|This article relies on references to primary sources. (March 2010)|
A robotic competition is an event where robots have to accomplish a given task. Usually they have to beat other robots in order to become the best one.
Most competitions are for schools but as time goes by, several professional competitions are arising.
There is a wide variety of competitions for robots of various types. The following examples describe a few of the higher profile events.
Outdoor unmanned ground vehicle competitions 
DARPA Grand Challenge 
The DARPA Grand Challenge was a rally style race for driverless cars. The unclaimed 2004 prize for navigating through the Mojave Desert was $1,000,000. The farthest any participant got was only 7.4 miles. However, the 2005 prize of $2,000,000 was claimed by Stanford University. In this race, five autonomous vehicles crossed the finish line.
The 2007 competition pitted the vehicles against a mock-urban course with live traffic obstacles. Six vehicles crossed the finish line. Cash prizes were $2,000,000 for First Place, $1,000,000 for Second Place, and $500,000 for Third Place. DARPA believes that autonomous vehicle technology will continue to rapidly develop without further contests so the race series has ended.
The race was to help develop technology required by the US Congress to be installed on US military land combat vehicles "as soon as possible and before 2015." Accomplishing the conversion of one third of the US Army's one million vehicles to driverless operation still represents a significant challenge. Other branches of the US armed forces have similar numbers of land vehicles to convert. Congress has also set deadlines for air and sea vehicle conversions.
The social benefit of preventing traffic fatalities by applying DARPA Grand Challenge robotics to land transportation is significant. Military use of this technology is unofficially estimated at being able to save one soldiers life a day. Civilian use of this technology in cars, busses, and trucks is estimated by the US Department of Transportation as being able to save 166 lives a day on US roadways. To put the figures into perspective, the number of traffic fatalities we are currently experiencing is equal to one commercial airliner crashing every day with a total loss of life or the complete loss of an entire US town every year. Statistics from the CDC indicate for ages 0 to 49, the age group most often killed in preventable traffic accidents, that "curing traffic accidents" as a cause of death would save more lives in that age group than curing cancer would.
AUVSI Foundation's Intelligent Ground Vehicle Competition (IGVC) 
Held annually since 1992, The IGVC challenges college student teams to develop an autonomous ground vehicle that must navigate a complicated obstacle course, complete with an extensive list of mobility and design requirements. Partnerships between students and industry leaders enable the competition to not only serve as a unique educational experience, but also a way to get an inside view of design challenges and establish connections with potential mentors or future employers.
European Land Robot Trial 
The European Land-Robot Trial is a demonstration of the abilities of modern robotics. Its directed towards security and defence robots and aimed at European participants from both academic and commercial backgrounds. Its held annually alternating between a civilian and a military version each year on different places around Europe.
From 2013 till 2015, instead of the civilian European Land-Robot Trial the newly created EURATHLON trial will take place, a robot competition supported by the European Commission in the Seventh Framework Programme (FP7).
OFF Road Robotics Competition 
The competition is organized by the Robot Association of Finland. The goal is to build a robot which is able to move without human help off road. The competition is held annually at the mid-summer Jämi Fly In air show in Finland. The competition track is randomly selected 10 minutes before competition by the judge, marked with four wooden sticks to make a 200 meter track. The track consists of sand roads and fields containing bushes and rocks. The robots must run outside the sticks from start to finish without human assistance as fast as possible. YouTube movies and pictures from the 2007 and 2008 competitions are available.
Centennial Challenges 
International Autonomous Robot Racing Challenge (IARRC) 2010 
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Student teams from around the world compete head-to-head in an outdoor racing competition, where small-scale robots race against other robots to the finish line, without any human guidance or control. Their skills are put to test in a static judging event, a drag race and a circuit race event, where these autonomous vehicles try to navigate around obstacles and obey the traffic rules. These robots are finding their way in applications such as space exploration, mining, search and rescue, remote sensing and automotive inspection. Some are even becoming common around the home for routine tasks, such as vacuuming and mowing lawns. In the future, these robots may even park and drive cars!
Robot Racing is an effort to promote research in autonomous mobile robotics technology in a structure that is challenging and exciting, for both the competitors and spectators. The competition provides students with real-world, hands-on engineering design challenges, including components of mechanical, computer, control software, and system integration. Students work together to design and build robotic vehicles that can navigate twisting, obstacle-filled courses without any human guidance or control. Everyone must work together to design and build a robot that integrates advanced control theory, machine vision, and electronics into a vehicle designed to handle rough terrain.
