Mobile phone industry in the United States
The Mobile phone industry in the United States is covered in this article. Mobile phones are usually called "cell phones" in the United States.
Wireless service operators
There are four operators in the United States that offer nationwide mobile phone service. Two of these (AT&T and T-Mobile US) provide service using the GSM standard, while the other two (Verizon and Sprint) principally use CDMA. All also operate LTE standard for 4G services.
- Verizon Wireless, headquartered in Basking Ridge, New Jersey is a subsidiary of Verizon Communications that offers 2G service using cdmaOne, 3G service using cdma2000, and 4G service using LTE. See its coverage area map.
- AT&T Mobility, headquartered in Atlanta, Georgia, subsidiary of AT&T Inc., offers 2G service using GSM technology, 3G service using W-CDMA technology, and 4G service using HSPA+ and LTE technology. See its coverage area map.
- Sprint Corporation, headquartered in Overland Park, Kansas, majority owned by Japanese telecommunications company Softbank, offers 2G service using cdmaOne, 3G service using CDMA2000 technology, and 4G service using LTE. See its coverage area map.
- T-Mobile US, headquartered in Bellevue, Washington, is a subsidiary of T-Mobile International AG in Germany. T-Mobile US offers 2G service using GSM, 3G service using W-CDMA, and 4G service using HSPA+ and LTE. See its coverage area map.
Subsidiaries and Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
- subsidiary of Sprint Corporation, Boost Mobile provides prepaid wireless service using Sprint's CDMA, WiMAX, and 4G LTE network.
- subsidiary of AT&T Inc., Cricket Wireless provides service using AT&T's GSM, HSPA+, and LTE network.
- part of T-Mobile US, MetroPCS currently provides service using T-Mobile's GSM, HSPA+, and LTE network.
- MVNO using Verizon, AT&T, Sprint, and T-Mobile, subsidiary of Mexican operator America Movil, TracFone Wireless provides prepaid wireless service under the TracFone, NET10 Wireless, Straight Talk, Telcel America, SIMPLE Mobile and PagePlus Cellular brands using the U.S. largest wireless networks.
- subsidiary of Sprint Corporation, Virgin Mobile USA provides prepaid wireless service using Sprint's CDMA, WiMAX, and 4G LTE network.
Mobile phone industry
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The Federal Communications Commission is the main regulator of the mobile phone industry in the United States. Qualcomm is the inventor of and main contributor to cdmaOne and CDMA2000 mobile phone standards.
Mobile phone manufacturers
- Alcatel One Touch
- Microsoft Mobile Oy (previously Nokia Oyj)
- NEC Casio (G'zOne)
- Personal Communications Devices (PCD)
Mobile phone vs. cell phone
While it is "mobile phone" in British English, it is "cell phone" in American English. The term "cell phone", short for "cellular phone" came into the day-to-day American English vocabulary during the 1980s when the mobile phone companies had to distinguish their mobile phone that can be carried from one cell to another, each controlled by a land-based antenna, from the earlier Improved Mobile Telephone Service phones. In Wikipedia, "mobile phone" is more often used because it can be used across various technologies.