Mo Chutu of Lismore
Mo Chutu of Lismore
|Mochutu, Carthach (the Younger), Carthagus, Carthage, Mochuda|
|Died||14 May 639|
|Feast day||14 May; 15 May|
|Venerated in||Roman Catholic Church Eastern Orthodox Church|
Saint Mo Chutu mac Fínaill (died 639), also known as Carthach or Carthach the Younger (a name Latinized as Carthagus and Anglicized as Carthage), was abbot of Rahan (Irish Rathan), Co. Offaly, and subsequently, founder and first abbot of Lismore (Irish Les Mór Mo Chutu), Co. Waterford. The saint's Life has come down in several Irish and Latin recensions, which appear to derive from a Latin original written in the 11th or 12th century.
Through his father Fínall Fíngein, Mo Chutu belonged to the Ciarraige Luachra, while his mother, Finmed, was of the Corco Duibne. Notes added to the Félire Óengusso (the Martyrology of Óengus) claim that his fosterfather was Carthach mac Fianáin, that is Carthach the Elder, whose period of activity can be assigned to the late 6th century.
Mo Chutu first became abbot of Rahan, a monastery which lay in the territory of the southern Uí Néill. He composed a rule for his monks, an Irish metrical poem of 580 lines, divided into nine separate sections, a notable literary relic of the early Irish Church.
According to the Annals of Ulster, he was expelled from the monastery during the Easter season of 637. The incident has been connected with the Easter controversy, in which Irish churches were involved during the 7th century. Through his training in Munster, Mo Chutu may have been a supporter of the Roman system of calculation, which would have brought him into conflict with adherents of the 'Celtic' reckoning in Leinster.
Following his expulsion, Mo Chutu journeyed to the Déisi, where he founded the great monastery of Lismore (in modern County Waterford). The Latin and Irish Lives make very little of Mo Chutu's earlier misfortune and focus instead on the saint's resistance against the oppressions of Uí Néill rulers and by contrast, his joyous reception among the Déisi. Mo Chutu is also portrayed in a heroic light in an Irish saga entitled Indarba Mo Chutu a r-Raithin ("The expulsion of Mo Chutu from Rahan").
His foundation at Lismore flourished after his lifetime, eclipsing the reputation of the saint's earlier church. It was able to withstand the Viking depredations which plagued the area and benefited from the generosity of Munster kings, notably the Mac Carthaig of Desmond. In the 12th century, St Déclán's foundation of Ardmore aspired to the status of episcopal see in the new diocese, but the privilege went instead to Lismore.
His feast day in the Irish martyrologies is 14 May, as well as in the Great Synaxaristes of the Orthodox Church. In the present calendar of the Catholic Church in Ireland, in which 14 May is the feast of Saint Matthias, the memorial of Saint Carthage is celebrated on 15 May.
- Annals of Inisfallen, entry AI639.3. There exist conflicting dates in other annals. This date has been confirmed by Daniel P. Mc Carthy in his Chronology of the Irish Annals, see Mc Carthy, Daniel P. (1998). "The Chronology of the Irish Annals". Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy (Royal Irish Academy) 98C: 203–255.
- "William Grattan-Flood, "St. Carthage" in ''The Catholic Encyclopedia'' (New York 1913)". Newadvent.org. 1908-11-01. Retrieved 2014-06-18.
- The Roman Missal (Veritas 2011 ISBN 978-1-84730-297-7), p. 760
- Johnston, "Munster, saints of (act. c.450–c.700)."
- Félire Óengusso, ed. Stokes, pp. 86–7.
- (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Καρτέγιος Ἐπίσκοπος Λίσμορ. 14 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
- Félire Óengusso ("The Martyrology of Óengus"), ed. and tr. Whitley Stokes (1905). The Martyrology of Oengus the Culdee. Henry Bradshaw Society 29. London. pp. 124, 132–3 (14 May), 86–7 (5 March, note. (PDF here)
- Johnston, Elva. "Munster, saints of (act. c.450–c.700)." Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press, Sept 2004, online edition May 2008. Retrieved 14 December 2008.
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