Modern Arabic poetry
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By definition, Arabic poetry is poetry written in formal Arabic and follows one of the 16 rhymes (Arabic: بحور الشعر). The structure follows an internal or/and external technique. Historians of Arabic literature not only classified Arabic poetry in reference to sequential periods of the nations that had ruled in the Arab regions but also the poets according to their nationality such as: Iraqi poets, Palestinian poets, etc.
Researchers and critics of Arabic poetry usually classify this poetry in two categories: classical and modern poetry. Classical poetry was written before the Arabs' awakening. Thus, all poetry that was written in the classical style is called classical or traditional poetry since it follows the traditional style and structure. It is also known as horizontal poetry in reference to its horizontal parallel structure.
Modern poetry, on the other hand, deviated from classical poetry in its content, style, structure, rhyme and topics. Thus, Syrian writer and poet Francis Marrash introduced poetic prose and prose poetry in modern Arabic literature in the middle of the 19th century. Stylistically, modern Arabic poetry can be classified in several categories such as: free poetry, modernity poetry, contemporary poetry, trochee poetry and prose. Other classification can be set according to the generation such as: the sixtieth poetry, the seventieth poetry etc. Some of the classification might not mean anything but others reflect controversial point of views between critics and poets' artistic styles and topics.
See also 
- Jayyusi, Salma Khadra (1977). Trends and Movements in Modern Arabic Poetry. Volume I. Brill. p. 23. ISBN 978-9004049208.