37th Mountain Infantry Division Modena
|37th Mountain Infantry Division Modena|
|Country|| Regno d'Italia
Kingdom of Italy
Royal Italian Army
|Engagements||World War II
Italian invasion of France
|General Alessandro Gloria|
|Modena Division collar insignia|
The 37th Mountain Infantry Division Modena was an Infantry Division of the Italian Army during World War II. The Modena Division took part in the Italian invasion of France and the Greco-Italian War. Mountain Divisions are not to be confused with the "Alpini" specialized mountain troops. The Mountain divisions had pack horse artillery instead of the usual towed type.
Invasion of France
The Italian invasion of France in June 1940 was a small scale invasion that started near the end of the Battle of France. The goal of the Italian offensive was to take control of the Alps mountain range and the region around Nice. The offensive did not meet its planned goals, with the Italian forces making only limited headway. The Modena Division was stationed on the French border in July 1940 and was part of the Italian XV Corps for the invasion.
After the invasion of France the Modena was sent to Albania and joined the Italian XXV Corps which took part in the Greco-Italian War. After the Greek surrender it remained in Greece as an occupying force in the Athens area. It served as an occupation force in the Athens region until the Italian surrender to the Allies in September 1943.
General Alessandro Gloria
Order of battle
- 41. Modena Infantry Regiment
- 42. Modena Infantry Regiment
- 341. Infantry Regiment
- 29. Cosseria Artillery Regiment
- 36. Cristoforo Colombo CCNN Battalion (Blackshirts)
- 37. Mortar Battalion
- 37. Anti-Tank Company
- 37. Signal Company
- 76. Signal Company
- 19. Pioneer Company
- 48. Medical Section
- 10. Field Bakery
- 15. Carabinieri Section [nb 1]
- An Italian infantry division normally consisted of two infantry regiments (three battalions each), an artillery regiment, a mortar battalion (two companies), and an anti-tank company. A Blackshirt Legion of two battalions was sometimes attached. Each division had only about 7,000 men. The infantry and artillery regiments contained 1,650 men, the Blackshirt Legion 1,200, and each company had 150 men.