Mocedades

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Mocedades
Mocedades2006.jpg
The Group in 2006.
Background information
Origin Bilbao, Spain.
Genres Folk, pop
Years active 1969–present
Labels Zafiro, CBS, Sony Music, DiscMedi, Walt Disney, Klasico
Website www.mocedades.com
Members Izaskun Uranga
Javier Garay
Begoña Costa
Aitor Melgosa
Luis Hornedo
Past members Amaya Uranga
Roberto Uranga
José Ipiña
Estíbaliz Uranga
Sergio Blanco
Rafael Blanco
Francisco Panera
Carlos Zubiaga
Ana Bejerano
Iñaki Uranga
Inés Rangil
Íñigo Zubizarreta
José García
José Antonio Las Heras
Idoia Arteaga
Arsenio Gutiérrez
Iratxe Martínez de Arenaza
Rosa Rodríguez
Fernando Gonzalez

Mocedades is a Spanish singing group from the Basque Country, who represented Spain in the Eurovision Song Contest in 1973 with the hit song "Eres Tú". It should not be confused with the group El Consorcio, composed of former Mocedades members who left the group and made a career independent from Mocedades, although both groups have been often confused in many countries, especially in South America, where Consorcio is wrongly addressed as "Mocedades" or "previously named Mocedades".[1]

Group formation[edit]

In 1967, in the Basque city of Bilbao, three young sisters, Amaya, Izaskun and Estibaliz Uranga, formed a vocal trio named Las Hermanas Uranga (The Uranga Sisters). They sang in various locations at Bilbao. During their rehearsals, their brothers and friends joined. Eventually they decided to form a vocal group named Voces y guitarras ("Voices and Guitars") with folk and spiritual music and The Beatles as their influences. The members of Voces y guitarras were Amaya Uranga, Izaskun Uranga, Estibaliz Uranga, Roberto Uranga, Rafael Blanco, Sergio Blanco, José Ipiña, Javier Garay and Francisco "Paco" Panera. They spent a year performing around their hometown before sending a demo cassette to producer Juan Carlos Calderón in Madrid. He took an immediate interest in the group and renamed them Mocedades, meaning "youths," from the Spanish word mocedad, which means "youth." Javier Garay could not join them because of his military service, and so Mocedades started out as an eight-member group.

Eurovision and worldwide success[edit]

In 1970, both Ipiña (for military service) and Panera (to become a professor at a local university) left Mocedades. Javier Garay who had previously belonged to Voces y Guitarras rejoined the group in 1970 after serving in the Spanish military in Africa. Estíbaliz Uranga and the Blanco brothers followed in 1971, and in 1972 Ipiña returned and Carlos Zubiaga (from Los Mitos) joined. It was with this configuration of six (three Uranga siblings, Zubiaga, Garay and Ipiña), known in Spain as "The Six Historic Ones", that Mocedades achieved its greatest successes.

The group was now on its way to making a remarkable string of hits, most notably "Eres tú " ("You are..."), runner up in 1973 and the next year a massive hit in Europe and the United States of America. "Eres tú" became one of the only Spanish language songs to reach the top 10 in the United States, peaking at #9 in the Billboard Hot 100 chart and also reaching the top 10 on the Adult Contemporary chart. In the United States, the song is an airplay favorite today on Adult Standards and Easy Listening radio. The B-side of the single was the English-language version of the song ("Touch the Wind"), but radio stations preferred to play the original A-side version. There were also several cover versions of the tune in both English and Spanish, only one of which ("Touch the Wind" as done in English by Eydie Gorme), charted, becoming a minor Adult Contemporary hit. The song was re-released in English as "Touch The Wind" in later years. It was subsequently released in German (Das bist Du, or "You Are That"), French (C'est pour toi, or "It Is For You"), Italian (Viva noi, or "Long Live Us"), and Basque (Zu Zara, or "You are"). The song was the only U.S. Billboard hit for Mocedades; a follow-up, "Dime Señor" ("Tell Me, Lord", with "I Ask The Lord" on its B-side), flopped.

