Miyakonojō, Miyazaki

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Miyakonojō
都城市
City
View of downtown Miyakonojo, from Miyakonojo Castle Ruin Park
View of downtown Miyakonojo, from Miyakonojo Castle Ruin Park
Flag of Miyakonojō
Flag
Location of Miyakonojō in Miyazaki Prefecture
Location of Miyakonojō in Miyazaki Prefecture
Miyakonojō is located in Japan
Miyakonojō
Miyakonojō
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 31°43′N 131°4′E / 31.717°N 131.067°E / 31.717; 131.067Coordinates: 31°43′N 131°4′E / 31.717°N 131.067°E / 31.717; 131.067
Country Japan
Region Kyushu
Prefecture Miyazaki Prefecture
Government
 • Mayor Makoto Nagamine
Area
 • Total 653.31 km2 (252.24 sq mi)
Population (November 1, 2012)
 • Total 168,072
 • Density 257.26/km2 (666.3/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
Symbols
- Tree Japanese zelkova
- Flower Iris
- Flowering tree Camellia sasanqua
Address 6-21 Himegichō, Miyakonojō-shi, Miyazaki-ken
885-8555
Phone number 0986-23-2111
Website www.city.miyakonojo.miyazaki.jp
Miyakonojō City Office

Miyakonojō (都城市 Miyakonojō-shi?) is a city in Miyazaki Prefecture, Japan. The city was founded on April 1, 1924.

As of November 1, 2012, the city has an estimated population of 168,072, with 70,549 households and a population density of 257.26 per km². The total area is 653.31 km² making it the largest city in the prefecture in terms of area.

On January 1, 2006, the towns of Takajō, Takazaki, Yamada and Yamanokuchi (all from Kitamorokata District) were merged into Miyakonojō.

Current issues[edit]

Miyakonojō is experiencing a declining population. Several other cities in Miyazaki Prefecture are also facing this problem.

Many schools are scheduled to close due to the declining population, which has resulted in fewer children.

Climate[edit]

Miyakonojō has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa), but is cooler than other cities in Miyazaki. The average temperature is about 16°C, and it rains less than in Miyazaki City. The area's climate is influenced by its proximity to mountains.

Climate data for Miyakonojō, Miyazaki
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 11.3
(52.3)
12.5
(54.5)
15.9
(60.6)
20.9
(69.6)
24.3
(75.7)
26.8
(80.2)
30.7
(87.3)
31.3
(88.3)
28.4
(83.1)
23.9
(75)
18.8
(65.8)
13.7
(56.7)
21.54
(70.76)
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.0
(41)
6.5
(43.7)
9.8
(49.6)
15.1
(59.2)
18.8
(65.8)
22.2
(72)
26.0
(78.8)
26.1
(79)
23.2
(73.8)
17.7
(63.9)
12.3
(54.1)
6.9
(44.4)
15.8
(60.44)
Average low °C (°F) −0.4
(31.3)
1.2
(34.2)
4.2
(39.6)
9.8
(49.6)
14.0
(57.2)
18.4
(65.1)
22.5
(72.5)
22.4
(72.3)
19.2
(66.6)
12.6
(54.7)
6.7
(44.1)
1.2
(34.2)
10.98
(51.78)
Precipitation mm (inches) 60.4
(2.378)
91.1
(3.587)
150.8
(5.937)
223.3
(8.791)
253.6
(9.984)
424.9
(16.728)
343.1
(13.508)
340.6
(13.409)
262.6
(10.339)
115.3
(4.539)
78.5
(3.091)
51.5
(2.028)
2,395.7
(94.319)
Snowfall cm (inches) 1
(0.4)
1
(0.4)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
2
(0.8)
 % humidity 74 73 73 77 78 82 82 82 82 78 78 77 78
Mean monthly sunshine hours 172.5 151.5 166.4 153.3 157.3 128.6 190.4 199.1 158.5 177.8 161.7 172.1 1,989.2
Source: NOAA (1961-1990) [1]

History[edit]

In the Heian period, Miyakonojō became a Manorialism and it prospered. In 1185, Shimazu Tadahisa became the jito of Miyakonojō and Miyakonojō was conquered by the Shimazu family. Between the Muromachi period and Edo period, the Hōngō family, which was the branch family of the Shimazus, controlled the area. After the Boshin War, it became one of the cities to abolish the han system. In 1871, it became a prefecture for a year.

Industry[edit]

Many of Miyakonojō's citizens work as farmers. They produce gobō, meat, and bell peppers. Miyakonojō is also home to some agriculture-related manufacturing.

Miyakonojō is also famous for producing traditional Japanese archery bows from the abundant bamboo in the area.[2]

Schools[edit]

Miyakonojō has 35 elementary schools and 19 junior high schools.

Notable residents[edit]

Nearby municipalities[edit]

An image taken from the International Space Station showing Miyakonojō and its surroundings on January 10, 2013

References[edit]

External links[edit]