Robot Racing 2010 will take place on July 24, 2010 from 9am to 7pm at the St. Denis Stadium, University of Windsor, 2555 College Ave., Windsor, ON N9B3P4. Up to CAD $5000.00 in awards are offered. Compete or come take part in the action! Admission is free. Visit the website  for more information.
Indoor manned/unmanned ground vehicle competitions 
World Robot Olympiad (WRO) 
The World Robot Olympiad is a global robotics competition for young people using. The World Robot Olympiad competition utilizes Lego Mindstorms manufactured by LEGO Education. First held in 2004 in Singapore, it now attracts 1000 participants from 32 countries.
The competition consists of two different categories. In the regular category, teams must assemble robots that can solve a specific problem. In the open category, teams must present designs for robots, based on a given theme. The contest is also conducted in three different age groups: elementary, junior and senior.
RoboRAVE International 
Autonomous robots using any platform compete in one of two robot challenges: line following to deliver payload or search for lit candles to extinguish. Teams (2-4 kids) compete in one of three age divisions: Elementary (grades 3-5), Middle (grades 6-8), or High (grades 9-12) from anywhere in the world. Points are awarded at the competition for robot performance as well as before the event for work submitted in their engineering reports, video documentation, blogging entries, and securing a corporate partnership letter and logo. Started in 2001 by three New Mexico educators with 24 students and 12 robots, the 2010 event hosted over 230 robots with almost 800 students. More information is available at www.roborave.org.
Recognized by the Guinness Book of World Records as the "World's Largest Robot Competition", the RoboGames (formerly ROBOlympics) host over 70 different events and are modeled on the human Olympics. Robot soccer, sumo, combat, android wrestling, maze solving, fire-fighting, biped races, balancer races, and exoskeletons are a few of the events held. Teams compete from around the world, and RoboGames has no prerequisites for contestants, it is open to anyone regardless of age or affiliation.
BEST Robotics 
BEST, Boosting Engineering, Science, and Technology, is a national 6-week robotics competition in the United States held each fall, designed to help interest middle school and high school students in possible engineering careers. BEST is the only robotics competition for students in this age group that requires no entry fees or kit costs for participation. BEST Robotics has added Regional and National Competitions to their programs with the first National Competition held in Dallas during 2010 in conjunction with the International VEX Robotics Competition. The next National Competition (now billed as World's BEST) will once again be held in conjunction with the International VEX competition at ESPN's Wide World of Sports Complex at Disney World on April 14–16, 2011.
International METU Robotics Days 
The International METU Robotics Days event is hosted annually by the Middle East Technical University in Ankara, Turkey. It is the longest-running and the most well-known robotic organization in Turkey. The Robotics Days include 8 different categories of competitions as well as lectures, seminars and workshops designed to bring professionals, academics and amateurs together.
IEEE Micromouse competition 
In Micromouse competitions, small robots try to solve a maze in the fastest time. The current format involves the "mouse" finding its way to the centre of a 16x16 maze. The competitions have been held since 1979 and are conducted in countries around the world.
The VEX Robotics Competition 
The VEX Robotics Competition (VRC) is the fastest growing middle and high school robotics competition in the world. VEX Robotics, Inc. contracts the non-profit Robotics Education and Competition Foundation to organize and operate the worldwide VEX Robotics Competition. In the 2011-2012 season, there were 4,500 registered VEX Robotics Competition Teams and over 300 events. Teams build and program a robot, utilizing the VEX Robotics Design System platform, to complete a task revealed each year. VRC is played on a 12'x12' square field. Two alliances – one "red" and one "blue" – composed of two teams each, compete in each match which consists of a twenty-second autonomous period followed by two minutes of driver-controlled play. The object of the game is to attain a higher score than your opponent alliance by accruing points according to the game elements laid out in that year's rules.
Partners and sponsors of the VEX Robotics Competition include Autodesk, Northrop Grumman, NASA, EMC, Innovation First International, Future Foundation, Create, Microchip, iD Tech Camps, Automation Direct, United States Coast Guard Academy, Carnegie Mellon Robotics Academy, intelitek, BEST Robotics, Technology Student Association and Skills USA.
FIRST competition 
Dean Kamen, Founder of FIRST (For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology), created the world's leading high school robotics competition in 1992. FIRST provides a varsity-like competitive forum that inspires in young people, their schools and communities in an appreciation of science and technology.
