Mobile Rocket Base

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Launch of the TEXUS 50 sounding rocket from the rocket launch site Esrange, Kiruna

The Mobile Rocket Base (German: Mobile Raketenbasis), abbreviated MORABA, is a department of the DLR Space Operations and Astronaut Training in Oberpfaffenhofen near Munich. Since the 1960s, the MORABA has performed scientific high altitude research missions with unmanned rockets and balloons, and has developed the required mechanical and electrical systems. Their operational areas include upper atmosphere research, microgravity research, astronomy, geophysics, materials science, as well as hypersonic research.

Together with the Swedish Space Corporation (SSC), MORABA is a member of the international cooperation EuroLaunch, as well as partner of the Brazilian Instituto de Aeronáutica e Espaço (IAE) of the Departamento de Ciência e Tecnologia Aeroespacial (DCTA).

Divisions of MORABA[edit]

Mobile Infrastructure[edit]

The mobile ground stations and antennas for telemetry (reception of data) and tele-command (transmission of control commands), as well as range instrumentation radar stations for the exact trajectory measurement, are part of the Mobile Infrastructure. This includes also ground support systems for communication, power supplies, etc. The main tasks include tracking the trajectory of sounding rockets or research balloons, RF data reception, data processing, distribution and archiving. Transport, setup and maintenance of the mobile stations, as well as mission preparation, are also part of the activities.

Electrical Flight Systems[edit]

The Electrical Flight Systems group develops, builds, and qualifies the necessary electrical and electronic systems aboard the rockets and balloons. Among others, this includes onboard computer systems, control and measurement equipment, data management and telemetry components, and RF transmission systems. Attitude, rate, and acceleration sensors are calibrated and flown in these systems. Cold gas rate and attitude control systems are developed and qualified by this group. The construction of Electrical Ground Support Equipment (EGSE) is also in the scope of tasks.

Mechanical Flight Systems[edit]

The Mechanical Flight Systems group performs structural calculations, aerodynamic and thermal analyses. Also, mechanical configuration and design of the payload and the entire vehicle are planned and accomplished, as well as the integration of scientific experiments and the spin balancing of the final payload. Furthermore, this group develops and maintains separation and payload recovery systems.

Launch Services[edit]

The tasks of the Launch Services group include procurement, inspection, modification and storage of rocket motors and pyrotechnics, setup of the mobile launch pads, assembling the rocket stages and ignition systems, integrating the payload and rocket motors, and loading the rocket onto the launcher. Furthermore, the group is responsible for support of flight safety, trajectory calculations, aerodynamic calculations, and selection of the rocket configuration.

Mechanical and electronic flight systems developed by MORABA[edit]

  • Rocket fins and sub structures
  • Separation systems of the rocket stages
  • De-spin systems to eliminate rocket spin before the experiment phase
  • Parachute recovery systems
  • TV multichannel transmission systems
  • On-board systems for rate, attitude, spin rate, and precession control
  • Ignition units for safe ignition of rocket motors and payload pyrotechnics
  • Mobile electrical and mechanical ground systems, such as ground stations and launch pads
  • Telemetry and tele-command systems
  • Integrated radio frequency systems for rockets and balloons

History[edit]

The Mobile Rocket Base emerged from the "Working Group For Space Exploration", a common foundation of the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics (MPE) and the former German Laboratory for Aviation (DVL). This working group was founded in 1965 and had its first headquarters in Munich. Since April 1969 the Mobile Rocket Base is located in Oberpfaffenhofen, near Munich, in the department "Space Operations and Astronaut Training" of the German Aerospace Center (DLR).

The first mobile campaign to study the solar eclipse in May 1966 on the Greek island of Euboea, on behalf of the European Space Research Organisation (ESRO), demonstrated the feasibility to move and set up extensive technical and scientific equipment in a short time in a remote location.

The beginning: Atmospheric research[edit]

In cooperation with the MPE, a campaign for the study of the magnetic field of the Earth was carried out in the spring of 1967, at Esrange (Sweden). With five Nike-Apache rockets, artificial barium clouds (Aurora Borealis) were created in about 100 km altitude, in order to visualize the magnetic field lines.

In addition to the rocket launch sites in Scandinavia (Kiruna and Andenes), also Sardinia, Wallops Island and Matagorda Island (USA), White Sands (USA), Greenland, Trivandrum (India), Woomera (Australia), Huelva (Spain), Natal (Brazil), and Adelaide Island (Antarctica) were used for the launch of payloads with various scientific purposes. In the following years, sounding rockets were used mainly in the fields of upper atmosphere and research into the causes of global warming.

New fields of application: Microgravity research[edit]

With the start of the "HEATPIPE 1" payload, manufactured by Dornier, Friedrichshafen, a new field of application for sounding rockets emerged. The launch took place on January 22, 1976 at Esrange, with the aim to investigate the function of heat pipes and latent heat storage in a microgravity environment for their application in future satellite projects.

Initially intended as a supplementary programme for the German Spacelab missions, the first launch of a TEXUS payload took place on December 13, 1977 with a two-stage Skylark rocket at Esrange. In the following years, up to four TEXUS missions (6 minutes of microgravity) were flown per year, with numerous experiments. In order to meet the ever-increasing number of experiments with different requirements and objectives, the Swedish MASER programme, the MAXUS programme (13 minutes microgravity), and the MiniTEXUS programme (3 minutes microgravity) were initiated, under the aegis of the European Space Agency (ESA).

Further tasks: Launch of high altitude research balloons[edit]

Already in May 1975, the Mobile Rocket Base was involved in research balloons with the flight of the 2.5-ton "Spectro-Stratoscope" instrument[1] in Palestine (Texas), for the reception of the PCM data from the payload. Together with the Max Planck Institute for Aeronomy in Lindau (Harz, Germany), international balloon flights were carried out in Aire-sur-l'Adour (France), Mendoza (Argentina), and Hyderabad (India), to explore the chemical composition (and pollution) of the atmosphere in different altitudes and latitudes.

Technology transfer: From rockets to satellites[edit]

In the early years of German sounding rocket research, the payloads were designed and built by engineers and technicians from the companies Dornier, MBB, Kayser-Threde, and ERNO. Parallel to the withdrawal of Dornier and MBB from payload construction for sounding rockets, MORABA developed and tested, in addition to the already existing spin rate and attitude control modules and parachute recovery systems, mechanical and electrical flight systems which were difficult or impossible to obtain on the market. The first and successful application of a rocket-qualified data acquisition and transmission / reception system on a satellite was in the re-entry experiment "EXPRESS". For this project, in late 1994 a complete transmitting and receiving station with all necessary functions was set up by MORABA in the South Australian desert and was operated over the turn of the year. After the launch with a Japanese satellite launcher and a 7-day orbital flight, the landing of the EXPRESS capsule was planned to occur in the vicinity of the town of Coober Pedy (Australia). However, due to a malfunction of the rocket, the capsule entered an elliptical orbit with very low Perigee and landed in Africa after only a few revolutions.

