hans Greimel (2013-12-29). "Battery bottlenecks delay Mitsubishi plug-in hybrid launch". Automotive News. Retrieved 2013-12-30.  Between January and November 2013 global sales totaled 74,400 gasoline-powered units and 11,300 plug-in hybrids.
  48. ^ "Mitsubishi Motors continues to strengthen its position in Europe" (Press release). UK: Mitsubishi. 2014-07-11. Retrieved 2014-07-30. 
  49. ^ Rijksdienst voor Ondernemend Nederland (RVO) (January 2014). "Cijfers elektrich vervoer - Aantal per type voertuig (31-12-2013) and Cijfers elektrisch vervoer - Top 5 geregistreerde modellen elektrische auto" [Figures electric transport- Number per type of vehicle (30-12-2013) and Top 5 models registered electric vehicle] (in Dutch). RVO (Dutch National Office for Enterprising). Retrieved 2014-08-06. 
  50. ^ Bil Sweden (2014-07-01). "Nyregistreringar juni 2014" [New registrations in June 2014] (in Swedish). Bil Sweden. Retrieved 2014-07-27.  Download file "Nyregistreringar juni 2014.pdf" see table "Nyregistrerade miljöpersonbilar juni 2014" and "Nyregistrerade supermiljöbilar juni 2014" with summary of PEV sales by model between January and June 2014. A total of 1,194 Outlander P-HEVs were sold during the first half of 2014.
  51. ^ Ståle Frydenlund (2014-07-18). "Snart 10.000 nye elbiler registrert" [Almost 10,000 new EVs registered] (in Norwegian). Norsk Elbilforening (Norwegian Electric Vehicle Association). Retrieved 2014-08-06. 
  52. ^ Alex Grant (2014-07-08). "Japanese manufacturers lead growing UK electric and hybrid vehicle sales". Fleet World. Retrieved 2014-08-06. 
  53. ^ Jose Pontes (2014-07-14). "Germany June 2014". EVSales.com. Retrieved 2014-08-06. 
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  55. ^ Jose Pontes (2014-06-25). "Belgium May 2014". EVSales.com. Retrieved 2014-08-06. 
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