It is believed that the demon Karnat was creating havoc in the region by disturbing the Brahmins during their prayers. Seeking protection from the demon, all the saints went to the goddess Parvatimata. On hearing their grievances, she was angry and started throwing fire from her mouth, which gave birth to an aspect of her known as Modheshwarimata. This incarnation of the goddess has eighteen arms, each having a weapon, like trident and dagger.
She is the clan deity of the Modh community, which consists of three groups: Modh Brahmins, Modh Vaishya and Modh Kshatriya all of whom were residents of the Modheswara region (presently known as Modhera).
Among the ancient temples of Modheswari, one is located at Modhera, which gets its name from the goddess. The temple is located near the ruins of famous Sun Temple, where another original place of worship is situated below the step-well.
- Gujarat State Gazetteers: Mehsana - Page xxiv
- Encyclopaedia of Tourism Resources in India, Volume 2 By Manohar Sajnani. 2001. p. 112.
- Temples of Modheswar