Further applications of developments of MORABA in space flight missions included experiments aboard the Russian space station Mir and the DLR satellite BIRD.

Latest trend: Hypersonic research - the flying wind tunnel[edit]

Similar to the novel use of the rocket platform for microgravity research, the use of sounding rockets as a flying hypersonic wind tunnel has increased steadily. With the help of sounding rockets, large flight models are brought to speeds of above Mach 12 and reentry periods of up to one minute can be achieved. For the DLR Sharp Edge Flight Experiment (SHEFEX) MORABA designed and built the payload subsystems and the rocket system. With its launch in October 2005 from Andenes (Norway) the project has been successfully completed. Further experiments of this kind were the also successfully completed follow-up project SHEFEX II (launched in June 2012), as well as the scramjet engine research programs HIFiRE and Scramspace.

Missions conducted or supported by MORABA[edit]

SHEFEX II sounding rocket on the Laucher at Andøya Rocket Range
Preparation of a VSB-30 rocket motor for the launch of the TEXUS 50 sounding rocket
TEXUS 50 rocket in the Skylark launch tower at Esrange, Kiruna

Current projects of MORABA[edit]

  • TEXUS (German: Technologische EXperimente Unter Schwerelosigkeit): Technological Experiments in Microgravity Environment
  • REXUS/BEXUS: Sounding Rocket and Balloon Experiments for University Students
  • STERN: Students' Experimental Rockets (German: STudentische Experimental-RaketeN): Support program for students to develop innovative rocket engines
  • MAPHEUS: Material Physics Experiments in Microgravity (German: MAterialPHysikalische Experimente Unter Schwerelosigkeit)
  • WADIS (German: WellenAusbreitung und DISsipation in der Mittleren Atmosphäre): Research project of the Leibniz-Institute of Atmospheric Physics in Kühlungsborn, Germany, and the Institute of Space Systems (IRS) of the University of Stuttgart, Germany
  • SHEFEX (SHarp Edge Flight Experiment): Program of the German Aerospace Center (DLR)
  • MASER: Sounding rocket program of the Swedish Space Corporation (SSC), for microgravity research
  • MAXUS: Joint venture between Astrium and the Swedish Space Corporation (SSC) for materials science research in microgravity environment
  • HIFiRE: Australian program for the development of a supersonic combustion ramjet (Scramjet)
  • MAIUS: Study of a Bose–Einstein condensate in microgravity environment
  • ROTEX (ROcket Technology EXperiment): Students' flight experiments of the Institute of Aerodynamics at the RWTH Aachen University
  • Corsair (formerly CSSR: Comet Surface Sample Return): Cooperation with NASA. The goal is to take a sample from the surface of a comet nucleus and transport it to Earth.

Selected missions[edit]

Mission Launch date Launch site Feature / annotation
Conestoga I September 09, 1982 Matagorda Island, USA Launch of the first privately funded rocket that reached space.[2][3]
Supernova August 24, 1987 Woomera Project of the MPE to study the X-ray emission of Supernova 1987A.
SpaceMail February 06, 2000 Alcantara (Brasil) PR campaign of the Deutsche Post AG.[4][5]
SHEFEX October 27, 2005 Andøya (Norway) Novel hypersonic reentry vehicle, developed by DLR.
REXUS 3 April 05, 2006 Esrange (Sweden) Flight test REGINA of the inflate system for the ARCHIMEDES balloon probe, a project of the Mars Society Germany.
TEXUS 45 February 21, 2008 Esrange (Sweden) Among other experiments, study of motion sicknesses with the aid of Tilapia fishes in microgravity[6][7]
SHEFEX II June 22, 2012 Andøya (Norway) Further development of the SHEFEX vehicle. On this flight, before the ignition of the second stage, the VS-40 launch vehicle was realigned using a cold gas attitude control system.

List of rocket and balloon missions[edit]

Chronological list of rocket and balloon missions involving MORABA
Launch Date Rocket Configuration Project Location Country Payload

Mass (kg)

Payload

Length (m)

