Modern gold dinar

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The modern Islamic gold dinar (sometimes referred as Islamic dinar or Gold dinar) is a currency that aims to revive the historical gold dinar which was a leading coin of early Islam. They consist of minted gold coins, dinar, and silver coins, dirham.

Abdalqadir as-Sufi, founder of the Murabitun World Movement, was once a strong proponent of the idea for the gold dinar revival movement, but in February 2014 he completely distanced himself from it[why?], saying, "So, I now dis-associate myself from all activity involving the Islamic gold dinar and silver dirham". [1] Trinidadian scholar Imran Nazar Hosein has also been promoting the revival of Dinar usage, but has linked its use to Islamic eschatology.

Dinar history[edit]

Main article: Gold Dinar
Crusader coins of the Kingdom of Jerusalem. Left: Denier in European style with Holy Sepulcher. Middle: One of first Kingdom of Jerusalem gold coins. Right: Gold coin after 1250.

According to Islamic law, the Islamic dinar is a coin of pure gold weighing 72 grains of average barley. Modern determinations of weight range from 4.44 grams to 4.5 grams of gold, with the silver Dir-ham being created to the weight ratio of 7:10, yielding coins from 3.11 to 3.15 grams of pure silver.

Umar Ibn al-Khattab established the known standard relationship between them based on their weights: "7 dinars must be equivalent (in weight) to 10 dirhams."[citation needed]

Value and denomination[edit]

Per the historical law slated above, one dinar is 4.44 grams of pure gold, while one dirham is 3.11 grams of pure silver. A smaller denomination, daniq, weighs one sixth as much. The value of each coin is according to their weight and the market value of the two metals. The coins may be minted at fraction or multiples of their weights and valued accordingly.

Adoption[edit]

Indonesia[edit]

The currency was introduced in Indonesia in the year 2000 by Islamic Mint Nusantara (IMN). In 2011 IMN reveal the Mithqal correction both weight and purity and follow by minting the Dinar 4.44 gram or 1/7 troy ounce (9999) and Dirham 3.11 gram or 1/10 troy ounce (9999). IMN-World Islamic Standard introducing 21 coins denomination of dinar and dirham (9999) for the time ever in the world, see Maklumat Pecahan Baru Dinar-Dirham [4]

Malaysia[edit]

In 2002, the prime minister of Malaysia proposed a gold dinar standard for use in the Islamic world.[3]

Kelantan was the first state in the country to introduce the dinar in 2006, which was locally minted. In 2010, it issued new coins, including the dirham, minted in United Arab Emirates by World Islamic Mint.[4] On 25 August 2013 Kelantanese government collected and distributed zakat from people in Kelantanese dinars and dirhams in a public ceremony officiated by Chief Minister Dato Nik Aziz Nik Mat.[5]

The state of Perak followed suit, minting its own dinar and dirham, which was launched in 2011.[6]

Libya[edit]

The IMF estimates that the bank has nearly 144 tons of gold in its vaults. In the months leading up to the UN resolution that allowed the US and its allies to send troops into Libya, Muammar al-Gaddafi was openly advocating the creation of a new currency that would rival the United States dollar and the Euro. Gaddafi called upon African and Muslim nations to join an alliance that would make this new currency, the gold dinar, their primary form of money and foreign exchange. They would sell oil and other resources to the US and the rest of the world only for gold dinars. Along with the uprising in Libya, international news channels on August/September 2011 brought several stories about Muammar Gaddafi's introduction of golden dinar[7] within his "gold-for-oil plan" [8] to possibly trade Libya oil on international markets.[9]

Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant[edit]

The leader of the UN designated terrorist group Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, announced in November 2014 that the caliphate intends to mint its own gold, silver and copper coins in order to free the Muslims from the financial order that has "enslaved and impoverished" them.[10]

The currency would be based on the dinar coins minted by the Caliphate of Uthman ibn Affan and include seven coins: two gold, three silver and two copper, ranging in value from 7¢ to $694, their values based on the intrinsic value of the metals.[11]

Use[edit]

Most of the coins are issued privately and are not legal tender. In Malaysia, the state government of Kelantan allows their use in transactions while it is illegal according to federal law.[citation needed]

Common uses of the gold dinar include:

  1. Buying merchandise from outlets.
  2. Holding accounts, and making and receiving payments as with any other medium of exchange.
  3. Saving, as is done with any form of gold.
  4. Paying zakat and dower as established within Islamic Law.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]