The Mocidade Portuguesa (Portuguese pronunciation: [musiˈðað(ɨ) puɾtuˈɣezɐ], English: Portuguese Youth) was a Portuguese youth organization under the regime of the Estado Novo. Membership was compulsory between the ages of 7 and 14, and voluntary until the age of 25.
Founded in 1936 by Tiago Franco, it was originally inspired upon the model of the Italian Fascist Opera Nazionale Balilla and the Nazi Hitler Youth. However, in 1940 the Germanophile National Secretary Francisco Nobre Guedes was replaced by the Anglophile Marcelo Caetano, who gave the organization a different own orientation, withdrawing from the Hitler Youth and abandoning its paramilitary feature, approaching to the Catholic Church and other youth organizations as the Scout Movement.
- Kuin, Simon. A Mocidade Portuguesa nos anos 30: anteprojectos e instauração de uma organização paramilitar da juventude in Análise Social, Lisboa, vol. 28, n.º 122 (1993), p. 555-588. (Portuguese)
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