Equipment of the Pakistan Army

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Pakistan Army
Flag of the Pakistani Army.svg
Leadership
Chief of Army Staff
Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee
Organisation and Components
Structure of the Pakistan Army
Frontier Corps
Frontier Works Organisation
Special Service Group
Army Cantonment Board
Pakistan Armoured Corps
Installations
General Headquarters
Pakistan Military Academy
Command and Staff College
National Defence University
Personnel
Army Ranks of Pakistan
Pakistan Army Generals
Equipment
Modern equipment
History and Traditions
Military history of Pakistan
UN Peacekeeping Missions
Pakistan Army FC
Awards, Decorations and Badges
Awards and Decorations
Nishan-e-Haider

The equipment currently in use by the Pakistan Army is divided into the following main sections: small arms, armour, artillery, aircraft and air defence systems.

Small arms[edit]

The Heckler & Koch G3 is the Pakistan Army's standard assault rifle, shown here is the G3A3 model.
The M4A1 with SOPMOD package, including Rail Interface System (RIS) and Trijicon ACOG 4x.
Steyr AUG A1 with 508 mm (20 inch) barrel.
AK-103 assault rifle.
Weapon Comments
Handguns
Austria Glock 17 [1]
Austria Glock 26 [1]
West Germany HK P7 [1]
Austria Steyr M9A1 Recently acquired by SSW.[1]
Italy Beretta 92F Used by Special Services Group (SSG) of the Pakistan Army.[2]
Germany SIG Sauer P226 Used by Special Services Group (SSG) of the Pakistan Army.[3]
Soviet Union Tokarev Produced locally [1]
Sub-machine guns (SMG) and carbines:
West Germany Heckler & Koch MP5 Manufactured by POF.[1][4]
West Germany Heckler & Koch MP5K Also used by Airport Security Force & Personal Security Detail of VIP's.[1] Manufactured by POF in Wah Cantt.[4]
Belgium FN P90 [1]
United Kingdom Sterling SMG Used in small numbers.[5]
Assault rifles
China Type 56 Chinese-manufactured AK-47.[1]
China Type 81 [6]
Russia AK-103 Used by SSG (Army) & SSG (Navy).[7]
United States M16A1 Used by SSG.[citation needed]
United States M4A1 carbine Used by SSG.[1]
Austria Steyr AUG [1]
Belgium FN F2000 [1]
Battle rifles
West Germany Heckler & Koch G3 The PA's service rifle. G3A3, G3P4 variants in service.[1] Manufactured by POF.[8]
Belgium FN FAL Used in small numbers.[9]
Grenades
United States M26 grenade [10]
United States M67 grenade [1]
Sniper rifles
Soviet Union Dragunov SVD [11]
West Germany HK PSG1 Manufactured under license by POF.[1][12]
Austria Steyr SSG 69 [1]
Anti-material rifles
Azerbaijan Istiglal Small number in service.[13][14]
United States M82 Barret [1]
Machine guns
Belgium FN MAG [1]
Belgium FN Minimi Para [1]
West Germany MG3 Manufactured under license by Pakistan Ordnance Factories.[1][15]
Soviet Union RPD [1]
Soviet Union DShKM Heavy Machine Gun.[16]
Soviet Union KPV Heavy Machine Gun [17]
United States M2 Browning Heavy Machine Gun [5]
Grenade launchers
Sweden Carl Gustav recoilless rifle [1]
United States Mk 19 grenade launcher [1]
United States M203 grenade launcher [18]
Soviet UnionRPG-7 Type 69 variant manufactured under license by Pakistan Ordnance Factories.[1][19]
Soviet Union RPG-29 [1]
South AfricaMilkor MGL [20]

Armour[edit]

