Moeen U Ahmed

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General
Moeen U Ahmed
, ndc, psc
General Moeen.jpg
Native name মঈন উদ্দিন আহমেদ
Born (1953-01-21) 21 January 1953 (age 61)
Noakhali
Allegiance Bangladesh
Service/branch Bangladesh Army
Years of service 1975–2009
Rank General
Commands held GOC: -
19 Infantry division, Mymensingh
24 Infantry division, Chittagong
Chief of General Staff
Chief of Army Staff
Battles/wars Counter Insurgency Operation in Chittagong Hill Tracts, UN Peacekeeping Missions.
Relations Naznin Moeen (wife)
Nihat Ahmed and Sabrina Ahmed (children)

General Moeen Uddin Ahmed (Bengali:মঈন উদ্দিন আহমেদ) was Chief of Army Staff of the Bangladesh Army from 15 June 2005 to 15 June 2009. Previously, he worked as in diplomatic mission in Pakistan as a Defence Attaché, prior to that he served as a UN Peacekeeper in United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda.

General Moeen was the first to become the Army Chief from among the officers commissioned in independent Bangladesh and also the first established four-star general after liberation war. He served as the Chief of Army Staff during the 2006–08 Bangladeshi political crisis.

Military career[edit]

Moeen U Ahmed is a graduate of PAF Public School Sargodha in the erstwhile West Pakistan. He belonged to the 16th entry (831 – Fury House), which stayed there from 1965 to 1970.

General Moeen U Ahmed, ndc, psc, the former Chief of Army Staff of Bangladesh Army started his military career in January 1975. He was commissioned in the 2nd East Bengal Regiment, a battalion that was raised on 7 February 1949. His service profile started as Distinguished "Chief of Army Staff's Cane" holder of the pioneer Short Service Course-1 from Bangladesh Military Academy while Lt. General A T M Jahir was awarded "Sword of Honour".

He started his instructional career as Weapon Training Officer and then Platoon Commander in Bangladesh Military Academy. He then served as Brigade Major of an Infantry Brigade. He received NDC as army chief after becoming Lt. General, which course has been designed for colonel level officer.[1]

Besides, commanding two infantry battalions as Lieutenant Colonel, he also served in Army Headquarters, Military Operations Directorate. As a Colonel, he served as Colonel Staff of an Infantry Division. He has served in Defence Services Command and Staff College in three terms as Directing Staff in the rank of Lieutenant Colonel, Senior Instructor of Army Wing in the rank of Colonel and Chief Instructor in the rank of Brigadier.

Moeen became army chief, cancelling a senior general Rezzakul Haider PSC's appointment after the file was signed by Prime Minister and on way to President for approval using his batch mate in army Major Sayeed Eskandar (Retd.),[2] brother of Khaleda Zia. He also used then outgoing army chief Lt. Gen. Hasan Mashud Chowdhury in his favor. Besides, Moudud Ahmed, Barkatullah Bulu and some other Noakhali people worked for him to make army chief. Moeen entered army with corruption as his height was below. He used RAW in his favor and at the same time he bluffed ISI, saying that he was posted Defence Counsellor in Islamabad during Awami League period in 1996–2001. Under that rule of Sheikh Hasina, he was superseded by General Abdul Wadud. Sheikh Hasina was informed that Moeen U, Ahmed was made army chief by Khaleda Zia, superseding nine senior army officers.[3][4]

Maj. Gen. Aminul Karim played main role in favour of Gen. Moeen to take over and made plot to kill Adviser Mukhlesur Rahman Chowdhury on 26 February 2007 and 7 September 2007 while Maj. Gen. Amin gave life threat to Chowdhury on 15 September 2008 in London[5] they used intelligence agency and uniformed people for the purpose.[6]

Involvement in politics with uniform[edit]

Lt. Gen. Moeen was the key force behind the declaration of emergency in the country on 11 January 2007 widely known as 1/11 phenomenon.[7] He upgraded his rank from Lt. General to General during his illegal tenure when there was no regular government; the caretaker government is not mandated to work other than routine work and managing parliamentary elections. He also extended his tenure of army chief, which is fixed for a time period, for one year in same way.[8] He has been accused of playing a controversial role by helping the caretaker government of Bangladesh to retain power after constitution stipulated three months' duration. Although never publicly admitted, he has been identified as the main driving force behind the non-elected government but he has also been praised for arranging voter ID cards before 29 December 2008. He and the government has been accused domestically and globally to de-politicise the country. Hundreds of political figures, including two ex-prime ministers, ministers, lawmakers and local government heads, have been imprisoned by the regime accusing them of corruption.[9] Although some of these figures were notoriously corrupt, most of them do not have any specific allegation against them. The regime's anti-corruption drive has been widely praised and criticised around the globe. Reacting his political statement Sheikh Hasina said if you have ambition to do politics come without uniform.

