|Moesgaard Museum (MOMU)|
The new Moesgaard Museum building opened in October 2014.
|Location||Moesgård Allé 15,
|Type||Cultural history museum, Archaeological museum|
|Director||Jan Skamby Madsen|
Moesgaard Museum (MOMU) is a Danish regional museum dedicated to archaeology and ethnography. It is situated in Højbjerg, a suburb of Aarhus, Denmark. Moesgård Museum is situated at an elevation of 60 meters.
Moesgaard Museum (MOMU) cooperates with the Institute of Prehistoric Archaeology, Medieval and Renaissance Archaeology, Ethnography and Anthropology at Aarhus University. The main part of the museum’s archaeological collection is of Danish origin, even though the museum possesses a rather large amount of archaeological material – known as The Ethnographical Collections – from Bahrain and other countries surrounding the Persian Gulf. The Ethnographical Collections contains almost 50.000 artefacts from all over the world. They are used both for research and exhibitions. Besides artefacts, The Ethnographical Collections contains photographic material, films and sound recordings. The museum’s exhibitions presents several unrivalled archaeological findings from Denmark’s ancient past, amongst others the Grauballe Man, the world’s best preserved bog body and the large ritual weapon caches from Illerup Ådal, testifying the power struggles and warfare of the Iron Age. The collection also contains seven local rune stones. Temporary exhibitions at the museum, also displays examples of the World’s most outstanding cultural heritage.
The historical landscape
As an open-air museum, the landscape surrounding Moesgård Museum, displays different epochs and eras of Denmark's past, from ancient to modern times. A larger part of the woodlands, represents different prehistoric climatic epochs of the Holocene and a number of reconstructed buildings are strewn across the landscape, stretching all the way to the beach and shores in the east. The buildings includes several relocated tumuli from the neolithic and the Bronze Age, houses from the early Iron Age and Viking Age and several Medieval buildings, some of which are still in use.
Stave-church and Viking houses
Just south of the new museum building, two houses and a stave-church from the Viking Period have been build. First is a house from the Viking Age town of Hedeby near Schleswig, Germany. It has been dated to the time around 870 AD and is interpreted as the home of a craftsman’s or trader’s family. The other house is a reconstruction of a pit-house Viking Age Aarhus, from about 900 AD. Pit-houses are small huts, dug half-way into the ground, which could be used as dwellings, workshops or storerooms.
On a small hill behind the houses a stave-church has been erected together with a bell frame. None of the original stave-churches have survived, but the floor and post-holes from a stave-church were excavated under the present Hørning Church near Randers in 1960. Compared to the stone churches it was quite a small building, 31 feet long and 15 feet wide. Also preserved from the stave-church in Hørning was a portion of the so-called hammer-beam, the horizontal beam just under the roof-projection, which held the vertical planks. The ”Hørning-plank” was found as early as 1887 during a restoration of the walling of the present church. It can be seen in the Danish National Museum. On the outside the hammer-beam from Hørning was ornamented with the writhing serpents characteristic – of the Late Viking Period. On the basis of the growth-rings in the timber, it has been dated to about the year 1060, to the transition from the Viking Age Period to the Middle Ages. At the excavation site in Hørning, traces of a bell frame were discovered. This has also been reconstructed just in front of the church entrance. The church bell has been cast at Moesgaard, following a 900-year-old description of bell casting. It is a replica of the almost 800-year-old bell from Smollerup church near Viborg.
Moeagård Manor and surroundings
The estate of Moesgaard covers 100 hectares of park, forest, open fields and shoreline, and extends from the museum buildings down to Aarhus Bay. The 4 km long Prehistoric Track runs through this area. A short walk from the museum an Iron Age house has been built. It is a reconstructed farmhouse from 200-300 AD, based on a settlement at Tofting near Husum, just south of the Danish border. This house-type was well known throughout northern Europe. The building is 16 m long and both humans and cattle lived under the same roof.
In the park at the manor you will find a house from Thailand. It is a donation to Moesgaard Museum, given by the government of Thailand in 1975. The house is around 100 years old and originally from Ayutthaya – the old capital of Siam, 200 km north of Bangkok. Back then the house was a part of a larger building complex.
In the forest of Moesgaard Skov, not far from Moesgård manor, it is possible to visit an old Medieval water mill. This water mill (Skovmøllen) is powered by the waters of Giber Å. The first reference to the mill is from 1590. All the buildings were rebuilt and an overshot mill-wheel installed in 1785. An extra storey was added to the mill house in 1852. Production ceased in 1910, but the mill is still in full working order. Tours are held throughout the year.
Near Moesgaard Beach, you will see a reconstruction of a Stone Age cult-building from the Funnel Beaker Period around 2500 AD. The original house was located near two dolmens and a passage grave at Tustrup in Northern Djursland. It is believed, that this building served religious ceremonies – perhaps as a resting place for the dead until the flesh had decayed and the bones could be moved into the surrounding graves. The original wooden building was burnt to the ground, and part of the roof sheeting of birch-bark with turf cover, had collapsed inwards with the burnt wall planking. 26 richly decorated offering vessels and pottery ladles representing the golden age of pottery in Danish prehistory, was found inside the collapsed building. The ceramics can be seen on display at Moesgaard Museum.
Famous exhibitions and artifacts
- The Grauballe Man, a bog body from Grauballe, Denmark.
- A reconstructed early Danish stave church.
- Various runestones, including the Mask stone.
- The Snaptun stone, often identified as a depiction of Loki.
- Copies of the Golden horns of Gallehus.
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