15.07.2013 VS-30 MAPHEUS 4 Kiruna Sweden
28.06.2013 VS-30 WADIS 1 Andøya Norway 4,3
08.05.2013 Improved Orion REXUS 13 Kiruna Sweden
07.05.2013 Improved Orion REXUS 14 Kiruna Sweden
12.04.2013 VSB-30 V17 TEXUS 50 Kiruna Sweden
09.12.2012 S30 - Improved Orion V10 IGUAIBA / INPE 14 Alcantara Brasil
25.11.2012 Nike - Improved Orion MAPHEUS 3 Kiruna Norway
16.11.2012 Improved Orion REXUS 11 Kiruna Sweden
25.09.2012 Balloon 10k m³ BEXUS 15 Kiruna Sweden
24.09.2012 Balloon 10k m³ BEXUS 14 Kiruna Sweden
12.09.2012 S30 - Improved Orion HIFiRE 3 Andøya Norway
22.06.2012 VS-40 SHEFEX 2 Andøya Norway
23.04.2012 S30 - Improved Orion HIFiRE 5 Andøya Norway
19.03.2012 Improved Orion REXUS 12 Kiruna Sweden
13.02.2012 VSB-30 MASER 12 Kiruna Sweden
03.12.2011 S30 - Improved Orion ICI 3 Ny-Ålesund (Spitsbergen) Norway
27.11.2011 VSB-30 TEXUS 48 Kiruna Sweden
28.09.2011 Balloon BEXUS 13 Kiruna Sweden
27.09.2011 Balloon BEXUS 12 Kiruna Sweden
21.07.2011 Nike - Improved Orion PHOCUS Kiruna Sweden
11.05.2011 Improved Orion Camurupim (RTV-04) Natal Brasil
29.03.2011 VSB-30 V15 TEXUS 49 Kiruna Sweden
23.02.2011 Improved Orion REXUS 10 Kiruna Sweden
22.02.2011 Improved Orion REXUS 9 Kiruna Sweden
19.12.2010 Nike - Improved Orion ECOMA 9 Andøya Norway
13.12.2010 Nike - Improved Orion ECOMA 8 Andøya Norway
12.12.2010 VSB-30 V14 MICROG1A (Maracati 2) Alcantara Brasil
06.12.2010 Improved Orion Maracati 2 (RTV-03) Alcantara Brasil
05.12.2010 Nike - Improved Orion ECOMA 7 Andøya Norway
23.11.2010 Balloon BEXUS 11 Kiruna Sweden
27.10.2010 Nike - Improved Orion MAPHEUS 2 Kiruna Sweden
09.10.2010 Balloon BEXUS 10 Kiruna Sweden
26.03.2010 Castor 4B MAXUS 8 Kiruna Sweden 808,0 6,0
04.03.2010 Improved Orion REXUS 8 Kiruna Sweden 105,2 3,1
02.03.2010 Improved Orion REXUS 7 Kiruna Sweden 121,7 3,1
24.01.2010 Balloon MIPAS-B/TELIS Kiruna Sweden
29.05.2009 Improved Orion Maracati 1 (RTV-02) Alcantara Brasil
22.05.2009 Nike - Improved Orion MAPHEUS 1 Kiruna Sweden 198,0
29.11.2009 VSB-30 V10 TEXUS 47 Kiruna Sweden
22.11.2009 VSB-30 V09 TEXUS 46 Kiruna Sweden 373,0
11.10.2009 Balloon 10k m³ BEXUS 9 Kiruna Sweden
10.10.2009 Balloon 10k m³ BEXUS 8 Kiruna Sweden
13.03.2009 Improved Orion REXUS 5 Kiruna Sweden 101,7 3,1
12.03.2009 Improved Orion REXUS 6 Kiruna Sweden 95,1 3,5
10.03.2009 Balloon MIPAS/TELIS Kiruna Sweden
08.12.2008 S30 - Improved Orion V05 ICI-2 Ny-Ålesund (Spitsbergen) Norway
27.10.2008 Improved Orion Parelhas (RTV-01) Natal Brasil
22.10.2008 Nike - Improved Orion REXUS 4 Kiruna Sweden
08.10.2008 Balloon 12k m³ BEXUS 7 Kiruna Sweden
08.10.2008 Balloon 10k m³ BEXUS 6 Kiruna Sweden
12.07.2008 Nike - Improved Orion ECOMA 6 Andøya Norway
07.07.2008 Nike - Improved Orion ECOMA 5 Andøya Norway
30.06.2008 Nike - Improved Orion ECOMA 4 Andøya Norway
Jun 2008 Balloon MIPAS/TELIS Teresina Brasil
15.05.2008 VSB-30 V08 MASER 11 Kiruna Sweden 387,3 5,1
01.04.2008 Improved Orion APRIL ONE (RTV-00) Kiruna Sweden 83,0 2,8
21.02.2008 VSB-30 V06 TEXUS 45 Kiruna Sweden 357,0 4,9
07.02.2008 VSB-30 V05 TEXUS 44 Kiruna Sweden 372,8 4,8
31.01.2008 S30 - Improved Orion HotPay 2 Andøya Norway 138,1 2,9
04.08.2007 Nike - Improved Orion ECOMA 3 Andøya Norway
19.07.2007 VSB-30 V04 Cuma 2 Alcantara Brasil
28.03.2007 Balloon BEXUS 5 Kiruna Sweden
17.09.2006 Nike - Improved Orion ECOMA 2 Andøya Norway
09.09.2006 Nike - Improved Orion ECOMA 1 Andøya Norway
19.06.2006 Balloon BEXUS 4 Kiruna Sweden
11.05.2006 VSB-30 V03 TEXUS 43 Kiruna Sweden 407,0
02.05.2006 Castor 4B MAXUS 7 Kiruna Sweden 784,7
05.04.2006 Improved Orion REXUS 3 Kiruna Sweden 100,0
01.12.2005 VSB-30 V02 TEXUS 42 (TEXUS-EML) Kiruna Sweden 372,2
27.10.2005 S30 - Improved Orion V03 SHEFEX 1 Andøya Norway
19.06.2005 - 08.07.2005 MAXUS 7 Recovery Drop Test 2 Kiruna Sweden
02.05.2005 Skylark 7 MASER 10 Kiruna Sweden 370,0
11.04.2005 - 19.04.2005 Castor 4B MAXUS 7 Recovery Drop Test 1 Kiruna Sweden
22.03.2005 Balloon 10k m³ BEXUS 3 Kiruna Sweden
18.01.2005 - 21.01.2005 Super Loki 4 Chaff ROMA 2005 Andøya Norway
Viper IIIA 2 Mini Midas ROMA 2005 Andøya Norway
Viper IIIA 13 Falling Spheres ROMA 2005 Andøya Norway
02.12.2004 Skylark 7 TEXUS 41 Kiruna Sweden 401,6 5,2
22.11.2004 Castor 4B MAXUS 6 Kiruna Sweden 793,0
28.10.2004 Improved Orion REXUS 2 Kiruna Sweden 100,0
23.10.2004 VSB-30 V01 Cajuana Alcantara Brasil
2004 PHOENIX Flight Vidsel Sweden
2004 Nike - Orion Louise 1 CEL France
26.02.2004 Balloon 10k m³ BEXUS 2 Kiruna Sweden
28.11.2003 Nike - Improved Orion ICI-1 Ny-Ålesund (Spitsbergen) Norway
2003 PHOENIX FTS Drop Test Kiruna Sweden
17.06.2003 - 04.07.2003 Improved Orion ROMA/MIDAS Ny-Ålesund (Spitsbergen) Norway
Improved Orion ROMA/MIDAS Ny-Ålesund (Spitsbergen) Norway
Improved Orion ROMA/MIDAS Ny-Ålesund (Spitsbergen) Norway
08.04.2003 Skylark 7 TEXUS 40 Kiruna Sweden 364,0
01.04.2003 Castor 4B MAXUS 5 Kiruna Sweden 795,0
28.01.2003 Terrier - Orion SAGE/MaCWAVE Kiruna Sweden
24.01.2003 Terrier - Orion SAGE/MaCWAVE Kiruna Sweden
10.01.2003 - 30.01.2003 Viper 46 Falling Spheres SAGE/MaCWAVE Kiruna Sweden
01.12.2002 VS-30 V06 Cuma 1 Alcantara Brasil
23.11.2002 S30 - Improved Orion V02 Pirapema Alcantara Brasil
21.08.2002 - 10.10.2002 Viper IIIA 1 Chaff ROMA 2002 Andøya Norway
Viper IIIA 22 Falling Spheres ROMA 2002 Andøya Norway
05.07.2002 Improved Orion MIDAS 8 Andøya Norway