M113 APC
Otokar Cobra Armoured Vehicle
CS/VP3 MRAP
M60 AVLB
Vehicle/System Firm Number in Service Status
Main Battle Tanks (MBT)
PakistanChina Al-Khalid II In Early stages of development and believed to incorporate re-designed turret, Upgraded modular armour package and Sensors, Improved ammunition and new Powerpack developing 1,500 hp. As of 2012, two prototypes are developed.
PakistanChina Al-Khalid I -- Currently in production.[21]
PakistanChina Al-Khalid 300+ As of January 2013.[22]
Ukraine T-80UD 320 320 delivered by Ukraine between 1997 and early 2002, incorporating re-designed T-84 turret. [1] Negotiations on between Russia & Pakistan to upgrade the T-80UD tanks jointly.[23][24]
ChinaPakistan Al-Zarrar 600 Upgraded form of Type 59.[25]
ChinaPakistan Type 85-IIAP 300 [1]
ChinaPakistan Type 69-II 400 [1]
China Type 63 50 Light Amphibious tank.[26]
China Type 59 600 Being upgraded to Al-Zarrar standard.[25]
Soviet Union T-54/55 54 In Reserve.[27]
United States M48A5 300 In Reserve.[25]
Armoured Personnel Carriers
Infantry Fighting Vehicles
Armoured Cars
Pakistan APC Talha 400+ Total 2,000 planned to be deployed.[26][28]
Turkey Otokar Akrep 260 [29]
United Kingdom Ferret AFV 90 [25]
China WZ551 -- [30]
Saudi Arabia Al-Fahd IFV 140 [31]
Pakistan Al-Hamza IFV -- In Service. [1]
China Type 63 80 [26]
Pakistan Sakb -- [citation needed]
Pakistan Al-Qaswa -- 200 to be procured.[1]
Soviet Union PT-76 32 Delivered by Indonesia between 1969 and 1970.[32]
United States M113 1600 [1]
Pakistan Saad APC -- Currently in production.[1]
United States M901 ITV 24 [33]
Soviet Union BTR-70 / BTR-80 120 [1]
Pakistan Mohafiz -- In Service & Additional APCs being procured.[1]
West Germany UR-416 46 In Service.[27]
CzechoslovakiaPoland OT-64 SKOT 6 Delivered by Slovakia in 1993.[32]
Turkey Otokar Cobra 10 [34]
Soviet Union BRDM-2 -- [35]
Mine Protected & Clearing Vehicles
United States Cougar 20 Buffalo EOD version. Delivered in 2010.[32][36]
China Type CS/VP3 -- Mine Resistant Ambush Protected Vehicle. Unknown Number on Order.[37]
Armoured Recovery Vehicles
United States M88A1 ARV 52 In Service.[25]
Pakistan Al-Hadeed -- Based on APC Talha.[28]
China Type 653 ARV -- ARV based on the chassis of the Type 69 tank.[38]
Armoured Bridging Vehicles
United States M60A1 AVLB -- In Service.[1]
United States M48 Armoured Vehicle Launched Bridge -- In Service.[1]

Utility & Support Vehicles[edit]

Unimog U 4000
Name Type Quantity Comments
Japan Toyota Hilux 4x2 Pickup truck
4x4 Pickup truck
-- 4x2 and 4x4 variants in Service.[39]
United Kingdom Land Rover Defender 4x4 Light-utility vehicle 5,000 Land Rover Defender 90's & 110's in service.[40]
Germany Unimog U 4000 4x4 Multi-utility truck -- In Service.[41]
Germany Unimog U 5000 4x4 Multi-utility truck -- In Service.[42]
Italy Isoli M60 Recovery Crane Light Recovery Vehicle 500+ Mounted on Iveco trucks.[43]
Pakistan Yasoob Truck 4x4 Medium truck
6x6 Heavy duty truck
-- Small number in service.[44][45]
United States M-34 / M-35 6x6 Medium truck -- Large number in service. Re-engining (diesel) and refurbishment done under the SHAHZORE Project.[45]

Artillery inventory[edit]

M109A5 self-propelled howitzer
MKEK Panter towed howitzer
M115 towed howitzer
Vehicle/System Calibre Quantity Comments
Self-propelled artillery
United States M110 howitzer 203 mm 60 Tracked chassis.[27]
United States M109A2 155 mm 150+ Tracked chassis. Being upgraded to M109A5 standard.[29][46]
United States M109A5 155 mm 115 Tracked chassis. 67 delivered by US in 2008.[47] 48 more supplied in February 2010.[48] Total 297 Planned to be acquired.[49]
China NORINCO SH1 155 mm 90 6×6 wheeled chassis.[50]
United States M7 Priest 105 mm 50 Being Phased out.[25]
MLRS-Multiple Launch Rocket System
United States M270 227 mm -- Around 150 to be delivered by US via Jordan (Ex-US).[51]
China A-100E 300mm 42 42 ordered in 2008 and delivered between 2011 and 2012.[52]
Pakistan KRL 122 122 mm 40 Truck-mounted. Kahuta Research Laboratories from Pakistan have developed a rocket launcher that is very similar to the North-Korean BM-11 [25]
PakistanChina Azar (Type 83) 122mm 52 Pakistani variant of Type 83.[27]
Towed artillery
United States M115 203 mm 28 [27]
Turkey MKEK Panter 155 mm 72 12 ordered for evaluation in 2007 & delivered by Turkey between 2008-2009. Another 60 produced locally under ToT between 2011 and 2013 [52] by Heavy Industries Taxila (HIT).[49]
United States M198 155 mm 148 Delivered in 1997. [1]
United States M114 155 mm 144 [1]
United States M59 155 mm 30 [26]
China Type 59-I 130 mm 410 [27]
China Type 54 122 mm 490 [27]
China Type 60 122 mm 200 [29]
United States M56 105 mm 113 [27]
Soviet Union D-30 122mm 143 Delivered by China between 2003 & 2004.[32]
Italy OTO Melara Mod 56 105mm 50 Delivered by Italy between 1975 and 1978.[32]
United States M101 105 mm 250 In Service.[25]
China Type 56 85 mm 200 [29]
United Kingdom Ordnance QF 25 pounder 88mm 1000 [25]

