Mobile content

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Mobile content is any type of electronic media which is viewed or used on mobile phones, like ringtones, graphics, discount offers, games, movies, and GPS navigation. As mobile phone use has grown since the mid-1990s, the significance of the devices in everyday life has grown accordingly. Owners of mobile phones can now use their devices to make calendar appointments, send and receive text messages (SMS), listen to music, watch videos, shoot videos, redeem coupons for purchases, view office documents, get driving instructions on a map, and so forth. The use of mobile content has grown accordingly.

Camera phones not only present but produce media, for example photographs with a few million pixels, and can act as pocket video cameras.[1]

Mobile content can also refer to text or multimedia hosted on websites, which may either be standard internet pages, or else specific mobile pages.

Transmission[edit]

Mobile content via SMS is still the main technology for communication used to send mobile consumers messages, especially simple content such as ringtones and wallpapers. Because SMS is the main messaging technology used by young people, it is still the most effective way of reaching this target market. SMS is also ubiquitous, reaching a wider audience than any other technology available in the mobile space (MMS, bluetooth, mobile e-mail or WAP). More important than anything else, SMS is extremely easy to use, which makes adoption increase day by day.

Although SMS is an old technology that may someday be replaced by the likes of Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS) or WAP, SMS frequently gains new powers. One example is the introduction of applications whereby mobile tickets are sent to consumers via SMS, which contains a WAP-push that contains a link where a barcode is placed. This clearly substitutes MMS, which has a limited reach and still suffers from interoperability problems.

It is important to keep enhancing the consumer confidence in using SMS for mobile content applications. This means, if a consumer has ordered a new wallpaper or ringtone, this has to work properly, in a speedy and reliable way. Therefore it is important to choose the right SMS gateway provider in order to ensure quality-of-service along the whole path of the content SMS until reaching the consumer's mobile.

Modern phones come with Bluetooth. This allows video to be sent from phone to phone over Bluetooth, which has the advantages that there is no data charge.[2]

Content types[edit]

Apps[edit]

Mobile application development, also known as mobile apps, has become a significant mobile content market since the release of the first iPhone from Apple in 2007. Prior to the release of Apple's phone product, the market for mobile applications (outside of games) had been quite limited. The bundling of the iPhone with an app store, as well as the iPhone's unique design and user interface, helped bring a large surge in mobile application use. It also enabled additional competition from other players. For example, Google's Android platform for mobile content has further increased the amount of app content available to mobile phone subscribers.

Some examples of mobile apps would be applications to manage travel schedules, buy movie tickets, preview video content, manage RSS news feeds, read digital version of popular newspapers, identify music, look at star constellations, view Wikipedia and much more. Many televion networks have their own app to promote and present their content. iTyphoon is an example of a mobile application used to provide information about typhoons in the Philippines.[3]

Games[edit]

Mobile games are applications that allow people to play a game on a mobile handset. The main categories of mobile games include Puzzle/Strategy, Retro/Arcade, Action/Adventure, Card/Casino, Trivia/Word, Sports/Racing, given in approximate order of their popularity.[4]

Several studies have shown that the majority of mobile games are bought and played by women. Sixty-five percent of mobile game revenue is driven by female wireless subscribers. They are the biggest driver of revenue for the Puzzle/Strategy category; comprising 72 percent of the total share of revenue, while men made up 28 percent (see Table 2). Women dominate revenue generation for all mobile game categories, with the exception of Action/Adventure mobile games, in which men drive 60 percent of the revenue for that category.[5] It's also said that teens are three times as likely as those over twenty to play cell phone games.[6]

Images[edit]

Mobile images are used as the wallpaper to a mobile phone, and are also available as screensavers. On some handsets images can also be set to display when a particular person calls the users. Sites like adg.ms allow users to download free content, however service operators such as Telus Mobility blocks non Telus website downloads.

Music[edit]

Mobile music is any audio file that is played on a mobile phone. Mobile music is normally formatted as an AAC (Advanced Audio Coding) file or an MP3, and comes in several different formats. Monophonic ringtones were the earliest form of ringtone, and played one tone at a time. This was improved upon with polyphonic ringtones, which played several tones at the same time so a more convincing melody could be created. The next step was to play clips of actual songs, which were dubbed Realtones. These are preferred by record labels as this evolution of the ringtone has allowed them to gain a cut of lucurative ringtone market. In short Realtones generate royalties for record labels (the master recording owners) as well as publishers (the writers), however, when Monophonic or Polyphonic ringtones are sold only publishing or "mechanical" royalties are incurred as no master recording has been exploited.[7] Some companies promote covertones, which are ringtones that are recorded by cover bands to sound like a famous song. Recently Ringback tones have become available, which are played to the person calling the owner of the ringback tone. Voicetones are ringtones that play someone talking or shouting rather than music, and there are various of ringtones of natural and everyday sounds. Realtones are the most popular form of ringtones. As an example, they captures 76.4% of the US ringtone market in the second quarter of 2006, followed by monophonic and polyphonic ringtones at 12% and ringback tones and 11.5% – but monophonic and polyphonic ringtones are falling in popularity while ringback tones are growing.[8] This trend is common around the globe. A recent innovation is the singtone, whereby "the user’s voice is recorded singing to a popular music track and then “tuned-up” automatically to sound good. This can then be downloaded as a ringtone or sent to another user’s mobile phone" said the director of Synchro Arts, the developers.