05.07.2002 Improved Orion MIDAS 7 Andøya Norway
05.07.2002 Terrier - Orion MaCWAVE Andøya Norway
02.07.2002 Improved Orion MIDAS 6 Andøya Norway
01.07.2002 Terrier - Orion MaCWAVE Andøya Norway
28.06.2002 - 05.07.2002 Viper IIIA 14 Falling Spheres MIDAS / MaCWAVE Andøya Norway
Super Loki 12 Falling Spheres MIDAS / MaCWAVE Andøya Norway
16.03.2002 Skylark 7 MASER 9 Kiruna Sweden 347,0
16.12.2001 Improved Orion Hygrosonde 2 Kiruna Sweden
16.07.2001 - 14.09.2001 Viper IIIA 5 Chaff ROMA 2001 Longyearbyen Norway
Viper IIIA 25 Falling Spheres ROMA 2001 Longyearbyen Norway
24.06.2001 Improved Orion MIDAS 5 Cone Andøya Norway
17.06.2001 Improved Orion MIDAS 4 Cone Andøya Norway
08.06.2001 - 24.06.2001 Viper IIIA 5 Chaff MIDAS / SOLSTICE Andøya Norway
Viper IIIA 7 Falling Spheres MIDAS / SOLSTICE Andøya Norway
08.05.2001 Skylark 7 TEXUS 39 Kiruna Sweden 364,1
06.05.2001 NSM NSM 2 Andøya Norway
29.04.2001 Castor 4B MAXUS 4 Kiruna Sweden 803,4
19.02.2001 Improved Orion MAXUS Test Flight Kiruna Sweden
24.10.2000 NSM NSM 1 Andøya Norway
21.08.2000 S30 - Improved Orion V01 Baronesa Alcantara Brasil 160,0
15.05.2000 Improved Orion MIDAS 3 Cone Andøya Norway
06.05.2000 Improved Orion MIDAS 2 Andøya Norway
06.05.2000 - 15.05.2000 Viper IIIA 1 Mini MIDAS Andøya Norway
Viper IIIA 3 Falling Spheres Andøya Norway
02.04.2000 Skylark 7 TEXUS 38 Kiruna Sweden 369,1
27.03.2000 Skylark 7 TEXUS 37 Kiruna Sweden 369,2
06.02.2000 VS-30 V05 SpaceMail Alcantara Brasil
09.10.1999 - 13.10.1999 Balloon Air Sampler 5 Aire sur L'Adour France
16.08.1999 - 22.09.1999 Viper IIIA 14 Falling Spheres TRAMP/Transisition Andøya Norway
Viper IIIA 3 Chaff TRAMP/Transisition Andøya Norway
14.07.1999 Black Brant VA DROPPS 2 Andøya Norway
06.07.1999 Improved Orion MIDAS 1 Andøya Norway
05.07.1999 Black Brant VA DROPPS 1 Andøya Norway
04.07.1999 - 16.07.1999 Viper IIIA 1 Mini Midas Andøya Norway
Viper IIIA 2 Mini Dusty Andøya Norway
Viper IIIA 10 Falling Spheres Andøya Norway
Viper IIIA 1 Chaff Andøya Norway
Super Loki 3 Chaff Andøya Norway
03.05.1999 - 17.05.1999 Balloon Air Sampler 4 Kiruna Sweden
14.05.1999 Skylark 7 MASER 8 Kiruna Sweden 334,0
15.03.1999 VS-30 V04 Sao Marcos Alcantara Brasil
21.01.1999 Black Brant XII Caper Andøya Norway
Viper IIIA 1 Falling Sphere Caper Andøya Norway
03.12.1998 Nike - Improved Orion MiniTEXUS 6 Kiruna Sweden 198,7 2,9
24.11.1998 Castor 4B MAXUS 3 Kiruna Sweden 785,1
21.10.1998 Super Loki 1 Falling Sphere Ariane 503 Support Kourou France
07.10.1998 Orion MAXUS Test Kiruna Sweden
10.05.1998 Balloon Ozone Sampler 3 Kiruna Sweden
06.03.1998 Nike - Improved Orion NLTE 2 Kiruna Sweden 209,0
03.03.1998 Nike - Improved Orion NLTE 1 Kiruna Sweden 212,0
11.02.1998 Nike - Improved Orion MiniTEXUS 5 Kiruna Sweden 196,3 3,0
07.02.1998 Skylark 7 TEXUS 36 Kiruna Sweden 383,2
26.01.1998 Nike - Improved Orion Mermaid Kiruna Sweden 182,6 3,0
04.01.1998 - 27.02.1998 Viper IIIA 26 Falling Spheres TRAMP/PORTA (26) Adelaide Island (Rothera) Antarctica
Viper IIIA 3 Falling Spheres RONALD 2 Andøya Norway
31.01.1998 VS-30 V03 RONALD 2 Andøya Norway
30.10.1997 Super Loki (Falling Spheres) Meteorological Rocket Kourou France
30.10.1997 Super Loki (Falling Spheres) Meteorological Rocket Kourou France
12.10.1997 VS-30 V02 Ronald 1 Andøya Norway
Viper IIIA 2 Falling Spheres KANE Andøya Norway
Terrier - Improved Orion KANE Andøya Norway
16.08.1997 Balloon Air Sampler 2 Kiruna Sweden
15.07.1997 - 08.09.1997 Viper TRAMP/Temperature Andøya Norway
01.05.1997 Balloon Air Sampler 1 Kiruna Sweden
28.04.1997 VS-30 V01 Santana Alcantara Brasil
24.11.1996 Skylark 7 TEXUS 35 Kiruna Sweden 331,0
03.05.1996 Skylark 7 MASER 7 Kiruna Sweden 355,0
02.03.1996 Skylark 7 TEXUS 34 Kiruna Sweden 393,5
28.11.1995 Castor 4B MAXUS 2 Kiruna Sweden 796,7
23.11.1995 Super Loki 1 Falling Sphere Meteorological Rocket Kourou France
20.11.1995 Super Loki 1 Falling Sphere Meteorological Rocket Kourou France
08.10.1995 Improved Orion Orion Testflight Kiruna Sweden
14.07.1995 Improved Orion Orion Testflight Kiruna Sweden
02.05.1995 Nike - Improved Orion MiniTEXUS 3 Kiruna Sweden 200,5 2,9
29.04.1995 Nike - Improved Orion MiniTEXUS 4 Kiruna Sweden 162,5 2,8
28.03.1995 - 31.05.1995 Viper IIIA 21 Falling Spheres Aerosole Andøya Norway
25.01.1995 Viper IIIA 1 Falling Sphere SCIFER Andøya Norway
25.01.1995 Black Brant XII SCIFER Andøya Norway
15.01.1995 EXPRESS TJALIRI Australia
30.11.1994 Skylark 7 TEXUS 33 Kiruna Sweden 331,2
12.08.1994 Nike - Orion Echo 94 / Cone Andøya Norway
31.07.1994 Nike - Orion Echo 94 / Dusty Andøya Norway
28.07.1994 Nike - Orion Echo 94 / Dusty Andøya Norway
22.07.1994 - 17.08.1994 Viper IIIA 12 Falling Spheres Echo 94 Andøya Norway
05.05.1994 Skylark 7 TEXUS 32 Kiruna Sweden 390,1
03.05.1994 Nike - Improved Orion MiniTEXUS 2 Kiruna Sweden 162,0 2,9
19.02.1994 Orion Rasmus 5 Kiruna Sweden
29.11.1993 Nike - Improved Orion MiniTEXUS 1 Kiruna Sweden 160,0 2,9
26.11.1993 Skylark 7 TEXUS 31 Kiruna Sweden 346,4
04.11.1993 Skylark 7 MASER 6 Kiruna Sweden 372,0
02.08.1993 Nike - Orion NLC - 93 Kiruna Sweden
02.08.1993 Nike - Orion NLC - 93 Kiruna Sweden
Viper IIIA 6 Falling Spheres NLC - 93 Kiruna Sweden
18.07.1993 - 19.08.1993 Viper IIIA 5 Falling Spheres TURBO-SCALE Andøya Norway
2 Nike - Orion TURBO-SCALE Andøya Norway