Aircraft inventory[edit]

Helicopters[edit]

AH-1S Cobra attack helicopters
Mil Mi-17 transport helicopter
Aircraft Role Quantity Comments
United States Bell AH-1F/S Cobra Attack helicopter 51 20 AH-1S supplied by US between 1984 and 1986 ; 12 AH-1F acquired in 2007;[32] One AH-1F squadron (14 helicopters) supplied in March 2010.[53] 8 Ex-Jordanian AH-1S Cobras inducted in October 2013.[54] Three lost to Crashes.
France Eurocopter AS550 C3 Fennec Attack helicopter -- 10 to be acquired.[55] To be armed with 70 mm (2.75 inch) unguided rockets.[56]
France Aérospatiale Puma Transport helicopter 30 [57]
Soviet Union Mil Mi-17 Transport helicopter 92 According to World Airforces 2009.[58]
United States Bell 206 Jet Ranger Utility helicopter 15 [57]
United States Bell 407 Utility helicopter 45
United States Bell 412 Utility helicopter 25 [59]
United States Bell UH-1 Huey Utility helicopter 30
France Eurocopter AS550 U2 Fennec Utility helicopter 50 Unarmed variant in service.
France Aérospatiale Alouette III Utility helicopter 43 Being phased out.
France Aérospatiale SA-315B Lama Utility helicopter 34 Being phased out.

Unmanned aerial vehicles[edit]

Aircraft Role Quantity Comments
Pakistan GIDS Shahpar UAV Reconnaissance 5 Five inducted in 2012. Currently in production.[60]
Pakistan GIDS Uqab UAV Reconnaissance 20+ In service since 2008.[60][61]

Anti-tank[edit]

Name Type Quantity Comments
ChinaPakistan Baktar-Shikan Anti-tank missile 21,350 Manufactured under license by Kahuta Research Laboratories of Pakistan. 21,350 produced between 1990 and 2012.[32]
United States BGM-71 TOW Anti-tank missile 1,005 Delivered by United States between 1983 - 1986.[citation needed]
United States BGM-71C Anti-tank missile 2,030 Delivered between 1987 - 1990.[32]
United States TOW-2A Anti-tank missile 4,790 Delivered between 2006 - 2008 and 2008 - 2011.[32]
United States TOW-2RF Anti-tank missile 422 Delivered between 2008 - 2011.[32]
United States M40 recoilless rifle Recoilless rifle 2,000 105 mm recoilless gun.[26]
Soviet Union AT-11 Sniper Anti-tank missile 1,920 Delivered by Belarus in 1997 - 1999.[32]
SwitzerlandWest Germany Cobra Anti-tank missile 3,500 3,500 Delivered by Germany between 1965 - 1979. Cobra-1600 and Cobra-2000 versions In service.[32]
FranceWest Germany MILAN Anti-tank missile -- Used in Small numbers.[citation needed]

Air defence systems[edit]