As well as mobile music there are full track downloads, which are an entire song encoded to play on a mobile phone. These can be purchased and bought over the mobile network, but data charges can make this prohibitive.[9] The other way to get a song onto a mobile phone is by "side loading" it, which normally involves downloading the song onto a computer and then transferring it to the mobile phone via Bluetooth, infra-red or cable connections. It is possible to use a full track as a ringtone. In recent years, websites have sprung that allow users to upload audio files and customize them into ringtones using specialized applications, including Myxer, Bongotones and Zedge.

Mobile music is becoming an integral part of the music industry as a whole. In 2005 the International Federation of Phonographic Industries (IFPI) said it expects mobile music to generate more revenues that online music before the end of that year.[10] In the first half of 2005 the digital music market grew enough to offset the fall in the traditional music market – without including the sale of ringtones, which still makes up the majority of mobile music sales around the globe.[11]

Video[edit]

Mobile video comes in several forms including 3GPP, MPEG-4, RTSP and Flash Lite.[citation needed]

Mobishows and Cellsodes[edit]

A Mobishow or a Cellsode are terms to describe a broadcast quality programme / series which has been produced, directed, edited and encoded for the mobile phone. Mobishows and Cellsodes can range from short video clips such as betting advice or the latest celebrity gossip, through to half hour drama serials. Examples include The Ashes and Mr Paparazzi Show which both were created for mobile viewing.

Streaming[edit]

Radio[edit]

Mobile streaming radio is an application that streams on-demand audio channels or live radio stations to the mobile phone. In the U.S., mSpot[12] was the first company to develop and commercialize streaming radio which went live in March 2005 on Sprint. Today all major carriers offer some sort streaming radio service featuring programmed stations based on popular genres and live stations which included both music and talk.[13]

TV[edit]

Mobile video also comes in the form of streaming TV over the mobile network, which must be a 2.5G or 3G network. This mimics a television station in that the user cannot elect to see what they wish but must watch whatever is on the channel at the time.

There is also mobile broadcast TV, which operates like a traditional television station and broadcasts the content over a different spectrum. This frees up the mobile network to handle calls and other data usage, and because of the "one-to-many" nature of mobile broadcast TV the video quality is a lot better than that streamed over the mobile networks, which is a "one-to-one" system.

The problem is that broadcast technologies don't have a natural up link, so for users to interact with the TV stream the service has to be closely integrated to the carriers mobile network. The main technologies for broadcast TV are DVB-H, Digital Multimedia Broadcasting (DMB) and MediaFLO.

Live Video[edit]

Live video can also be streamed and shared from your cell phone through applications like Qik. The uploaded video can be shared to your friends through Emails or Social Networking sites. Most Live video streaming application works over the cell network or through Wi-Fi. They also require most users to have a dataplan from their cell phone carriers.

International trends[edit]

Since the late 1990s, mobile content has become an increasingly important market worldwide. The South Koreans are the worlds Leaders in Mobile Content and 3-G mobile networks, then the Japanese, followed closely by the Europeans, are heavy users of their mobile phones and have been attaining custom mobile content for their devices for years. In fact, mobile phone use has begun to exceed the use of PCs in some countries. In the United States and Canada, mobile phone use and the accompanying use of mobile content has been slower to gain traction because of political issues and because open networks do not exist in America.

On current trends, mobile phone content will play an increasing role in the lives of millions across the globe in the years ahead, as users will depend on their mobile phones to keep in touch not only with their friends but with world news, sports scores, the latest movies and music, and more.[14]

Mobile content is usually downloaded through WAP sites, but new methods are on the rise. In Italy, 800,000 people are registered users to Passa Parola, an application that allows users to browse a big database for mobile content and directly download it to their handsets. This tool can also be used to recommend content to others, or send content as a gift.[15]

An increasing number of people are also beginning to use applications like Qik to upload and share their videos from their cell phone to the internet.[citation needed] Mobile phone software like Qik allows user to share their videos to their friends through emails, SMS and even social networking sites like Twitter and Facebook.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nokia N93 datasheet www.nokia.com, 2006, retrieved 15 August 2006
  2. ^ Bluetooth video www.esato.com 5 August 2004, retrieved 15 August 2006
  3. ^ Escandor Jr., Juan; Barrameda, Shiena (December 22, 2011). "Locally developed app forewarned ‘Sendong’ fury". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved January 22, 2012. 
  4. ^ "Puzzle/Strategy and Retro/Arcade Mobile Games Are the Most Popular Among U.K. 3G Subscribers, According to Telephia" Telephia, July 12, 2006, retrieved August 15, 2006
  5. ^ Telephia January 2006 Report
  6. ^ Five Interesting Facts About Mobile Games, Youpark
  7. ^ "Mobile Music Royalty Explained" MocoNews, June 22nd, 2005, retrieved August 15, 2006
  8. ^ "Realtones Account for More Than 76 Percent of Mobile Consumer Spending on Music Personalization, According to Telephia" Telephia, August 7, 2006, retrieved August 15, 2006
  9. ^ "Mobile Data Charges A Key Enabler of D2C Mobile Music" Research and Markets, July 2006, retrieved August 15, 2006
  10. ^ "Mobile downloads to overtake the net" by Cosima Marriner, Guardian Unlimited, August 3rd 2005, retrieved August 15th 2006
  11. ^ "Digital sales triple to 6% of industry retail revenues as global music market falls 1.9%" IFPI, October 3rd, 2005, retrieved August 15th, 2006
  12. ^ http://www.mspot.com
  13. ^ "Radio Redux". CBS News. April 11, 2005. 
  14. ^ The Benefits of Going Mobile
  15. ^ Mobile Entertainment news article www.mobile-ent.biz, 2007, retrieved 19 September 2007

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]