|Born||December 25, 1899
|Died||August 31, 1989|
Morris Barney Dalitz (December 25, 1899 – August 31, 1989), known as Moe Dalitz, was an American businessman and casino owner. He was one of the major figures who shaped Las Vegas, Nevada in the 20th century. He was often referred to as "Mr. Las Vegas."
Morris Barney Dalitz was born on December 25, 1899 in Boston, Massachusetts. He grew up in Michigan. He worked in his family's laundry business early on, but began his career in bootlegging when Prohibition began in 1919, and capitalized on his access to the laundry trucks in the family business. Additionally he developed a partnership with the Maceo syndicate which ran Galveston and supplied liquor from Canada and Mexico.
He was reported to have longstanding ties to organized crime figures, including Meyer Lansky and Benjamin (Bugsy) Siegel, from his bootlegging days in Detroit and Cleveland. Though he admitted under oath that he had been a bootlegger and had operated illegal gambling houses, Dalitz was never convicted of a crime.
With the repeal of Prohibition in 1933, Dalitz turned to gambling and operated illegal but protected casinos in Stubbenville, Ohio, and Covington, Ky. He enlisted in the Army in World War II and rose in rank from private to fist lieutenant.
His investments in Las Vegas began in the late 1940s with the Desert Inn. When the original builder of the resort, Wilbur Clark, ran out of money, Dalitz and the Cleveland Mayfield Road Gang bailed him out. The casino opened in 1950. Clark remained the public face and frontman of the resort; Dalitz quietly remained in the background as the real owner. He also ran the Stardust Resort & Casino for a time after the death of Tony Cornero. Dalitz owned the Desert Inn until 1967, when he sold it to businessman Howard Hughes. The last casino that Dalitz owned was the Sundance Hotel Casino, later renamed the Fitzgerald, and most recently, The D Las Vegas.
With Allard Roen, Irwin Molasky and Merv Adelson, he founded Paradise Development, a real estate development company in the 1950s. Together, they founded the Sunrise Hospital, The Boulevard Mall and the Las Vegas Country Club. Later, they co-founded the La Costa Resort and Spa in Carlsbad, California.
In a 1983 SUN interview, Dalitz said he considered construction of the Las Vegas Convention Center to be his greatest achievement. "Las Vegas used to be just a gambling town. Now we are a resort destination. The Convention Center complements our purpose," he said.
At 2:00AM PST on August 31, 1989, Moe Dalitz died. He had been seriously ill since 1986. Death was attributed to congestive heart failure, chronic hypertension and kidney failure. He also suffered from failing eyesight. Services were held September 5, 1989 at Congregation Ner Tamid.
- Balboni, Alan (1999). "Moe Dalitz: Controversial Founding Father of Modern Las Vegas". In Davies, Richard O. The Maverick Spirit: Building the New Nevada. Wilbur S. Shepperson series in history and humanities. University of Nevada Press. pp. 23–43. ISBN 0874173272. Retrieved April 26, 2014.
- Newton, Michael (2009). Mr. Mob: The Life and Crimes of Moe Dalitz. McFarland. pp. 40–41.
- Narvaez, Alfonso (September 1, 1989). "Reporter". New York Times. Retrieved 15 February 2015.
- Thompson, William Norman (2001). Author. Santa Barbra, CA: ABC-CLIO. pp. 83–85. ISBN 1-57607-159-6. Retrieved 15 February 2015.
- Hyman, Harold (September 1, 1989). "Reporter". Las Vegas Sun. Retrieved 15 February 2015.
- Koch, Ed; Manning, Mary (May 15, 2008). "Reporter". Las Vegas Sun. Retrieved 15 February 2015.
- Hyman, Herbert (September 1, 1989). "Las Vegas gaming pioneer ‘Moe’ Dalitz dies at 89". Las Vegas Sun. Retrieved April 26, 2014.
- Ed Koch, Desert Inn, Stardust chief helped integrate Las Vegas Strip, Las Vegas Sun, September 1, 2008
- Hyman, Howard (September 1, 1989). Las Vegas Sun http://www.lasvegassun.com/news/1989/sep/01/las-vegas-gaming-pioneer-moe-dalitz-dies-89/. Retrieved 15 February 2015. Missing or empty
- "Dalitz, Morris B. "Moe"". American National Biography. Oxford University Press. Subscription needed.
- Nevada Online Encyclopedia entry on Moe Dalitz
- Entry in "The First 100 Persons who shaped Southern Nevada"
- Dalitz in Vegas