Name Type Quantity Comments
France Crotale Surface-to-air missile -- In service.[62]
Italy Aspide-2000
Italy Spada 2000
Surface-to-air missile 10 batteries
China HN-5A MANPADS 200 Delivered by China between 1989 and 1990.[63]
Pakistan Anza Mk-I MANPADS 1000 Produced under license between 1989 and 1998.
Pakistan Anza Mk-II MANPADS 1650 Produced under license between 1994 and 2012.
Pakistan Anza Mk-III MANPADS --
France Mistral MANPADS 230 [64]
Sweden RBS 70 MANPADS 913 In Service.[65]
United States FIM-92 Stinger MANPADS 350 [66]
China PG99 (CS/SA1) Anti-aircraft gun -- One batch purchased in 2011.[67]
Switzerland Oerlikon 35 mm twin cannon Anti-aircraft gun 215 GDF-002 and GDF-005 in Service.[64]
Sweden Bofors 40 mm Anti-aircraft gun 50 L/60 version.[27]
China Type 55 / Type 65 Anti-aircraft gun 310 [64]
Soviet Union ZPU Anti-aircraft gun 981 ZPU-1, ZPU-2 & ZPU-4 in service.[68]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al "Pakistan Army". 
  2. ^ "Pakistan's SSG". 
  3. ^ "IDEAS 2006: Pakistan selects SIG Sauer pistols for Special Forces". Jane's Information Group. [dead link]
  4. ^ a b "POFs – ProductsOrdnance – Infantry Weapons – SubMachine Gun MP5". Pakistan Ordnance Factories. Retrieved 2013-02-23. 
  5. ^ a b Jones, Richard D. Jane's Infantry Weapons 2009/2010. Jane's Information Group; 35 edition (January 27, 2009). ISBN 978-0-7106-2869-5.
  6. ^ "Type 81 / 81-1". Nazarian's Gun's Recognition Guide. 
  7. ^ "Special Forces (Maritime) (Pakistan), Amphibious and special forces". Jane's Information Group. [dead link]
  8. ^ "POF - Automatic Rifle G3A3 & G3P4". Pakistan Ordnance Factories. 
  9. ^ "The History of the FAL/LAR". Retrieved 2012-12-24. 
  10. ^ "M26". Retrieved 2013-01-22. 
  11. ^ "SVD". Retrieved 2013-03-12. 
  12. ^ "POF - Semi Automatic Precision Sniper Rifle PSR 90". Pakistan Ordnance Factories. Retrieved 2013-02-28. 
  13. ^ "Bigger Is No Longer Better". strategypage.com. May 22, 2013. Retrieved June 26, 2013. 
  14. ^ "Necessary to prepare for war inside the country even in Baku, military expert". news.az. 21 January 2010. Retrieved 26 June 2013. 
  15. ^ "POF - Machine Gun MG3 (MG1A3)". Pakistan Ordnance Factories. 
  16. ^ O'Halloran, Kevin. Rwanda: Unamir 1994/1995. Big Sky Publishing. ISBN 9781921941481. 
  17. ^ "KPV". Retrieved 4 March 2013. 
  18. ^ "M203". Retrieved 04-03-2013. 
  19. ^ "Type 69". Nazarian's Gun's Recognition Guide. Retrieved 28 February 2013. 
  20. ^ "MGL". Retrieved 4 March 2013. 
  21. ^ "Pakistan, China sign contract for manufacturing Al-Khalid-I tank". The Economic Times. 31 December 2012. Retrieved 19 April 2013. 
  22. ^ Arthur, Gordon (28 January 2013). "MAIN BATTLE TANKS IN ASIA". defencereviewasia.com. Retrieved 12 April 2014. 
  23. ^ "Pakistan Army chief General Kayani to visit Russia next week". India Today. September 30, 2012. Retrieved June 6, 2013. 
  24. ^ "Kayani arrives in Moscow". Business Recorder. October 4, 2012. Retrieved June 6, 2013. 
  25. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Pakistan Land Forces military equipment and vehicles of Pakistani Army". 
  26. ^ a b c d e "PAKISTAN ARMY". Retrieved 07-03-2013. 
  27. ^ a b c d e f g h i John Pike. "Pakistan Army Equipment". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 2012-08-10. 
  28. ^ a b "Talha Armored personnel carrier". Retrieved 07-03-2013. 
  29. ^ a b c d Mehta, Admiral Sureesh (2008). South Asia Defence And Strategic Year Book 2008. Pentagon Press. p. 329. ISBN 978-81-8274-320-5. 
  30. ^ "WZ-551 (Type 90/92) Wheeled Armoured Personnel Carriers, China". Retrieved 09-03-2013. 
  31. ^ Singh, R.S.N. (March 2009). The Military Factor in Pakistan. Lancer Publishers. p. 379. ISBN 978-0981537894. 
  32. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l SIPRI Arms Transfers Database
  33. ^ P. Miglietta, John (2002). American Alliance Policy in the Middle East, 1945-1992: Iran, Israel, and Saudi Arabia. Lexington Books. p. 257. ISBN 9780739103043. 
