|Founded by||Meir Am-Shalem|
Mitzpe Yair (Hebrew: מצפה יאיר, lit. Yair Lookout) is an unauthorized Israeli settlement in the West Bank. Located two kilometres south-east of Susia, it falls under the jurisdiction of Har Hebron Regional Council. It was established by Meir Am-Shalem in October 1998, and, according to Gideon Levy, was a price tag operation set up as Magen David Farm in retribution for the murder of a Susya settler, Yair Har-Sinai, after whom it was subsequently renamed. It consists of 15 prefabricated structures, and is home for several families.
A vineyard in a wadi, planted on privately owned Palestinian land, and run by Elad Movshoviz, produces 7,000 bottles per annum. A legal case on the ownership of the area is now pending before the Israeli High Court of Justice.
Mitzpe Yair is an unauthorized settlement that is regarded as illegal by the Israeli regional administration. In 2007 Peace Now revealed that a police superintendent was residing there despite its illegal status. The officer was ordered to evacuate his house by July that year.
- Gideon Levi, 'Not sacred, not stolen,' at Haaretz, 7 September 2012
- Tovah Lazaroff, Yaakov Lappin, 'South Hebron Hills land dispute turns violent', Jerusalem Post 05/09/2008 'this had not stopped seven or eight families from placing caravans on the land to create the small Mitzpe Yair outpost . . Those caravans' placement has been deemed by the Civil Administration of Judea and Samaria to be illegal and there are enforcement proceedings under way against them.'
- Weiss, Efrat (2007-01-01). "Israeli police officer living in illegal outpost". Israel News.
- "The Geneva Convention". BBC News. 10 December 2009. Retrieved 27 November 2010.