26.05.1993 Nike - Orion Aerospatial CEL France
01.05.1993 Skylark 7 TEXUS 30 Kiruna Sweden 375,7
27.02.1993 Orion Strafam 3/21 Kiruna Sweden
18.02.1993 Balloon STRAFAM 3/2 Kiruna Sweden
10.02.1993 Balloon STRAFAM 3/2 Kiruna Sweden
08.02.1993 Balloon STRAFAM 3/2 Kiruna Sweden
22.11.1992 Skylark 7 TEXUS 29 Kiruna Sweden 397,0
08.11.1992 Castor 4B MAXUS 1B Kiruna Sweden 784,7
18.08.1992 Nike - Improved Orion MiniTEXUS 1 Kiruna Sweden
23.04.1992 - 03.06.1992 21 Viper IIIA Aerosole Andøya Norway
11.05.1992 Balloon Mikroba 5 Kiruna Sweden
09.04.1992 Black Brant IX MASER 5 Kiruna Sweden
23.11.1991 Skylark 7 TEXUS 28 Kiruna Sweden 381,5
04.10.1991 Nike - Orion Turbo - Metal Andøya Norway
03.10.1991 Nike - Orion Turbo - Metal Andøya Norway
30.09.1991 Nike - Orion Turbo - Metal Andøya Norway
20.09.1991 Nike - Orion IOMAS Andøya Norway
20.09.1991 Nike - Orion Turbo - Metal Andøya Norway
17.09.1991 Nike - Orion Turbo - Metal Andøya Norway
10.9.1991 - 04.10.1991 Super Loki / 2 Falling Spheres Metal Andøya Norway
Viper IIIA / 8 Chaff Metal Andøya Norway
Viper IIIA / 9 Falling Spheres Metal Andøya Norway
Aug 1991 Nike - Improved Orion MiniTEXUS Test Kiruna Sweden
09.08.1991 Nike - Orion NLC - 91 Kiruna Sweden
01.08.1991 Nike - Orion NLC - 91 Kiruna Sweden
Jul/Aug 1991 Nike - Orion NLC - 91 Kiruna Sweden
Nike - Orion NLC - 91 Kiruna Sweden
Black Brant V NLC - 91 Kiruna Sweden
Black Brant V NLC - 91 Kiruna Sweden
3 Super Arcas NLC - 91 Kiruna Sweden
Viper IIIA 6 Falling Spheres NLC - 91 Kiruna Sweden
Viper IIIA 2 Chaff NLC - 91 Kiruna Sweden
08.05.1991 Castor 4B MAXUS 1 Kiruna Sweden 766,2
09.04.1991 Skylark 7 Sissi 4 Kiruna Sweden
09.04.1991 Orion Rasmus 4 Kiruna Sweden
Apr 1991 Super Loki 3 Data Sondes Sissi 4 Kiruna Sweden
Apr 1991 Viper IIIA 2 Falling Spheres Sissi 4 Kiruna Sweden
06.02.1991 Balloon STRAFAM 3/1 Kiruna Sweden
04.02.1991 Balloon STRAFAM 3/1 Kiruna Sweden
03.02.1991 Orion Strafam 3/2 Kiruna Sweden
26.01.1991 Balloon STRAFAM 3/1 Kiruna Sweden
26.01.1991 Balloon STRAFAM 3/1 Kiruna Sweden
22.01.1991 Balloon STRAFAM 3/1 Kiruna Sweden
18.01.1991 Balloon STRAFAM 3/1 Kiruna Sweden
25.11.1990 Skylark 12 MAXUS - Test (Spin Rack) Kiruna Sweden
15.11.1990 Skylark 7 TEXUS 27 Kiruna Sweden 360,2
02.08.1990 Skylark 6 Sissi 3 Kiruna Sweden
26.07.1990 Skylark 7 Sissi 2 Kiruna Sweden
Jul/Aug 1990 Super Loki 4 Data Sondes Sissi 3 Kiruna Sweden
Jul/Aug 1990 Viper IIIA 2 Falling Spheres Sissi 2 Kiruna Sweden
23.05.1990 Balloon Mikroba 4 Kiruna Sweden
15.05.1990 Skylark 7 TEXUS 26 Kiruna Sweden 381,3
13.05.1990 Skylark 7 TEXUS 25 Kiruna Sweden 385,3
29.03.1990 Black Brant IXB MASER 4 Kiruna Sweden
13.03.1990 Nike - Orion Dyana CEL France
06.03.1990 Nike - Orion Dyana CEL France
06.03.1990 Improved Orion Rasmus 3 Kiruna Sweden 85,0
06.03.1990 Skylark 6 Sissi 1 Kiruna Sweden
20.02.1990 Nike - Orion Dyana CEL France
Jan-Mar 1990 Super Loki 25 Data Sondes Dyana Andøya Norway
Jan-Mar 1990 Viper IIIA 24 Chaff Dyana Andøya Norway
Jan-Mar 1990 Viper IIIA 35 Falling Spheres Dyana Andøya Norway
Jan-Mar 1990 S520 Dyana Andøya Norway
Jan-Mar 1990 6 Nike - Orion Dyana Andøya Norway
25.01.1990 Orion Strafam 2/3 Kiruna Sweden
17.01.1990 - 26.02.1990 4 Super Loki / 3 Viper IIIA Uchinoura Japan
06.12.1989 Skylark 7 TEXUS 24 Kiruna Sweden 375,9
25.11.1989 Skylark 7 TEXUS 23 Kiruna Sweden 363,7
16.08.1989 - 31.08.1989 2 Super Loki / 7 Viper IIIA Uchinoura Japan
08.05.1989 Balloon Mikroba 3 Kiruna Sweden
03.05.1989 Skylark 7 TEXUS 22 Kiruna Sweden 410,5
30.04.1989 Skylark 7 TEXUS 21 Kiruna Sweden 332,7
10.04.1989 Black Brant IXC MASER 3 Kiruna Sweden
09.02.1989 Skylark 2AC Rose 4 Kiruna Sweden
07.02.1989 Skylark 2AC Rose 3 Kiruna Sweden
30.01.1989 Orion Strafam 2/2 Kiruna Sweden
06.12.1988 Orion Rasmus 2 Kiruna Sweden
05.12.1988 Skylark 2AC Rose 2 Andøya Norway
02.12.1988 Skylark 7 TEXUS 20 Kiruna Sweden 391,8
28.11.1988 Skylark 7 TEXUS 19 Kiruna Sweden 381,7
26.11.1988 Skylark 2AC Rose 1 Andøya Norway
03.09.1988 Skylark 12 Interzodiak 2 Natal Brasil
Jun/Jul 1988 Viper IIIA 10 Chaff Mac - Sodium Andøya Norway
09.05.1988 Skylark 7 Test Flight Kiruna Sweden
06.05.1988 Nike - Black Brant V TEXUS 18 Kiruna Sweden 368,8
02.05.1988 Nike - Black Brant V TEXUS 17 Kiruna Sweden 347,0
12.04.1988 Balloon Mikroba 2 Kiruna Sweden
29.02.1988 Black Brant IXC MASER 2 Kiruna Sweden
23.11.1987 Skylark 7 TEXUS 16 Kiruna Sweden 379,7
12.11.1987 Nike - Orion Mac - Epsilon Andøya Norway
12.11.1987 Nike - Orion Mac - Epsilon Andøya Norway
21.10.1987 Nike - Orion Mac - Epsilon Andøya Norway
21.10.1987 Nike - Orion Mac - Epsilon Andøya Norway
15.10.1987 Nike - Orion Mac - Epsilon Andøya Norway
Viper IIIA 9 Chaff Mac - Epsilon Andøya Norway
Viper IIIA 8 Falling Spheres Mac - Epsilon Andøya Norway
24.08.1987 Skylark 7 Super Nova 1987A Woomera Australia
Jun/Jul 1987 4 Super Arcas Mac - Sine Andøya Norway
Jun/Jul 1987 Streched Super Loki 28 Chaff Mac - Sine Andøya Norway
Jun/Jul 1987 Viper IIIA 27 Falling Spheres Mac - Sine Andøya Norway
09.05.1987 Skylark 7 TEXUS 15 Kiruna Sweden 379,1
06.05.1987 Orion Rasmus 1 Kiruna Sweden
03.05.1987 Skylark 7 TEXUS 14B Kiruna Sweden 372,7
30.03.1987 Balloon MPAE Lindau Hyderabad India
19.03.1987 Black Brant IXB MASER 1 Kiruna Sweden
17.02.1987 Orion Strafam Kiruna Sweden
July 1986 Nike - Orion MAED Kiruna Sweden
