Mobile District

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The Mobile District was an administrative region of the Spanish territory of West Florida, which was claimed by the short-lived Republic of West Florida, established on September 23, 1810. Reuben Kemper led a small force in an attempt to capture Mobile from the Spanish on behalf of the new republic, but the expedition ended in failure.

The district was bounded in the north by the 31st parallel, in the south by the Gulf of Mexico, in the east by the Perdido River, and in the west by the Pearl River.

When the United States annexed the Baton Rouge district, which was controlled by the unrecognised Republic of West Florida, in 1810, the Mobile district remained under Spanish control. The Mobile district was declared by Congress to be annexed to the United States on May 14, 1812,[1] immediately prior to the outbreak of the War of 1812 with Britain, with whom Spain was allied, and incorporated into the Mississippi Territory.

It currently forms parts of the states of Mississippi and Alabama.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Tucker, Spencer C. (1993). The Jeffersonian Gunboat Navy. Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press. ISBN 0-87249-849-2. p. 101.

Coordinates: 30°42′N 88°39′W / 30.700°N 88.650°W / 30.700; -88.650