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The term Modh is applied to communities of merchants, Brahmins, carpenters and Ghanchis that originated from Modhera in Gujarat.[1][2]

They are the followers of Modheshwari Maa (also known as Matangi Maa), a form of parvati maa with eighteen hands. They originally lived in a town called Modhera in Patan District in the northern part of Gujarat. The name of the town Modhera was adopted by the community living around the temple of Modheshwari Mata.[citation needed]

In Gujarati and Rajasthan, there are many examples of communities who take their name from a town and thus there exist both Modh Brahmins and Modh Vanias.[3]

According to Prabhavakacarita by Prabhacandra and Pradyumnasuri (finalized in 1277[4]), the famous polymath Hemachandra (1089–1172) was born in the Modh community.,[5][6]


  1. ^ Gujarati lexicon Bhagvadgomandal (1928-1955) મોઢ બ્રાહ્મણ, વાણિયા, સુતાર અને ઘાંચીની એક જ્ઞાતિ. તે મૂળ ચાણસ્મા તાલુકાના મોઢેરા ગામની છે
  2. ^ Cong says Modi born to prosperous caste, added it to OBC list, Express News Service, New Delhi, May 9, 2014
  3. ^ Shah, A. M. (1998). The Family in India: Critical Essays. Orient Blackswan. pp. 134–136. ISBN 9788125013068. 
  4. ^ A Concise History of Classical Sanskrit Literature, Gaurīnātha Śāstrī, p.128
  5. ^ Prabhavakacharitra, Ed. Muni Jinavijaya, Sam. 1997, (1931 AD), Hemachandrasuri-Charitam, p. 183-212
  6. ^ G. Buehler, The Life of Hemachandracharya, Tr. Prof. Dr. Manilala Patel, 1931, Chap II, Hemachandra's Youth, p. 6-11

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