July 1986 Nike - Orion MAED Kiruna Sweden
July 1986 Nike - Orion MAED Kiruna Sweden
July 1986 Super Loki 6 Falling Spheres MAED Kiruna Sweden
14.05.1986 Balloon Microba 1 Kiruna Sweden
12.05.1986 Skylark 7 TEXUS 14 Kiruna Sweden 372,7
30.04.1986 Skylark 7 TEXUS 13 Kiruna Sweden 379,9
30.10.1985 Radarvermessung NAVEX D1 DFVLR Oberpfaffenhofen Germany
14.05.1985 Orion Strafam Kiruna Sweden
06.05.1985 Skylark 7 TEXUS 12 Kiruna Sweden 365,1
27.04.1985 Skylark 7 TEXUS 11 Kiruna Sweden 350,5
03.03.1985 Skylark 12 Interzodiak 1 Natal Brasil
22.02.1985 Orion Test with CFK-Fins Natal Brasil
15.02.1985 Orion Test with CFK-Fins Natal Brasil
30.01.1985 Skylark 12 Caesar 2 Andøya Norway 162,9 3,4
15.05.1984 Skylark 7 TEXUS 10 Kiruna Sweden 375,8
03.05.1984 Skylark 7 TEXUS 9 Kiruna Sweden 359,0
18.02.1984 Nike - Orion Map - Wine Andøya Norway 171,0 4,2
16.02.1984 Nike - Orion Map - Wine Andøya Norway 171,0 4,2
10.02.1984 Nike - Orion Map - Wine Andøya Norway 170,0 4,1
10.02.1984 Skylark 7 Map - Wine Kiruna Sweden
31.01.1984 Orion Strafam Kiruna Sweden
31.01.1984 Nike - Orion Map - Wine Andøya Norway 170,0 4,1
27.01.1984 Skylark 12 Caesar 1 Andøya Norway 160,0 3,4
25.01.1984 Nike - Orion Map - Wine Andøya Norway 171,0 4,2
13.01.1984 Nike - Orion Map - Wine Andøya Norway 170,0 4,1
06.01.1983 Nike - Orion Map - Wine Andøya Norway 159,0 3,9
07.12.1983 Nike - Orion Map - Wine Andøya Norway 149,5 3,8
02.12.1983 - 23.02.1984 Streched Super Loki 14 Chaff Map - Wine Andøya Norway
Super Loki 4 Chaff Map - Wine Andøya Norway
Super Loki 35 Data Sondes Map - Wine Andøya Norway
Viper IIIA 58 Falling Spheres Map - Wine Andøya Norway
05.10.1983 Balloon MPAE Lindau Mendoza Argentina
19.09.1983 OL (liquid) Ortrag Kiruna Sweden
13.05.1983 Skylark 7 TEXUS 8 Kiruna Sweden 348,8
05.05.1983 Skylark 7 TEXUS 7 Kiruna Sweden 374,6
27.04.1983 Orion Strafam Kiruna Sweden
09.09.1982 Aries Conestoga I Test Flight Matagorda USA
03.08.1982 Nike - Orion Strafam Kiruna Sweden
08.05.1982 Skylark 7 TEXUS 6 Kiruna Sweden 368,5
29.04.1982 Skylark 7 TEXUS 5 Kiruna Sweden 373,0
09.12.1981 Skylark 7 Energiebilanz (E 2) Kiruna Sweden
14.11.1981 Orion Strafam Kiruna Sweden
08.05.1981 Skylark 7 TEXUS 4 Kiruna Sweden 365,5
30.04.1981 Skylark 7 TEXUS 3B Kiruna Sweden 373,5
01.12.1980 Nike - Orion Energiebilanz Kiruna Sweden
01.12.1980 Nike - Orion Energiebilanz Kiruna Sweden
16.11.1980 Skylark 7 Energiebilanz Kiruna Sweden
16.11.1980 Nike - Orion Energiebilanz Kiruna Sweden
11.11.1980 Nike - Orion Energiebilanz Kiruna Sweden
Petrel Energiebilanz Kiruna Sweden
Taurus - Orion Energiebilanz Kiruna Sweden
Taurus - Orion Energiebilanz Kiruna Sweden
Taurus - Orion Energiebilanz Kiruna Sweden
Skua 3 Chaff Energiebilanz Kiruna Sweden
Super Loki 14 Falling Spheres Energiebilanz Kiruna Sweden
Super Loki 11 Data Sondes Energiebilanz Kiruna Sweden
28.11.1980 Nike - Orion Energiebilanz Andøya Norway 105,0 2,8
16.11.1980 Nike - Orion Energiebilanz Andøya Norway 106,0 2,8
11.11.1980 Nike - Orion Energiebilanz Andøya Norway 105,0 2,8
28.04.1980 Skylark 7 TEXUS 3 Kiruna Sweden 373,3
26.10.1979 Nike - Orion Test Flight Natal Brasil
22.10.1979 Nike - Orion Test Flight Natal Brasil
12.10.1979 Skylark 12 Astro - Hel Natal Brasil
31.03.1979 Aries PORCUPINE, IMS Aries 4 Kiruna Sweden
19.03.1979 Aries PORCUPINE, IMS Aries 3 Kiruna Sweden
13.03.1979 Skylark 7 Astro 4 / 1 Woomera Australia
22.02.1979 Skylark 7 Astro 4 / 2 Woomera Australia
16.11.1978 Skylark 7 TEXUS 2 Kiruna Sweden 360,0
13.09.1978 Orion Basic Orion Test Flight Kiruna Sweden
31.03.1978 - 18.04.1978 76 Meteorological Rockets Andøya Norway
02.02.1978 Orion Basic Orion Test Flight Andøya Norway 45,0 1,9
30.01.1978 Skylark 12 IMS - Teilsturm/NL-T Andøya Norway 202,5 3,7
30.01.1978 Skylark 12 IMS - Teilsturm/NL-T Andøya Norway 202,5 3,7
13.12.1977 Skylark 7 TEXUS Kiruna Sweden 347,0
02.11.1977 Skylark 12 IMS - Teilsturm/NL-T Andøya Norway 202,5 3,7
13.10.1977 Skylark 12 IMS - Teilsturm/NL-T Andøya Norway 202,5 3,7
10.06.1977 Black Brant V Heatpipe 2 Huelva Spain
20.03.1977 Aries PORCUPINE, IMS Aries 2 Kiruna Sweden
16.03.1977 Skylark 7 Polare Hochatmosphäre Andøya Norway 308,5 5,0
20.02.1977 Skylark 7 Polare Hochatmosphäre Andøya Norway 308,5 5,0
08.02.1977 Skylark 7 Polare Hochatmosphäre Andøya Norway 283,0 5,0
26.01.1977 Aries Astro 8/2 White Sands USA
22.01.1977 Skylark 7 Polare Hochatmosphäre Andøya Norway 282,0 5,0
1976 - 1977 Radar Measurement MRCA / TORNADO Workerszell Germany
17.07.1976 Skylark 7 SL 1402 Huelva Spain
27.06.1976 Black Brant IV Astro Huelva Spain
30.03.1976 Aries PORCUPINE, IMS Aries 1 Kiruna Sweden
10.03.1976 Black Brant IV Astro 6 Huelva Spain
22.01.1976 Skylark 7 Heatpipe 1 Kiruna Sweden
21.01.1976 Nike - Apache Winteranomalie Huelva Spain
21.01.1976 Cuckoo - Raven Winteranomalie Huelva Spain
04.01.1976 Nike - Apache Winteranomalie Huelva Spain
04.01.1976 Cuckoo - Raven Winteranomalie Huelva Spain
09.10.1975 Skylark 7 MPI Lindau Astro 7 Huelva Spain
17.05.1975 Balloon Spectro-Stratoscope Palestine USA
14.03.1975 Skylark 7 ASTRO 1/2, MPE Garching Woomera Australia
11.01.1975 Black Brant IV MPE Garching Greenland Greenland
18.12.1974 Black Brant IV MPE Garching Greenland Greenland
17.12.1974 Black Brant IV MPE Garching Greenland Greenland
07.10.1974 Skylark 7 SL 1304 / Astro 9, MPE Garching Huelva Spain