Their robotics competition is a multinational competition that teams professionals and young people to solve an engineering design problem in an intense and competitive way. Their outreach includes the original FIRST Robotics Competition (FRC) and the newer FIRST Tech Challenge (FTC) for ages 14–18, the FIRST Lego League (FLL) for ages 9–14, and Junior FIRST Lego League (Jr.FLL) for ages 6–9. In 2007, there were over 130,000 students and 37,000 adult mentors from around the world involved in at least one of FIRST's competitions. FIRST encourages teams to find adults from outside of the school environment who can pass on their knowledge as mentors. There are thousands of scholarships available to students who participate.
The FLL robots are entirely autonomous; the FTC competition involves separate autonomous and driver control matches; and the FRC competition involves an initial autonomous period (10 or 15 seconds) followed by tele-operated driver control.
The RoboCup Federation uses RoboCup competitions as a vehicle to promote robotics and AI research, by offering publicly appealing, but formidable challenge. The ultimate goal of the RoboCup Initiative is by mid-21st century, a team of fully autonomous humanoid robot soccer players shall win the soccer game, comply with the official rule of the FIFA, against the winner of the most recent World Cup.
There are four league categories:
RoboCupSoccer - The main focus of the RoboCup competitions is the game of football/soccer, where the research goals concern cooperative multi-robot and multi-agent systems in dynamic adversarial environments. All robots in this league are fully autonomous. There are five leagues in RoboCupSoccer:
- Soccer Humanoid League
- Soccer Middle Size League
- Soccer Simulation League
- Soccer Small Size League
- Soccer Standard Platform League
RoboCupRescue - The intention of the RoboCupRescue project is to promote research and development in this socially significant domain at various levels involving multi-agent team work coordination, physical robotic agents for search and rescue, information infrastructures, personal digital assistants, a standard simulator and decision support systems, evaluation benchmarks for rescue strategies and robotic systems that are all integrated into a comprehensive systems in future. There are two leagues in RoboCupRescue:
RoboCup@Home - The RoboCup@Home league aims to develop service and assistive robot technology with high relevance for future personal domestic applications. It is the largest international annual competition for autonomous service robots and is part of the RoboCup initiative. A set of benchmark tests is used to evaluate the robots’ abilities and performance in a realistic non-standardized home environment setting.
RoboCupJunior - RoboCupJunior is a project-oriented educational initiative that sponsors local, regional and international robotic events for young students. It is designed to introduce RoboCup to primary and secondary school children, as well as undergraduates who do not have the resources to get involved in the senior leagues yet. The focus of the Junior league lies on education. There are three leagues in RoboCupJunior:
Sakarya University Robotics Competition(SAURO) is a robotics competition hosted by Sakarya University since 2009. The organization is open to undergraduates, graduates and high school students. www.saurobot.org
Botball Educational Robotics 
Botball is a robotics competition for middle and high school students. Organized by the KISS Institute for Practical Robotics, Botball encourages participants to work constructively within their team building basic communication, problem solving, design, and programming skills. Each team builds one or more (up to four) robots that will autonomously move scoring objects into scoring positions.
Mobile Autonomous Systems Laboratory competition (Maslab) 
The Mobile Autonomous Systems Laboratory, or Maslab, is a university-level vision-based autonomous robotics competition. The competition is open to students of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and requires multithreaded applications of image processing, robotic movements, and target ball deposition. The robots are run with Ubuntu Linux and run on an independent OrcBoard platform that facilitates sensor-hardware additions and recognition.
Annual fire-fighting home robot contest 
Trinity College (Connecticut) also has an annual firefighting robot contest which is participated by high schools and colleges from around the world including from countries like Israel and China. This is the largest, public robotics competition held in the U.S. that is open to entrants of any age, ability or experience from anywhere in the world . The 14th Annual Trinity College Fire-Fighting Home Robot Contest was held on the Trinity campus in Hartford, Connecticut on April 14–15 in 2007. One new event in the concept division was added to the 2007 competition, which is the baby-finding contest. Participants will have to find both the flame and the simulated baby, extinguish the former and announce (or bring it to people's attention somehow) when it finds the latter in the expert division. In the concept division, simply finding the baby and notifying the people is sufficient. Check the event website for contest details.
Duke Annual Robo-Climb Competition (DARC) 
Hosted by Duke University, the Duke Annual Robo-Climb Competition (DARC) challenges students to create innovative wall-climbing robots that can ascend vertical surfaces. The competition, which will be held on Duke's campus in Durham, North Carolina, will allow students to showcase their wall-climbing technology in an international forum and encourage students to network with industry leaders.
