Town hall in Mladá Boleslav
|Landmark||Mladá Boleslav Castle|
|Center||50 km (31.07 mi) NE of Prague|
|- elevation||235 m (771 ft)|
|Area||28.89 km2 (11.15 sq mi)|
|Population||44 252 (As of 1 Feb. 2012 )|
|Mayor||MUDr. Raduan Nwelati|
|Postal code||293 01|
|Wikimedia Commons: Mladá Boleslav|
Mladá Boleslav (Czech pronunciation: [ˈmladaː ˈbolɛslaf]; German: Jungbunzlau, Latin: Bumsla) is a city in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic, on the left bank of the Jizera river about 50 kilometres (31 miles) northeast of Prague.
Founded in the second half of the 10th century by King Boleslav II as a royal castle. Because there already was a castle known as Boleslav near Prague, this new castle was named Mladá (young) to distinguish it from the older Boleslav, which became known in the 15th century as Stará Boleslav (Old Boleslav). The town received partial city rights in 1334 and 1436, becoming an important site on the road from Prague to northern Bohemia, Lusatia, and Brandenburg. In the 16th century the town was a leading centre of the Unitas Fratrum / Unity of the Brethren / Moravian Church, hosting the Brethren's bishop, Renaissance church, and printing house. After being re-Catholicized in the 17th century, the town's population declined.
In the 17th and 18th centuries, Mladá Boleslav was an important Jewish center. In this period, about one fifth of the town's population was Jewish. In the 19th century (in fact, the period of decline of the Jewish community), Mladá Boleslav was dubbed "Jerusalem on Jizera". In 1634, Jacob Bashevi von Treuenberg (born 1580 in Verona, Italy), the first ennobled Jew in the Habsburg monarchy, was buried on the Jewish cemetery in Mladá Boleslav.
In the 19th century new prosperity came: the town became an important regional centre as new schools, theatres, museums, and the Laurin & Klement (today Škoda) automobile factory were founded. Since the 1990s the factory is making it one of the richest Czech towns.
- Templ Municipal History Museum - new holographic exhibition in gothic town-palace;
- Škoda Museum - Car museum;
- Škoda Manufacturing Plant - Car manufacturing and assembly plant;
- Brethren renaissance cathedral - public open gallery;
- Regional Museum - Historical, cultural and social history collections
- Adina Mandlová (1910–1991), actress, was born there.
- Alfréd Meissner (1871–1950), law theorist, leader of the Social Democratic Party, justice minister and minister of social welfare in the 1st Czechoslovak republic, deputy Jewish Elder in the Theresienstadt (Terezín) ghetto in 1944 to 1945
- Alois Vojtěch Šmilovský (1837–1883), writer
- Ctibor Tovačovský z Cimburka (1437–1494), important law theorist
- František Gellner (1881 - after 1914), important poet
- Jan Norbert z Neuberka (1796–1859), politician, co-founder of Bohemian National Museum, historian
- Jan Železný (1966-), three-time Olympic gold medalist and three-time world champion in the javelin
- Jiří Kezelius-Bydžovský (1576–1655), historian
- Jiri Vlcek (1978-), Italian rower
- Lucas of Prague (1460–1528), Brethren bishop, theologian and writer
- Marek Schwarz (1986-), former NHL goalie for the St. Louis Blues
- Martin Havlát (1981-), NHL player for the San Jose Sharks
- Mila Rechcigl (1930-), scientist and long-term president of the Czechoslovak Society of Arts and Sciences (SVU) was born here.
- Radim Vrbata (1981-), NHL player for the Phoenix Coyotes
- Siegfried Kapper (1821–1879), writer
- Vincenc Zahradník (1790–1836), writer
Twin towns — Sister cities
Mladá Boleslav is twinned with:
The local football team FK Mladá Boleslav plays in the Gambrinus liga (top national division), four times qualified for the Uefa Cup and European League, beating such opponents as Olympique de Marseille 4-3 on aggregate in 2006 or US Citta di Palermo 2-1 on aggregate in 2007. The local ice hockey team, BK Mladá Boleslav (Bruslařský klub), relegated in 2012 from the Extraliga and currently plays in the Czech second division.
|Wikisource has the text of a 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article about Mladá Boleslav.|
- Mladá Boleslav at the official website of the Czech Republic www.czech.cz
- Article at guide.travel.cz
- Regional Museum
- Youtube-channel about the history of Mladá Boleslav
- Information about the town at the town council's website (in Czech)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mladá Boleslav.|