07.05.1974 Research Flight Vehicle (liquid engine) ERNO Test Flight CEL France
Mar 1974 Black Brant IV MPE Garching Andøya Norway
06.02.1974 Black Brant IV MPE Garching Andøya Norway
16.01.1974 Skylark 7 MPE Garching Huelva Spain
11.01.1974 Skua 3 Chaff MPE Garching Huelva Spain
11.01.1974 Super Loki 2 Falling Spheres MPE Garching Huelva Spain
27.11.1973 Skylark 7 ESRO Nutzlast (S 74) Huelva Spain
24.11.1973 Javelin/JA-07 MPE Garching Natal Brasil
18.11.1973 Javelin/JA-06 MPE Garching Natal Brasil
06.10.1973 Skylark 7 ESRO Nutzlast (S 92) Huelva Spain
02.10.1973 Skylark 7 ESRO Nutzlast (S 93) Huelva Spain
04.07.1973 Black Brant VC Aeros - Zusatzprogramm Andøya Norway 198,2 3,2
12.05.1973 Black Brant VC Aeros - Zusatzprogramm Andøya Norway 169,6 2,9
16.02.1973 Black Brant VC Ponta Negra Natal Brasil
07.02.1973 Black Brant VC Ponta Negra Natal Brasil
03.02.1973 Black Brant VC Ponta Negra Natal Brasil
01.02.1973 Black Brant VC Ponta Negra Natal Brasil
13.12.1972 Cuckoo - Zenit Uni Bern Andøya Norway 139,0 2,5
24.10.1972 Research Flight Vehicle (liquid engine) ERNO Test Flight CEL France
10.10.1972 Research Flight Vehicle (liquid engine) ERNO Test Flight CEL France
13.06.1972 - 18.03.1972 Recovery S91 ESRO
11.03.1972 Sand Hawk MPE Garching Thumba India
08.03.1972 Black Brant VC Aeros-Vorprogramm Natal Brasil
05.03.1972 Sand Hawk MPE Garching Thumba India
03.02.1972 Black Brant V Aeros-Vorprogramm Natal Brasil
16.11.1971 Skylark 2 MPE Garching Sardinia Italy
24.03.1971 Skylark MPE Garching Kiruna Sweden
15.03.1971 Skylark MPE Garching Kiruna Sweden
28.01.1971 Nike - Tomahawk MPE Garching Andøya Norway 72,6 2,8
17.01.1971 Nike - Tomahawk MPE Garching Andøya Norway 54,6 2,3
14.01.1971 Skylark 6 Test Flight Aberporth UK
16.12.1970 Nike - Tomahawk Uni Frankfurt Wallops USA
10.12.1970 Nike - Tomahawk Uni Frankfurt Wallops USA
29.11.1970 - 09.12.1970 Recovery 3c ESRO
22.10.1970 Nike - Apache TU Braunschweig Natal Brasil
13.10.1970 Skylark 3 Uni Bonn Sardinia Italy
12.10.1970 Nike - Apache TU Braunschweig Natal Brasil
08.10.1970 Nike - Apache TU Braunschweig Natal Brasil
08.10.1970 Nike - Apache TU Braunschweig Natal Brasil
06.10.1970 Nike - Apache TU Braunschweig Natal Brasil
01.10.1970 Nike - Apache TU Braunschweig Natal Brasil
10.09.1970 - 12.10.1970 Recovery 3b ESRO
12.06.1970 - 27.06.1970 Recovery 3a ESRO
22.03.1970 Skylark 3 Uni Bonn Sardinia Italy
18.03.1970 Black Brant IVA MPI Heidelberg Andøya Norway 75,0 2,1
15.03.1970 Black Brant IVA MPI Heidelberg Andøya Norway 75,0 2,1
08.03.1970 Black Brant VA AZUR - Zusatzprogramm Andøya Norway 126,0 2,1
06.03.1970 Black Brant VA AZUR - Zusatzprogramm Andøya Norway 126,0 2,1
14.02.1970 Black Brant VA AZUR - Zusatzprogramm Andøya Norway 124,0 2,1
14.02.1970 Black Brant VA AZUR - Zusatzprogramm Andøya Norway 124,0 2,1
02.02.1970 Black Brant VA AZUR - Zusatzprogramm Andøya Norway 142,0 2,6
29.01.1970 Javelin-7001/JA-05 DVL, Nike - J-20, SAFO-IONO Natal Brasil
26.01.1970 Javelin-7001/JA-04 DVL, Nike - J-19, SAFO-IONO Natal Brasil
04.07.1969 - 28.07.1969 Recovery 1 + Recovery 2 ESRO
17.03.1969 Nike - Apache MPE Garching Kiruna Sweden
16.03.1969 Nike - Apache TH Bochum Kiruna Sweden
15.03.1969 Nike - Apache MPE Garching Kiruna Sweden 27,0 1,4
04.12.1968 Black Brant III TU Braunschweig Kiruna Sweden 48,0 2,7
03.12.1968 Black Brant III TU Braunschweig Kiruna Sweden
19.11.1968 Black Brant III TU Braunschweig Kiruna Sweden 48,1 2,7
12.06.1968 Nike - Apache MPI Heidelberg Kiruna Sweden 35,0 2,1
11.06.1968 Nike - Apache MPI Heidelberg Kiruna Sweden 35,0 2,1
06.04.1968 Nike - Apache MPE Garching Kiruna Sweden 28,8 1,5
23.03.1968 Nike - Apache MPE Garching Kiruna Sweden
20.03.1968 Nike - Apache MPE Garching Kiruna Sweden 28,8 1,5
05.12.1967 Nike - Apache TU Braunschweig Kiruna Sweden 26,7 1,5
30.09.1967 - 12.11.1967 Nike - Apache MPE Garching Kiruna Sweden
23.10.1967 Nike - Apache TU Braunschweig Kiruna Sweden 28,8 1,5
11.04.1967 Nike - Apache MPE Garching Kiruna Sweden 22,8 1,5
10.04.1967 Nike - Apache MPE Garching Kiruna Sweden 22,8 1,5
09.04.1967 Nike - Apache MPE Garching Kiruna Sweden 22,8 1,5
08.04.1967 Nike - Apache MPE Garching Kiruna Sweden 22,8 1,5
07.04.1967 Nike - Apache MPE Garching Kiruna Sweden 22,8 1,5
21.05.1966 Arcas Total Eclipse, MPE Garching Karystos Greece
20.05.1966 Centaure Total Eclipse, MPE Garching Karystos Greece
20.05.1966 Centaure Total Eclipse, MPE Garching Karystos Greece
20.05.1966 Arcas Total Eclipse, MPE Garching Karystos Greece
20.05.1966 Arcas Total Eclipse, MPE Garching Karystos Greece
20.05.1966 Arcas Total Eclipse, MPE Garching Karystos Greece
20.05.1966 Arcas Total Eclipse, MPE Garching Karystos Greece
20.05.1966 Arcas Total Eclipse, MPE Garching Karystos Greece
20.05.1966 Sparrow Arcas Total Eclipse, MPE Garching Karystos Greece
20.05.1966 Sparrow Arcas Total Eclipse, MPE Garching Karystos Greece
20.05.1966 Sparrow Arcas Total Eclipse, MPE Garching Karystos Greece
20.05.1966 Sparrow Arcas Total Eclipse, MPE Garching Karystos Greece
20.05.1966 Sparrow Arcas Total Eclipse, MPE Garching Karystos Greece
15.05.1966 Arcas Total Eclipse, MPE Garching Karystos Greece
15.05.1966 Centaure Total Eclipse, MPE Garching Karystos Greece
15.05.1966 Sparrow Arcas Total Eclipse, MPE Garching Karystos Greece