AAAI Grand Challenges 
Istanbul Technical University Robot Olymipics (abbreviated as ITURO) is a robotics olympics have been hosted by Istanbul Technical University since 2007. The organization is open to undergraduates, graduates and high school students. ITURO is a 3-day organization arranged every spring. Almost 1000 competitors and more than 7000 visitors are hosted every year.
ITURO has more than 7 different competition categories, such as line tracking robots, self-balancing robots, innovative category. Meanwhile, symposiums, panels are being organized thereupon international robotic scientists and enthusiasts might change their informations about robotics.
Robofest is an annual robotics competition originated at Lawrence Technological University in 2000 for students in grades 5 to 12. Robofest challenges student teams, to design, build, and program fully autonomous robots. The aim is to promote student mastery of mathematics and science through enjoyable activity. The competition categories in junior and senior age divisions in Robofest are games, creative exhibitions, pentathlon, sumo, and fashion show. The Robofest name is also used by several other organizations worldwide.
Collegiate Robofest 
The Collegiate Robofest is also organized by Lawrence Technological University and is open to professionals, hobbyists, college students and advanced high school students. The current competition category is the "Mini Urban Challenge" using a PC-based robot with a camera called L2Bot.
International Robot Olympiad (IRO) 
Robot game for children ages 9 – 17. Split essentially to the standard category (building robot from scratch and solve a problem within 2–3 hours) and the creative category (project based, bring your design, reports, and research and show it - exhibition style). The committee are experts from various universities around the world, with the purpose of promoting innovation and education.
Rat's Life robot programming contest 
This contest is organized to promote research results and stimulate further interest in bio-inspired robotics control. The participation to the contest is open to anyone and free of charge. Contestants can download a free version of the Webots software for simulating a robotic scenario where two rat robots compete for survival in a maze-like environment. The developed robot controllers can be transferred in real e-puck robots roaming an interactive LEGO maze. This competition is now widely used for teaching.
ABU RoboCon 
An annual robot contest which started in 2002 for university, college and polytechnic students in the Asia-Pacific region. Under a common set of rules, participants compete with their peers from other countries with hand-made robots. This contest aims to create friendship among young people with similar interests, as well as help advance engineering and broadcasting technologies in the region. The event broadcasts in countries/region through ABU member broadcasters.
The contest is hosted by a different broadcaster/country every year.
Defcon Robot Contest (DefconBots) 
The DEF CON, world's largest hacker convention hosts a robotic competition called DefconBots. This competition's objective has changed a couple of times. From 2006 to 2008 the goal was to build an autonomous stationary robot to shoot down the targets. Previous competitions included line following and transporting ping-pong balls across the arena. The contest is open to everyone.
Eurobot is an annual robot contest taking place in Europe. The teams must build autonomous robots, that collect elements on a given playing area with new rules every year.
The final round is hosted by different countries every year. The best three teams from every country may take part in the international final.
UBBOTS competition 
National Engineering Robotics Contest 
Every year, hundreds of robots from institutions Pakistan-wide gather at the College of Electrical and Mechanical Engineering, NUST Islamabad,Pakistan to participate in the National Engineering Robotics Contest (NERC). The Contest provides a platform to students to come forth with novel engineering ideas. Over 155 teams participating in NERC 2010. Contestants have to fabricate their robot right from the scratch according to the theme provided.
Student Robotics 
Student Robotics is an annual robotics competition for 16-18 year-olds that has run since 2007. It has its roots at the University of Southampton, and has recently spread to Bristol University and Grenoble INP. The competition is run by volunteers, who use funding from sponsors to provide teams with a kit, as well as run the competition.
Pioneers in Engineering 
Pioneers in Engineering (PiE) is a student-run organization that promotes the study of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics, collectively known as STEM fields. The organization was established in 2008 as a non-profit corporation by University of California, Berkeley student, Xiao-Yu Fu. The University provides training and mentorship opportunities for local high school students to improve their technological skills, by participating in a robotics competition, during which each student designs and builds functional robots. Since 2008, over 20 schools have participated in the program.
Underwater robotic vehicle competitions 
AUVSI Foundation and ONR's International Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV) Competition 
Launched in 1997 and co-sponsored by the Office of Naval Research (ONR), the goal of this competition is to advance the development of Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUVs) by challenging a new generation of engineers to perform realistic missions in an underwater environment. This event also serves to foster ties between young engineers and the organizations developing AUV technologies. Open to high school and college teams.