The 1973 Eurovision Song Contest was marked by a scandal, with charges that "Eres tú" was plagiarized and merely a rewrite of the Yugoslav entry from the 1966 contest ("Brez Besed", sung by Berta Ambrož). Nevertheless, "Eres tú" was not disqualified. After winning second place in the contest, and as of 2013 the highest score for Spain with 125 points, the song went on to become a huge international hit. (Per Mocedades' homepage [below] Juan Carlos copyrighted the lyrics in 1972)

However, many more hits followed in Latin America and Spain, most notably "Tómame o déjame" ("Take Me or Leave Me"), "El vendedor" ("The Peddler"), "La otra España" ("The Other Spain") and "Me siento seguro" ("I Feel Secure"). In 1980 Mocedades signed up to CBS Records, now Sony, and recorded more songs for the Spanish-speaking market, including "¡Ay amor!" ("Oh Love") and "Amor de hombre" ("Love of Man"), which was the first Mocedades track to enter English-speaking charts since the smash hit "Eres tú".

In 1984, the lead singer, Amaya Uranga, left the group to pursue a solo career, and was replaced by Ana Bejerano, with whom Mocedades recorded three more albums for CBS. For the third album, also José Ipiña and Carlos Zubiaga had left the group, and had been replaced by Iñaki Uranga, one of the youngest brothers of the family. The comparisons between Amaya and Ana were lethal for Mocedades' mainstream popularity, and after this last album at Sony, the group was almost disbanded when Ana, Iñaki and Roberto left it, leaving Izaskun and Javier as the only historic members left. They reformed the group adding Ines Rangil, José García and Iñigo Zubizarreta to the group, establishing Izaskun as the female leader of the team and recovering the style of the first years, without a particular soloist at all. This Mocedades made in 1995 another album entitled "Suave luz" ("Soft light") before the new members left it again in 1996. They were quickly replaced by Idoia Arteaga, Jose Antonio Las Heras, Arsenio Gutierrez and Fernando Gonzalez, and this new team worked again with Juan Carlos Calderon to make an album for Walt Disney Recors, where they performed their own versions of Disney songs in Spanish. They started appearing in television again, but suddenly, in 1999, Izaskun had a car accident which forced her to stay in bed for two years, and in the meantime, the group ceased its activity. Due to the lack of work, Idoia, Arsenio and Fernando left Mocedades, while José Antonio and Javier patiently waited for Izaskun's full recovery.

In 2001, Mocedades came back, recruited Luis Hornedo and Iratxe Martinez, and started performing live concerts in Spain and Latin America with a some success, while they promoted themselves in the Internet. They recorded several demo songs from the Beatles, but they never were released. 2005 proved to be an annus horribilis for Mocedades, since three members from different phases of the group died in a matter of months, Rafael Blanco, Roberto Uranga and José Antonio Las Heras, the last one still being an active member of the group. He was replaced by a returning Fernando González. Iratxe also left the group and the music business, and she was replaced by Rosa Rodríguez. Mocedades, with Izaskun Uranga, Javier Garay, Luis Hornedo, Rosa Rodríguez and Fernando Gonzalez recorded a new album, "Mocedades canta a Juan Luis Guerra", with songs from the Dominican singer Juan Luis Guerra. This album was only released in Latin America as is the only Mocedades album which remains unreleased in Spain. In 2010, Fernando momentarily left the group and was replaced by Edorta Aiartzagüena for their successful tour through the USA. After their return to Spain, in 2011, Fernando returned. On June 2012, Javier Garay announced at the group's web page the release of a new album. The first two songs, called "Fue mentira" and "El diluvio universal" are available in iTunes. However work on the album has been temporarily haulted since the sudden departure of Rosa Rodríguez and Fernando Gonzalez from the group at the end of 2012.[2] Early in 2013 they were replaced by Begoña Costa and Aitor Melgosa who participated in the group's 45th anniversary tour of Mexico. The current line-up of Mocedades is Izaskun Uranga (the only member of the group who has never left it since its foundation as Las Hermanas Uranga), Javier Garay, Luis Hornedo, Begoña Costa, and Aitor Melgosa.[3]

Members[edit]

The first date listed in brackets is the year in which the member joined Mocedades - the second date is the year in which they left.

