Modelling or modeling in is:
- a method used in certain techniques of psychotherapy whereby the client learns by imitation alone, without any specific verbal direction by the therapist (See Cognitive Behavior Therapy) and
- a general process in which persons serve as models for others, exhibiting the behavior to be imitated by the others This process is most commonly discussed with respect to children in developmental psychology.
Confusingly, the word refers both to the behavior of the learner and the teacher.
As the name implies, in the modeling the client learns new skills by imitating another person, such as a parent or therapist, who performs the behavior to be acquired. A younger client may be exposed to behaviors or roles in peers who act as assistants to therapist & then be encouraged to imitate & practice the desired new responses. for example, modeling may be used to promote the learning of simple skills such as self-feeding for a profoundly mentally retarded child, or more complex skills such as being more effective in social situations for a shy withdrawn adolescent.
- VandenBoss, Gary (2006) APA Dictionary of Psychology. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association
- Westen, D.; Burton, L. & Kowalski, R. (2006) Psychology: Australian and New Zealand Edition. Milton, QLD. John Wiley and Sons.
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