Mobile phone industry in China

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3G TD-SCDMA mobile phones on display at a China Mobile's branch (Photo taken in February, 2010, in Dalian, China
Foreign companies' cell phones, such as Motorola RAZR and its various models (GSM), are popular in China.
Nokia's mobile phones, such as Nokia E71(GSM & W-CDMA), are popular among the business users.

China's mobile phone industry or cell phone industry has high growth rate, raising its share on the global mobile phone market. During 2007, 600 million mobile phones were made in China which accounted for over 50% of the global production.[citation needed]


  • In 1987, wireless telephone communication in the modern sense started by the Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications of China, using GSM technology. A nation-wide network was completed in the following year.[1]
  • In 2000, the fixed telephone company (China Telecom) and two cell phone telephone companies (China Mobile and China Unicom) were spun off from the Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications
  • In 2002, the fixed telephone company was split into two: China Netcom for North China and China Telecom for South China
  • Until 2008, China's cell phone service was provided by the three companies:
  • In 2008, another reorganization of the telecommunications industry was made a year before the 3G service was granted.

Mobile phone service providers[edit]

After the 2008 reorganization of China's telecommunication industry, there are now three cell phone service providers.

China Mobile[edit]

China Mobile (Chinese: 中国移动) continues the old China Mobile's service, absorbed China Railway Communications, and began 3G service using TD-SCDMA, China's own technology.

China Unicom[edit]

China Unicom (Chinese: 中国联通) continues the old China Unicom's GSM service, absorbed the old China Netcom's network of fixed telephones in the north of the Yangtze River in China, and started 3G service using W-CDMA technology.

China Telecom[edit]

China Telecom (Chinese: 中国电信) continues PHS service of the old China Netcom and China Telecom, continues the old China Telecom's network of fixed telephones in the south of the Yangtze River, and began 3G service using CDMA2000 technology.

Mobile phone industry[edit]

Wireless communication is regulated by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology. The mobile phone industry in China has grown to become a large industry, including research of new technology, manufacturing of cell phones and building of telephone networks, participated by not only the domestic companies but also the foreign companies, such as:

Huawei Technologies is expected to surpass Nokia-Siemens Networks and Alcatel-Lucent to become the second largest manufacturer of telecommunications equipment, after Ericsson, in 2009.

ZTE and China Mobile have done turnkey mobile phone network projects in Pakistan, Ethiopia, etc.

Mobile phones[edit]

Mobile phone manufacturers[edit]