Moʻi of Maui

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The ʻī of Maui, sometimes called the Aliʻi Aimoku, was the ruler of the island of Maui, one of the four main Hawaiian Islands, during the ancient Hawaii period.

Overview[edit]

The monarchs of Maui, like those of the other Hawaiian islands, claim descent from Wākea and Papa. They were sometimes referred to as ʻī, which later became commonly translated from the Hawaiian language into English as the word "king".[1] Paumakua, the first ʻī of Maui, was thirty-first in line of descent from Wakea. In the beginning, from about Paumakua of Maui down to Kawaokaohele's reign, the Moʻi of Maui only controlled the much larger western portion of the island while the chiefs of Hana remained independent. Maui-Loa had tried to unite the island once, but troubles with the Hana chief continued. It was under Piʻilani's reign that he conquered the east and united Maui for the first time.

The 25th ʻī, Kahekili II, expanded his empire by conquering the neighbouring island of Oʻahu in 1783 and through marriage of his brother allied himself with the Queen of Kauaʻi. However, his son Kalanikūpule, the 27th Aliʻi Aimoku, was the last of his line. Maui was weakened when Kalanikupule and his uncle, Kaeokulani, fought over the succession to the throne. Maui along with Oʻahu fell to King Kamehameha I in 1795 and ushered in a new era known as the Kingdom of Hawaii.

ʻī of Maui[edit]

Hāna[edit]

During the early years of the Kingdom of Maui the island was divided in half. The much larger western side was under the rule of the descendants of Paumakua-a-Huanuikalalailai, and East Maui, comprising the districts of Koolau, Hāna, Kipahulu, and Kaupo, was at times under independent rulers. The monarchs of Hāna, like those of the other Hawaiian chiefdom, probably claimed descent from Wakea and Pāpa. These monarchs were in some sense district chiefs and vassals of the Western rulers of Maui. From Eleio to Hoolae the king of Hāna remained mostly free from West Maui under Kakaalaneo to Kawaokaohele. The sixth Aliʻi Nui of Hāna, Hoolae, became a subject of Piilani of Maui and even allowed his daughter to marry him. The Kings of Hāna's allegiance to the West Maui ʻī were always precarious, even in later times after Piʻilani's conquest. The main strategic advantage of the Kings of Hāna was their command of the fortress of Kauwiki, considered impregnable.

Hāna chiefs[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pukui and Elbert (2003). "lookup of mōʻī". on Hawaiian dictionary. Ulukau, the Hawaiian Electronic Library, University of Hawaii. Retrieved 2009-12-28. 
  2. ^ Christopher Buyers. "Maui Royal Genealogy". Royal Ark web site. Retrieved 2009-12-28. 

External links[edit]