Miura Baien

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Miura Baien
Born 1723
Aki, Ōita, Japan
Died 1789
Aki, Japan
Region Japanese philosophy
Main interests
Natural philosophy, Epistemology, Scientific method, Ethics, Symmetry
Notable ideas
In this Japanese name, the family name is Miura.

Miura Baien (三浦 梅園?, September 1, 1723 – April 9, 1789) was a Japanese philosopher of the Tokugawa era. A scholar often qualified as prolific original thinker in economy, interested in epistemology,[1] he studied nature in a methodical way. He grounded his thought in Neo-Confucianism.


Born as Miura Susumu into the family of a village physician in the present Ōita Prefecture (at that time named Bungo) on the island of Kyūshū, he became himself a physician and declined invitations to take office in the service of a local feudal lord. A master of Chinese language and poetry, he later became an advocate of a new rationalism.[2]

Key ideas[edit]

Key works[edit]

  • Baien's Three "Go (words)"[3]
    • Gengo (lit. Abstruse Talk), freely translated as Discourse on Methaphysics
    • Zeigo (lit. Talking On and On), freely translated as Discourse on Corollaries
    • Kango (lit. Presumtuous Talk), freely translated as Discourse on Morality
  • Heigo Fūji (lit. Confidential Matters on the Year Hinoe), 1786, a treatise on political, economic, military and legal affairs
  • Kagen (lit. The Origin of Price)
  • Logical Model of Earth Ecosystem
  • collection of his work in Baien Shiryōshū (1989, Perikansha publication)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ The Cambridge History of Japan: Early modern Japan, page 633
  2. ^ Sources of Japanese Tradition, Vol. I, compiled by Ryusaku Tunoda, Wm. Theodore de Bary, Donald Keene, Columbia University Press, New York, 1958, p. 480
  3. ^ Ancient Sages of the Oita prefecture Three Wisemen of Bungo

External links[edit]