AUVSI Foundation and ONR's 3rd International Autonomous Surface Vehicle (ASV) Competition 
The Autonomous Surface Vehicle Competition (ASVC) is a student competition based around unmanned boats operating under rules of the waterway. This includes littoral area navigation, channel following and autonomous docking. This is typically done with computer vision, multi-sensor fusion techniques, proactive and reactive path planning, and machine learning approaches using embedded systems within the vehicle. Open to high school and college teams.
Marine Advanced Technology Education Center Competition 
The Marine Advanced Technology Education (MATE) Center sponsors an annual international ROV competition; the first competition was held in 2002. The competition is open to middle school (grades 5-8), high school (grades 9-12), community and technical college, and four-year university students as well as home-schooled students of comparable grade levels.
Aerial robotic vehicle competitions 
AUVSI Foundation's International Aerial Robotics Competition (IARC) 
The AUVSI Foundation's International Aerial Robotics Competition is the longest running aerial robotic event, held annually since 1991. This competition involves fully autonomous flying robots performing tasks that, at the time posed, are undemonstrated anywhere world wide. The competition is open to universities and has had missions involving ground object capture and transfer, hazardous waste location and identification, disaster scene search and rescue, and remote surveillance of building interiors by fully autonomous robots launched from 3 km. In 2008 an $80,000 prize was awarded. Typically a prize of $10,000 is offered, and increases by $10,000 for every year that the competition challenge goes uncompleted.
AUVSI Foundation's Student Unmanned Air System (SUAS) Competition 
The SUAS Competition, aimed at stimulating and fostering interest in unmanned air systems, technologies and careers, is focused on engaging students in a challenging mission. It requires the design, integration and demonstration of a system capable of conducting air operations to include autonomous flight, navigation of a specified course and use of onboard payload sensors. Additionally, students are required to submit technical journal papers and make oral presentations.
UAV Outback Challenge 
The UAV Outback Challenge has been running since 2007. There are multiple events for different competitor levels. The open category competition is an autonomous search and rescue mission with a large target area and tens of kilometers of required flight range. It is an annual event that is held in Australia and is organized by Australian Research Centre for Aerospace Automation, Queensland Government and Boeing Australia Limited. The 2009 prize fund is A$70,000 with a A$50,000 grand prize for the open category, making it the biggest current unmanned aerial robot competition.
Micro Air Vehicle Events 
A series of micro air vehicle (MAV) events have been sponsored by various organizations including the University of Florida, the U.S. Army, French DGA, Indian Ministry of Defense, and others over the past decade. For example, the International Micro Air Vehicle conferences (IMAVs) always includes various competitions in which specific capabilities are demonstrated and missions are performed. The goal of most competitions is to stimulate research on full autonomy of the micro air vehicles. Prizes range up to an aggregate value of $600,000 in 2008.
See also 
- "FP7: Support Action for a Targeted Intelligent Autonomous Robotics Contest". cordis.europa.eu. Retrieved 2013-03-14.
- "Jami Fly In". jamiflyin.com. Retrieved 2008-08-31.
- "Off-road Robot Car Competition 2007". propelli.net. Retrieved 2008-08-31.
- "Off-road Robot Car Competition Rules". propelli.net. Retrieved 2008-08-31.
- "Off Road 2007 videos". wikidot.com. Retrieved 2008-08-31.
- "Off Road 2008 video". wikidot.com. Retrieved 2008-08-31.
- "Off road robotics competition photos". flickr.com. Retrieved 2008-08-31.
- "LTU Collegiate Robofest". Lawrence Technological University. Retrieved 2008-09-01.
-  UBBOTS website
-  website
-  website
-  Student Robotics website
-  A University of Southampton news article about Student Robotics
-  Issue of a Bristol Engineering magazine containing an article about Student Robotics.
-  A Grenoble INP news article about a French Student Robotics team.
- "Green Elementary School Science Fair Inspires Student Scientists". OneDublin.org. 2012-04-01. Retrieved 2013-04-05.
- "SFUSD: Galileo and Balboa High Schools Team up to Win Robot Competition". Sfusd.edu. Retrieved 2013-04-05.
- "ROV Competitions!". Retrieved 26 July 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Robotics competitions|
- Robot Competition FAQ
- European Land-Robot Trial Website
- Finnish Robotics Association
- METU Robotics Days Main Page
- Sakarya University Robotics Competition Main Page
- Maslab - Advanced IAP Robotics Competition
- Annual fire-fighting home robot contest
- Duke Annual Robo-Climb Competition's Website
- ITURO Website
- Rat's Life robot programing contest
- AUVSI Foundation's Student Competitions (Air, Ground, Surface and Underwater)
- ROV Competition
- MAV 08
- UBBOTS competition