Twenty-five people in all have been part of Mocedades since its inception.

Covers[edit]

A well known cover version of "Eres Tú" was recorded by Perry Como on April 29, 1974.

A guitar instrumental version of "Eres Tú" was used in a Bank of New Zealand TV advertising campaign in the 1990s.

In the movie Tommy Boy, there's a scene in which Chris Farley and David Spade sing the original Spanish version of "Eres Tú".

Discography[edit]

  • 1969 Mocedades 1
  • 1970 Mocedades 2
  • 1971 Mocedades 3
  • 1973 Mocedades 4
  • 1974 Mocedades 5
  • 1975 La otra España
  • 1976 El Color de tu Mirada
  • 1977 Mocedades 8
  • 1978 Kantaldia
  • 1978 Mocedades 10
  • 1980 Amor
  • 1981 Desde que tú te has ido
  • 1982 Amor de hombre
  • 1983 La musica
  • 1984 15 años de música
  • 1984 La vuelta al mundo de Willy Fog
  • 1986 Colores
  • 1987 Sobreviviremos
  • 1992 Intimamente
  • 1995 Suave luz
  • 1997 Mocedades canta a Walt Disney
  • 2007 Mocedades canta a Juan Luis Guerra

Release dates in Spain are shown except the 2007 album which was only released in America.

Singles[edit]

  • Eres Tu (Touch The Wind) US # 9 - March 1974 - AC # 8, 1974
  • Dime Senor { AC # 48, 1974 }

"Best of" albums[edit]

  • Recuerdos de Mocedades
  • Lo mejor de Mocedades
  • Especial de: Mocedades
  • Especial de: Mocedades 2
  • Mocedades 11/12
  • Mocedades
  • Mocedades 2
  • Mocedades en Euzkera
  • Todo Mocedades
  • Mocedades 3
  • Álbum de oro
  • 15 éxitos 15—Mocedades
  • 14 éxitos de Mocedades
  • 12 grandes éxitos
  • Lo mejor de Mocedades 2
  • 20 de colección
  • Antología—Sus 30 grandes canciones
  • Antología 2
  • Queridos Mocedades
  • Internacional
  • Serie Brillantes—Mocedades
  • Lo mejor de Mocedades 3
  • Serie Platino—20 Éxitos—Mocedades
  • Personalidad
  • Personalidad Vol. II
  • Grandes Éxitos
  • Más allá + Mocedades 8
  • Lo mejor de Mocedades 4
  • Ayer y hoy
  • Ídolos de siempre
  • Colección la vida por delante
  • Latin Stars - Mocedades - 15 Éxitos
  • Colección original
  • Recuerdos
  • 30 aniversario
  • Tómame o déjame
  • La otra España
  • Maitechu mía
  • Las cosas sencillas
  • 40 grandes éxitos
  • Mocedades - RCA Club
  • Éxitos de Mocedades
  • 22 Ultimate Latin hits 2002

Songs not included in the original albums[edit]