  34. ^ "Cobra Armored Personnel Carrier". 
  35. ^ "BRDM-2". weaponsystems.net. Retrieved 7 January 2014. 
  36. ^ "Major U.S. Arms Sales and Grants to Pakistan Since 2001". 
  37. ^ Ansari, Usman (19 March 2013). "Pakistan To Unveil MRAP Vehicle". Defense News. Retrieved 19 March 2013. 
  38. ^ F Foss, Christopher (22 November 2000). "Al Khalid MBT to enter production". Retrieved 15 April 2013. 
  39. ^ Shakir, Anwar (October 21, 2010). "`Epicenter' of Terror Gets Chinese Dam in First Step to Stability". Bloomberg News. Retrieved May 10, 2013. 
  40. ^ Omar, Khalid (October 5, 2003). "Jeeps in Pakistan". Retrieved 13 May 2013. 
  41. ^ "Unimog U 4000". deagel.com. Retrieved 8 May 2013. 
  42. ^ "Unimog U 5000". deagel.com. Retrieved 8 May 2013. 
  43. ^ "Isoli expands in Pakistan". June 13, 2011. Retrieved 2013-04-30. 
  44. ^ "INDIGENISATION: ONLY A MATTER OF WILL". Pakistan & Gulf Economist. Jul 13–19, 1996. Retrieved 8 May 2013. 
  45. ^ a b "A Journey from Scratch to Nuclear Power". pakistanarmy.gov.pk. Retrieved 8 May 2013. 
  46. ^ "Cold War Bargains Still To Be Had". strategypage.com. February 22, 2010. Retrieved 7 June 2013. 
  47. ^ Pubby, Manu (August 25, 2009). "India artillery upgrade stuck, Pak gets howitzers from US". The Indian Express. Retrieved May 25, 2013. 
  48. ^ "U.S. delivers 48 field artillery cannons to Pakistan Army". News.xinhuanet.com. 2010-02-14. Retrieved 2012-08-10. 
  49. ^ a b Ansari, Usman (10 October 2011). "Pakistan Pushes Artillery Upgrade Program". Defense News. [dead link]
  50. ^ "SH1 155-mm Self-Propelled Howitzer". Military-Today.com. Retrieved 2012-08-10. 
  51. ^ "US Pakistan Arms Deal". New Europe. 22 July 2013. Retrieved 24 July 2013. 
  52. ^ a b Sipri: Trade Registers
  53. ^ "US transfers Cobra helicopters to Pakistan". GEO News. March 16, 2010. Retrieved April 22, 2013. 
  54. ^ Warnes, Alan (11 October 2013). "Ex-Jordanian Cobras enter service in Pakistan". shephardmedia.com. Retrieved 30 October 2013. 
  55. ^ Romero, Alexis (December 2, 2012). "Phl loses chance to acquire attack helicopters". The Philippine Star. Retrieved June 25, 2013. 
  56. ^ Ansari, Usman (24 June 2013). "Pakistani Security Forces Scramble To Find Attackers in Remote Mountains". Defense News. Retrieved 25 June 2013. 
  57. ^ a b John Pike. "Army Aviation". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 2012-08-10. 
  58. ^ "bell | cessna | lockheed jetstar | 2004 | 09 - 2372 | Flight Archive". Flightglobal.com. 2004-11-22. Retrieved 2012-08-10. 
  59. ^ "US hands over 30 military helicopters to Pakistan". Daily Times. 2007-10-23. Retrieved 2012-08-10. 
  60. ^ a b P. CAVAS, CHRISTOPHER (19 February 2013). "IDEX: Explosion of UAVs at Exhibit". Defense News. Retrieved 14 April 2013. 
  61. ^ Siddiqui, Salman (July 20, 2011). "Navy inducts first fleet of reconnaissance drones". The Express Tribune. Retrieved April 14, 2013. 
  62. ^ Pakistan Intelligence, Security Activities & Operations Handbook. International Business Publications USA. 2006. p. 130. ISBN 9780739711941. 
  63. ^ "AN OVERVIEW OF CHINA’S ARMS SALES". RAND Corporation. Retrieved 28 May 2013. 
  64. ^ a b c Mehta, Admiral Sureesh (2008). South Asia Defence And Strategic Year Book 2008. Pentagon Press. p. 330. ISBN 978-81-8274-320-5. 
  65. ^ Hussain, Maryam (June 2, 2006). "Deal signed with Bofors for missile repair". Daily Times (Pakistan). Retrieved May 26, 2013. 
  66. ^ Sumit Ganguly & S. Paul Kapur (2008). Nuclear Proliferation in South Asia: Crisis Behaviour and the Bomb. Routledge. p. 174. ISBN 9780203892862. 
  67. ^ "Pakistan Acquires Chinese Made Air Defence Artillery". Kanwa Daily News. 2013-03-28. Retrieved 2013-04-10. 
  68. ^ Singh (Retd), Col. Harjeet (December 1, 2009). Pentagon's South Asia Defence and Strategic Yearbook 2010. Pentagon Press. p. 330. ISBN 978-8182744448.