Module:HtmlBuilder

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HtmlBuilder provides a way to construct complex HTML and CSS markup by creating a tree of nodes, similar to the Document Object Model. The result is a list of codes that are more comprehensible and maintainable than if you simply concatenated strings together. It offers a fluent interface that should look familiar to any user of jQuery.

Note: This module is deprecated in favour of mw.html.

Usage

First, you need to load the module:

local HtmlBuilder = require('Module:HtmlBuilder')

Next, create the root HtmlBuilder instance:

local builder = HtmlBuilder.create()

Then, you can build HTML using the methods of the HtmlBuilder instance, listed below.

Finally, get the resulting HTML markup as a string:

local s = tostring(builder)

Methods

To allow chaining, all methods return a reference to the builder, unless otherwise stated.

tag

local div = builder.tag('div') Appends a new child node to the builder, and returns an HtmlBuilder instance representing that new node.

done

builder = div.done() Returns the parent node under which the current node was created. Like jQuery.end, this is a convenience function to allow the construction of several child nodes to be chained together into a single statement.

allDone

builder = div.allDone() Like .done(), but traverses all the way to the root node of the tree and returns it.

wikitext

div.wikitext('This is some [[example]] text.') Appends some markup to the node. It may include plain text, wiki markup, and even HTML markup.

newline

div.newline() Appends a newline character to the node. Equivalent to .wikitext('\n').

attr

div.attr('title', 'Attr value') Set an HTML attribute on the node.

css

div.css('color', '#f00') Set a CSS property to be added to the node's style attribute.

cssText

div.cssText('color:#f00; font-size:1.5em') Add some raw CSS to the node's style attribute. This is typically used when a template allows some CSS to be passed in as a parameter, such as the liststyle parameter of {{Navbox}}.

addClass

div.addClass('even') Adds a class name to the node's class attribute. Spaces will be automatically added to delimit each added class name.

Examples

local HtmlBuilder = require('Module:HtmlBuilder')
 
local root = HtmlBuilder.create()
 
root
    .wikitext('Lorem ')
    .tag('span')
        .css('color', 'red')
        .attr('title', 'ipsum dolor')
        .wikitext('sit amet')
        .done()
    .tag('div')
        .wikitext('consectetur adipisicing')
 
local s = tostring(root)
-- s = 'Lorem <span style="color:red;" title="ipsum dolor">sit amet</span><div>consectetur adipisicing</div>'


For more examples, please see the test cases page and the test cases results.

-- Module for building complex HTML (e.g. infoboxes, navboxes) using a fluent interface.
 
local HtmlBuilder = {}
 
local metatable = {}
 
metatable.__index = function(t, key)
    local ret = rawget(t, key)
    if ret then
        return ret
    end
 
    ret = metatable[key]
    if type(ret) == 'function' then
        return function(...) 
            return ret(t, ...) 
        end 
    else
        return ret
    end
end
 
metatable.__tostring = function(t)
    local ret = {}
    t._build(ret)
    return table.concat(ret)
end
 
metatable._build = function(t, ret)
    if t.tagName then 
        table.insert(ret, '<' .. t.tagName)
        for i, attr in ipairs(t.attributes) do
            table.insert(ret, ' ' .. attr.name .. '="' .. attr.val .. '"') 
        end
        if #t.styles > 0 then
            table.insert(ret, ' style="')
            for i, prop in ipairs(t.styles) do
                if type(prop) == 'string' then -- added with cssText()
                    table.insert(ret, prop .. ';')
                else -- added with css()
                    table.insert(ret, prop.name .. ':' .. prop.val .. ';')
                end
            end
            table.insert(ret, '"')
        end
        if t.selfClosing then
            table.insert(ret, ' /')
        end
        table.insert(ret, '>') 
    end
    for i, node in ipairs(t.nodes) do
        if node then
            if type(node) == 'table' then
                node._build(ret)
            else
                table.insert(ret, tostring(node))
            end
        end
    end
    if t.tagName and not t.unclosed and not t.selfClosing then
        table.insert(ret, '</' .. t.tagName .. '>')
    end
end
 
metatable.node = function(t, builder)
    if builder then
        table.insert(t.nodes, builder)
    end
    return t
end
 
metatable.wikitext = function(t, ...) 
    local vals = {...}
    for i = 1, #vals do
        if vals[i] then
            table.insert(t.nodes, vals[i])
        end
    end
    return t
end
 
metatable.newline = function(t)
    table.insert(t.nodes, '\n')
    return t
end
 
metatable.tag = function(t, tagName, args)
    args = args or {}
    args.parent = t
    local builder = HtmlBuilder.create(tagName, args)
    table.insert(t.nodes, builder)
    return builder
end
 
local function getAttr(t, name)
    for i, attr in ipairs(t.attributes) do
        if attr.name == name then
            return attr
        end
    end
end
 
metatable.attr = function(t, name, val)
    if type(val) == 'string' or type(val) == 'number' then
        -- if caller sets the style attribute explicitly, then replace all styles previously added with css() and cssText()
        if name == 'style' then
            t.styles = {val}
            return t
        end
 
        local attr = getAttr(t, name)
        if attr then
            attr.val = val
        else
            table.insert(t.attributes, {name = name, val = val})
        end
    end
 
    return t
end
 
metatable.addClass = function(t, class)
    if class then
        local attr = getAttr(t, 'class')
        if attr then
            attr.val = attr.val .. ' ' .. class
        else
            t.attr('class', class)
        end
    end
 
    return t
end
 
metatable.css = function(t, name, val)
    if type(val) == 'string' or type(val) == 'number' then
        for i, prop in ipairs(t.styles) do
            if prop.name == name then
                prop.val = val
                return t
            end
        end
 
        table.insert(t.styles, {name = name, val = val})
    end
 
    return t
end
 
metatable.cssText = function(t, css)
    if css then
        table.insert(t.styles, css)
    end
    return t
end
 
metatable.done = function(t)
    return t.parent or t
end
 
metatable.allDone = function(t)
    while t.parent do
        t = t.parent
    end
    return t
end
 
function HtmlBuilder.create(tagName, args)
    args = args or {}
    local builder = {}
    setmetatable(builder, metatable)
    builder.nodes = {}
    builder.attributes = {}
    builder.styles = {}
    builder.tagName = tagName
    builder.parent = args.parent
    builder.unclosed = args.unclosed or false
    builder.selfClosing = args.selfClosing or false
    return builder
end
 
return HtmlBuilder