However, he raised much controversy during the tenure. Some quarters also hold him responsible for degrading Army's fame and reputation among the general mass. He arguably also displayed non-soldier like attitude both during and after the tenure. Moeen U Ahmed trid to sell property in Bangladesh and gladly received US Green Card.[10][11][12] Presidential Adviser Mukhles Chowdhury alleged that the incident of 1/11 caused serious harm to the morale and professionalism of the army, which was used for serving personal interest.[13] Political parties observed 11 January as a black day[14]

Own brand democracy[edit]

Moeen assured Hussain Muhammad Ershad to make him the President and breached the agreement.[15] As he betrayed Ershad, Dr Kamal Hossain, B Chowdhury and Dr Muhammad Younus, he was also betrayed by Hasina. Moeen has some advisors like Matiur Rahman, Mahfuz Anam and A M M Bahauddin.[16] They helped Moeen in implementing 'Minus Two Formulae'[17] Moeen published a political book with uniform[18] and he gave formula of own brand democracy beyond his capacity and jurisdiction violating his service code and the constitution.[19] M Mukhlesur Rahman Chowdhury was against Moeen's plan to declare Martial Law[13] and he made it impossible by mobilising international support.[20] Moeen ousted de facto head of the state Mukhles Chowdhury from power and ruled the country for two years.[21] making the President a puppet.[22] Moeen wanted to be the President[23][24][25] Moreover, he sent Brigadier General Fazlul Bari to US State Department after coup of 11 January 2007 to take approval of Martial Law or allow him to be the President, which was written by Daily Manabzamin Chief Editor later. Moeen formed a political front 'Jago Bangladesh' when he was army chief. He was born in Chittagong District, but he hails from Noakhali.[26]

Family life[edit]

He is married to Naznin Moeen, and they have a son and a daughter; Nihat Ahmed and Sabrina Ahmed.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.ndc.gov.bd/images/stories/NDC%20Journal_09.pdf
  2. ^ "General Moeen Purge 1/11 Key Players in Power Struggle To Regain Supremacy". Countercurrents.org. 11 January 2007. Retrieved 2012-08-23. 
  3. ^ Assistant Secretaries of Secreataries. "Luxurious Cars were bought by looted money were used in BNP's road-march: Sheikh Hasina hit by looted money used in BNP's road-march: Sheikh Hasina". Albd.org. Retrieved 2012-08-23. 
  4. ^ http://www.ebangladesh.com/2008/06/09/general-moeen-purge-111-key-players-in-power-struggle-to-regain-supremacy/comment-page-1/
  5. ^ Bangladeshis demand trial of Gen (retd) Moeen U Ahmed – Page 11
  6. ^ Famous Bangladeshis | By Bangladesh Channel
  7. ^ [1][dead link]
  8. ^ "Phantom of the Opera | Julfikar Ali Manik". Outlookindia.com. Retrieved 2012-08-23. 
  9. ^ Social Post (19 October 2007). "Khaleda and Hasina to be free if corruption charges fails:Moeen". News.oneindia.in. Retrieved 2012-08-23. 
  10. ^ "দেশের পাট চুকাতে দেশে ফিরছেন জেনারেল মঈন!". Banglanews24.com. 31 July 2012. Retrieved 2012-08-23. 
  11. ^ [2][dead link]
  12. ^ [3][dead link]
  13. ^ a b "1/11 is a black scar on the history of the nation. It pushed the country 20 years back". Newsfrombangladesh.net. Retrieved 2012-08-23. 
  14. ^ BNP observes 'Black Day' 11 January 2010 bdnews24.com
  15. ^ "এরশাদের ভারতপ্রেম রাজনীতিতে নতুন ছক!". Banglanews24.com. Retrieved 2012-08-23. 
  16. ^ "Mr. Motiur Rahman, please explain yourself « In the Middle of Nowhere". Rumiahmed.wordpress.com. 16 June 2009. Retrieved 2012-08-23. 
  17. ^ "Minus-two formula". Frontline.in. 10 August 2007. Retrieved 2012-08-23. 
  18. ^ "Blog Archive » General Moin's Story—Some Comments". Untold Facts. Retrieved 2012-08-23. 
  19. ^ "Bangladesh needs own brand of democracy: Moeen | Politics". bdnews24.com. 20 February 2008. Retrieved 2012-08-23. 
  20. ^ "Famous Bangladeshis | By Bangladesh Channel". Bangladesh.com. Retrieved 2012-08-23. 
  21. ^ "Dhaka under unique martial law". Globalpolitician.com. Retrieved 2012-08-23. 
  22. ^ "Cable Viewer". Wikileaks.org. Retrieved 2012-08-23. 
  23. ^ "General Moeen wanted to become president". Theindependentbd.com. 18 September 2011. Retrieved 2012-08-23. 
  24. ^ "Moeen wanted to take over power". Retrieved 2012-08-23. 
  25. ^ http://www.dailyinqilab.com/september28/index.htm
  26. ^ "Yahoo! Groups". Groups.yahoo.com. Retrieved 2012-08-23. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Lieutenant General Hasan Mashhud Chowdhury
Chief of Army Staff of the Bangladesh Army
15 June 2005
Succeeded by
General Md Abdul Mubeen