View on Modriča
Location of Modriča within Republika Srpska
|• Mayor||Mladen Krekić (SNSD) |
|• Total||319,8 km2 (1,235 sq mi)|
|Population (2013 census)|
|• Density||86,9/km2 (2,250/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Area code(s)||+387 53|
Modriča (Cyrillic: Модрича) is a city and municipality in Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is located near the towns of Šamac, Derventa and Doboj. After the war, prewar municipal borders were changed, villages of Jakeš, Pećnik and Modrički Lug were excluded from Modriča and included in new Vukosavlje municipality, and a few villages from the western part of prewar Gradačac municipality were included. So the area of municipality changed substantially.
First written document about Modrica is 13th century charter of Hungarian King Bele IV in which Modrica is mentioned as spring: "...fons Modricha, ubi cadit in Boznam “, but it all indicates that it was minor stream which was flowing into Bosna river.
According to traditional stories, Modrica was named after the small river with blue, mountain water. It is assumed that the small river is Dusa. According to other narratives, area bears the name of the old Slavic marks of the blue sky and distances, which are more discerned on the horizon than visible – modrina (the blue) / modriča.
There is archaeological evidence of human presence in the territory of present-day Modrica municipality back in the Paleolithic - Old Stone Age. This is evidenced by traces discovered at the site Gradina in the village of Dugo Polje above the valley of Bosna river. Traces of ancient Neolithic farmers were found in several places, among others at locations Kulište in Kruskovo Polje, at Zdralovo brdo in village Kladari, at location Prljaca, then in villages Vranjak, Kuznjaca, Skugric, Dugo Polje, etc. At Dobor hill is important site with seven archaeological layers of the Iron Age.
Traces of old Slavic settlements can be found in several places in Modrica municipality. In the charter of Kotromanic from 1323 mentioned is parish Nenaviste with settlements Modrica and Jakes.
The events were developing around Dobor fortress which presage the end of the Bosnian national independence. Those were conflicts with Hungarians in 1393/94 and 1408th, and the cut of 170 Bosnian boyars on the ramparts of the fort. These areas then became cruel war frontier in a fit of the Turks, and they won Dobor and Modrica in the 1536th. After the defeat of the Turks at Vienna 1683rd, in the next two centuries this was the border area, and that means - the zone of conflicts, rebellions, devastation and economic stagnation. During Austrian-Hungarian rule, in 1897 Modrica has been included in list of such towns that Bosnia and Herzegovina had only 66.
In the second half of the 19th century economic and cultural - educational conditions are slowly improving. Memory was recorded that school existed, maybe even at the end of the 18th century, and in any case from the second half of the 19th century. Modrica was a nursery of schools in the rural area.
In both world wars, as in the last war, at the time of the dissolution of the former Yugoslavia, the region has suffered extensive damage to the tragic loss of life.
- Serbs - 13,457 (42.55%)
- Croats - 9,418 (29.78%)
- Bosniaks - 8,356 (26.42%)
- Yugoslavs - 180 (0.56%)
- оthers - 211 (0.69%)
According to the 1991 census, the Modriča municipality had a population of 35,413 people, including:
- 33,705 Serbs
- 441 Bosniaks
- 10 Croats
- 165 Yugoslavs
- 13 others
The Modriča oil refinery, currently owned by Russian investors, is located in Modriča.
- The local football club, FK Modriča, plays in the First League of the Republika Srpska.
- The local volleyball club is Modriča Optima.
Car racing club OPTIMA - MODRICA
Twin towns – Sister cities
Modriča is twinned with:
- Marta Savić, singer
- Kristian Kreković, painter
- Milan Jelić, President of Republika Srpska
- Nada Topčagić, singer
- Zdravko Kuzmanović, footballer
- "Bosnian Congres - census 1991 - North of Bosnia". Hdmagazine.com. Retrieved 2013-11-24.
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