Miyakojima, Okinawa

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Miyakojima
宮古島市
Myaaku
City
Miyako ikema bridge.JPG
Flag of Miyakojima
Flag
Location of Miyakojima in Okinawa Prefecture
Location of Miyakojima in Okinawa Prefecture
Miyakojima is located in Japan
Miyakojima
Miyakojima
Location of Miyakojima in Okinawa Prefecture
Coordinates: 24°48′20″N 125°16′52″E / 24.80556°N 125.28111°E / 24.80556; 125.28111Coordinates: 24°48′20″N 125°16′52″E / 24.80556°N 125.28111°E / 24.80556; 125.28111
Country Japan
Region Kyushu (Okinawa)
Prefecture Okinawa Prefecture
Government
 • Mayor Toshihiko Shimoji
Area
 • Total 204.54 km2 (78.97 sq mi)
Population (December, 2012)
 • Total 54,908
 • Density 268.45/km2 (695.3/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
- Tree Banyan
- Flower Bougainvillea and Tiger's Claw
- Bird Grey-faced Buzzard
- Butterfly Paper Kite
- Fish Double-lined fusilier (Pterocaesio digramma)
- Shell Chiragra Spider Conch (Lambis chiragra)
Phone number 0980-72-3751
Address 186 Hirara Nishizato, Miyakojima-shi 906-8501
Website www.city.miyakojima.lg.jp(Japanese)

Miyakojima (宮古島市 Miyakojima-shi?, Miyako: Myaaku, Okinawan: Naaku) is a city located on several islands in Okinawa Prefecture, Japan.

The modern city of Miyakojima was established on October 1, 2005, from the merger of the old city of Hirara, the towns of Gusukube, Irabu and Shimoji, and the village of Ueno (all from Miyako District). As a result of the merger, Okinawa Prefecture has one remaining village.

As of December 2012 the city has an estimated population of 54,908 and a population density of 268.45 per km². The total area is 204.54 km². The city had 24,728 households.[1] The mayor of Miyakojima is Toshihiko Shimoji (born 1945), who took office in the second mayoral election of the city in 2009.[2]

The islands administed by the City of Miyakojima include:

Climate[edit]

The climate of Miyakojima is on the boundary between a tropical rainforest climate (Köppen climate classification Af) and a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with very warm summers and mild winters. Precipitation is abundant throughout the year; August is the wettest month, and January and July are the driest.

Climate data for Miyakojima, Okinawa
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 20.4
(68.7)
20.9
(69.6)
22.7
(72.9)
25.1
(77.2)
27.5
(81.5)
29.9
(85.8)
31.6
(88.9)
31.2
(88.2)
30.0
(86)
27.8
(82)
25.0
(77)
22.0
(71.6)
26.17
(79.12)
Daily mean °C (°F) 18.0
(64.4)
18.3
(64.9)
20.0
(68)
22.4
(72.3)
24.8
(76.6)
27.2
(81)
28.7
(83.7)
28.5
(83.3)
27.4
(81.3)
25.4
(77.7)
22.7
(72.9)
19.7
(67.5)
23.59
(74.47)
Average low °C (°F) 16.0
(60.8)
16.2
(61.2)
17.7
(63.9)
20.2
(68.4)
22.7
(72.9)
25.2
(77.4)
26.6
(79.9)
26.3
(79.3)
25.3
(77.5)
23.6
(74.5)
20.8
(69.4)
17.8
(64)
21.53
(70.77)
Precipitation mm (inches) 130.8
(5.15)
141.3
(5.563)
137.8
(5.425)
160.3
(6.311)
207.7
(8.177)
185.5
(7.303)
130.8
(5.15)
262.5
(10.335)
230.0
(9.055)
156.2
(6.15)
146.9
(5.783)
131.3
(5.169)
2,021.1
(79.571)
 % humidity 72 75 77 80 82 84 80 80 79 75 73 70 77.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 86.4 82.6 112.0 123.2 151.1 191.9 246.7 220.5 184.6 153.8 112.0 101.3 1,766.1
Source: JMA (1981-2010) [3]

Transportation[edit]

The City of Miyakojima is served by two airports. Miyako Airport is located on Miyako-jima, and Shimojishima Airport is located on Shimojishima.

Noted residents[edit]

Economy[edit]

Japan Airlines maintains a ticketing office on Miyakojima island in Miyakojima city. It is only for domestic flights.[4]


German influence[edit]

Ueno German Culture Village

In 1872, the German ship Robertson wreaked on Miyakojima. The crew were saved and cared for by the local islanders. As a gift for the islanders kindness, and an excuse for German warships to enter Ryūkyūan waters, Kaiser Wilhelm I erected a monument on the island in 1876, known locally as the German Emperor's Tributary Monument or the Friendship Monument. After Japan annexed the Ryūkyū Kingdom, Japan used this as evidence of a history of friendship between Japan and Germany. In 1987, Ueno German Culture Village opened in Ueno village.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "宮古島市の人口" [Population of Miyakojima City] (in Japanese). Miyakojima City, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan: Miyakojima City. 2012. Retrieved 2012-01-28. 
  2. ^ "市長プロフィール" [Profile of Mayor] (in Japanese). Miyakojima City, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan: Miyakojima City. 2012. Retrieved Dec 18, 2012. 
  3. ^ "Miyakojima Climate Normals 1981-2010" (in Japanese). Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved February 16, 2014. 
  4. ^ "JAL Group Offices Information." Japan Airlines. Retrieved on July 22, 2011. "MIYAKO Only Domestic Ticketing Available Address 223 Nishizato Hirara Miyako City, 906-0012" Map
  5. ^ http://www.hakuaiueno.com/ 沖縄宮古島の「うえのドイツ文化村」ホームページ

External links[edit]