  • 1969 Navidad Feliz (Happy Christmas) (never released on vinyl or on CD but sung on the Spanish TV network TVE with Marisol)
  • 1970 Viejo Marino (side B of a special edition single (45rpm) of the Latin religious song Pange Lingua)
  • 1970 Un mundo mejor (not released, sung on the Spanish TV network TVE. Mocedades and Voces Amigas both sang this song in the competition to choose a group to represent Spain in Eurovision.)
  • 1973 Gitano (originally not released, included in the re-mastering of Mocedades 5 and on Eres tú, los grandes éxitos. Mocedades chose Eres tu over this song to compete in Eurovision.)
  • 1973 4 covers of the song Eres tu done in German: Das Bist Du, French: C'est pour toi, English: Touch the Wind and Italian: Viva noi. The same melody and orchestration was used for each cover but the translations of the lyrics were quite different from the original Eres tu.
  • 1981 El Niño Robot (The Robot Kid) (included in the album Cosas de niños in which several Spanish groups sing children's songs)
  • 1981 Los Cochinitos Dormilones (The 3 Little Sleepy Pigs) (included in the album Cosas de niños)
  • 1981 Desde que tú te has ido was released in Brazil and Portugal with 2 songs re-done in Portuguese. The title song Desde que tu te has ido was redone as Despedida (Se voce for embora) and Peter Skellern's You're a Lady was redone as Reencontro. Both Portuguese versions can now be heard on YouTube.
  • 1983 Amor primero (duet with Patxi Andión on one of his albums)
  • 1983 Lo creas o no (cover of the American hit song: Believe It or Not the theme song of the American TV program The Greatest American Hero) (never included in any of the albums by Mocedades but appears on side B of the single Maitechu mía, with Plácido Domingo; it is also included in Antología 2)
  • 1985 Lluvia de plata (a duet with Sergio y Estibaliz on their album Cuidado con la noche which was recorded after Amaya Uranga left the group but before Ana Bejerano joined the group.)
  • 1986 Ay, amor (a duet with Jose Luis Perales on one of his albums.)
  • 1992 Las 1001 Américas (included on a 45rpm single with the two theme songs from the cartoon series Las 1001 Americas)
  • 1992 Volando en tu imaginación (included on a 45rpm single with the two theme songs from the cartoon series Las 1001 Americas)
  • 1997 Mi tierra (a duet with Nino Bravo in his second greatest hits album. Although Nino Bravo had died in 1973, two sets of Greatest Hits albums were produced with some songs artificially made into duets with modern Spanish singers.)
  • 1997 Dicen (a duet with Nino Bravo in his second greatest hits album. Other singers in this song included Eva Ferri, Sandra Morey, Ma Conchita Alonso, Marcos Llunas, Jacobo Calderon (son of album producer Juan Carlos Calderon,) Michelle and Maria Caneda.)
  • ???? Vieja ciudad (never released on its own but finally included in Antología 2)
  • ???? Tiempo de vals (never released on its own but finally included in Antología 2)

Covers of Eres tú[edit]