Further reading[edit]

  • Peter Turner: Einmal ins All und zurück. DLR, Oberpfaffenhofen 2007, ISBN 978-3-00-022037-1.
  • Burkhard Franke: Forschungsraketen - Technologische Experimente unter Schwerelosigkeit durchgeführt mit TEXUS, MiniTEXUS und MAXUS. Stedinger Verlag, Lemwerder 2007.
  • Wilfried Ley, Klaus Wittmann, Willi Hallmann: Handbuch der Raumfahrttechnik. Carl Hanser Verlag, München 2011, ISBN 978-3-446-42406-7.
  • Kurt Trettner: Deutschlands Raketen starten in Schweden! In: hobby - Das Magazin der Technik. Nr. 15, 1967, S. 88–92.
  • Günther Seibert: The History of Sounding Rockets and Their Contribution to European Space Research. ESA Publications Division, November 2006, ISBN 92-9092-550-7.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kiepenheuer, K. O.; Mehltretter, J. P. (1964). "Spectrostratoscope: A Balloon-Borne Solar Observatory". Applied Optics 3 (12): 1359–1361. doi:10.1364/AO.3.001359. 
  2. ^ Alan Peppard (2012-09-11). "30 Years Ago, First Privately Funded Space Launch Was on Wynne family’s Texas island". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved 2013-09-24. 
  3. ^ John C. Abell (2009-09-09). "Sept. 9, 1982: 3-2-1 … Liftoff! The First Private Rocket Launch". Wired. Retrieved 2014-09-02. 
  4. ^ Wolf H. Goldschmitt (1999-08-27). "Die Deutsche Post schickt Briefe zum Mann im Mond". Die Welt. Retrieved 2013-09-25. 
  5. ^ metropress GmbH (2000-02-08). "Spektakuläre Grußaktion zum Millenniumswechsel - Deutsche Post befördert 2000 Briefe und Karten ins All". news aktuell. Retrieved 2013-09-25. 
  6. ^ Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V. (2008-02-21). "TEXUS 45 erfolgreich gestartet". News-Archiv. Retrieved 2013-10-15. 
  7. ^ Universität Hohenheim (2008-02-13). "Weltraumkrankheit: Wir wollen von Fischen lernen". Presse Archiv. Retrieved 2013-10-15.