  • 101 Strings - Eres tu
  • Acker Bilk - Eres tu
  • Al estilo de Mocedades - Eres tu
  • Alvaro Clemente - Eres tu
  • Amaya Uranga/Juan Carlos Calderon - Eres tu
  • Anacani - Eres tu
  • Andrés Calamaro - Eres tu
  • Annemieke & Jan Rot - Dicht Bij Jou (Dutch)
  • Atalaje - Eres tu
  • Austin Kley & Mantovani - Eres tu
  • Bedevilers - Eres tu (punk rock)
  • Bert Kaempfert - Touch The Wind (English)
  • Bertín Osborne - Eres tu
  • Bing Crosby - Eres tu
  • Bo Derek - Eres tu
  • Bres Bezed - Eres tu
  • Bullerfnis - Rør Ved Mig (Danish)
  • Byron Lee and the Dragonaries - Eres tu
  • Calito Soul - Eres tu
  • Cerveza Mahou - Eres tu
  • Daniela Castillo - Eres tu
  • Dansk top - Rør Ved Mig (Danish)
  • David and the High Spirits - Eres tu
  • Eydie Gorme - Eres tu
  • El Chaval De La Peca - Eres tu
  • El Consorcio - Eres tu
  • El Frenillo de Gaugin - Eres tu (Punk Rock)
  • El ser y ser - Eres tu (Rap)
  • Estela Raval - Eres tu (from Argentina)
  • Floyd Cramer - Touch The Wind (English)
  • Gé Korsten - Touch The Wind (English)
  • Gebroeder Brouwer - Eres tu (Trumpet instrumental)
  • GrupoSarao - Eres tu
  • Hella Joof & Peter Frödin - Rør Ved Mig (Danish)
  • Howard Morrison Chor - Eres tu
  • III of a Kind Philippines - Eres tu
  • Ilanit - Eres tu
  • Inger Lise Rypdal - I Mitt Liv (Norwegian)
  • Inger Öst - Rör vid mig (Swedish)
  • Instrumental - Eres tu
  • Jimmy Mitchell - Eres tu (Spanish with American accent)
  • Johanna of La Academia 4ta Generación - Eres tu
  • Johnny Mathis and Juan Carlos Calderon - Touch the Wind (English with Spanish chorus)
  • Johnny Reimar - Rør Ved Mig (Danish)
  • Johnny Rodriguez - Eres tu
  • José Augusto - Eres tu
  • José Calvário - Eres Tu (orchestral version)
  • Juan Carlos Calderón - Eres tu (Composer version)
  • Justo Lamas - Eres tu
  • Karaoke - Eres tu
  • Karel Gott, Spravny Ton - Eres tu (Czech)
  • Kathy Kelly - Eres tu
  • Katri Helena - Runoni Kaunein Olla Voit (Finnish)
  • Katri Helena - Sinä Vain (Finnish)
  • Kelly Family - Eres tu
  • Khanh Ha - Co Gai Rung Mo (Vietnamese)
  • Korean Choir - Eres tu
  • La Decada Prodigiosa - Eres tu
  • Lady lu - Eres tu
  • Landscape - Touch The Wind (English)
  • Lecia & Lucienne - Lecia & Lucienne - Rør Ved Mig (Danish)
  • Lettermen - Eres tu
  • Liceo Panamericano - Eres tu
  • Little Angels Of Korea - Eres tu
  • Lola Ponce - Eres tu
  • Luis Chacon - Eres tu
  • Luis Miguel - Eres tu
  • Lupita D'Alessio - Eres tu
  • Mantovani Orchestra - Eres tu
  • Mariachi Vargas - Eres tu
  • Mona - I mitt liv (Norwegian)
  • Pan Flute - Eres tu (Pan Flute)
  • PANDORA - Eres tu
  • Parrita - Eres tu
  • Patricia Y Los Stars - Eres tu
  • Patti Donelli @ USC-Pgh - Touch the Wind (English)
  • Percy Faith - Touch the Wind (English)
  • Perry Como - Eres tu
  • Perpetuum Jazzile - Brez besed/Eres tu (ironic medley of Eres tu with the song Calderon was accused of copying)
  • Perry Como - That's You (English)
  • Petula Clark - Will My Love Be You (English)
  • Pistas - Eres tu (Panflute)
  • Ray Conniff - Eres tu
  • Reggae Chico Man - Eres tu
  • Regina Orozco - Eres tu
  • Rika Zarai - C'est pour toi (French)
  • Rina Hugo - Jy's vir my (Afrikaans)
  • Roberto Delgado - Eres tu (Instrumental)
  • Rob's Band - Eres tu
  • Rodrigo e Rogério - É você (Brazilian Portuguese)
  • Romantica de Xalapa - Eres tu
  • Sandy Caldera - Eres tu
  • Shegundo Galarza e a Sua Grande Orquestra - Eres Tu (orchestral version)
  • Sonny James - Eres tu
  • Soul Sanet - Eres tu
  • Stef Meeder - Tweedle dee, Eres tu medley instr
  • Supremas de Mostoles - Eres tu
  • Sweethearts - Rør Ved Mig (Danish)
  • TBC - Rør Ved Mig (Danish Rap)
  • Tish Hinojosa - Eres tu
  • Unknown, tenor - Du Bist Wie Die Sonne (German)
  • volkana - Eurovision medley including Eres tu
  • Wheeler St James - Touch the wind (English)
  • Willeke Alberti - Waar naartoe (Dutch)
  • Zereno - Eres tu

See also[edit]

Related acts:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Article from Radio Formula, 6 Oct 2011
  2. ^ "Presentación". Grupomocedades.com. Retrieved 2012-03-19. 
  3. ^ Article from Notigape

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Jaime Morey
with "Amanece"
Spain in the Eurovision Song Contest
1973
Succeeded by
Peret
with "Canta y sé feliz"