Moghol language

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Mogholi
Native to Afghanistan
Region near Herat
Extinct (date missing)[1]
Mongolic
  • Mogholi
Language codes
ISO 639-3 mhj
Glottolog mogh1245[2]

Moghol (or Mogholi) is a Mongolic language spoken in the region of Herat, Afghanistan, by a few members of the Hazara community.[3] Moghol speakers are Sunni Muslim.[4][5][6][7] In the 1970s, when the German scholar Michael Weiers did fieldwork on the language, few people spoke the language, most knew it passively and most were older than 40 years.

Sample[edit]

Weiers noted down the following poem by the Moghol poet Abd Al-Qadir.

Weiers' Moghol text:
Dotanamni dog baina
Hawoi ukini aimag baina
Nesoni ugunambi agar toni baiji
Mota giri qara qurgani baina.
Ekimni dard kina halmini geibe
Bemoor boljambi kam khormini geibe
Bemoor boljambi kam khormini khodai jaan
Ena bemoreztu parwoimini geibe.
English translation from Weiers' German:
Inside my heart there is a wound
The girl I search and long for is of the Aimag tribe
One sign I give you, if near her you happen to be
Know that in her ger (yurt) there is a black lamb
My head hurts, my condition is bad
I'm sick and do not care
I'm sick, but my concern is the love of God
This disease I give (therefore) no attention.

Another Moghol poem or song of Abd Al-Qadir written in Arabic alphabet (from Weiers):

Weiers' Moghol text:
Argun-i kulkah utalat Cingiz kulkah ulu’at
Nirah-ci-du kulkah gahat ya gaut al-a’zam gar bari
Karyas-du-ci kibah nudun lar-i dazam iz abatun
Mun abd qadir gai urun ya gaut al-a’zam gar bari
English translation from Weiers' German:
Lord of lords Arghun of old, Genghis king of kings
Under your name is all things old oh supreme mediator hold (my) hand
In your fence (camp) the eyes of suffering friends will rest
That same Abd Qadir rests peacefully oh supreme mediator hold (my) hand

Numerals[edit]

English Classical Mongolian Moghol
1 "One" "Nigen" "Nika"
2 "Two" "Qoyar" "Qyor"
3 "Three" "Ghurban" "Qurbun"
4 "Four" "Dorben" "Durbon"
5 "Five" "Tabun" "Tuwan"
6 "Six" "Jirghughan" "Jurghan", "Shish"
7 "Seven" "Dologhan" "Jolan", "Huft"
8 "Eight" "Naiman" "Hushtu"
9 "Nine" "Yisun" "No"
10 "Ten" "Arban" "Arbon", "Da"

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Mogholi at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Mogholi". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Raymond G. Gordon, Jr, ed. 2005. Ethnologue: Languages of the World. 15th edition. Dallas: Summer Institute of Linguistics.
  4. ^ https://www.ethnologue.com/country/af/languages/***EDITION***
  5. ^ https://www.ethnologue.com/language/mhj
  6. ^ http://www.afghan-network.net/Culture/languages.html
  7. ^ http://www.asiafront.com/news/698/language_of_speaking_in_afghanistan.html

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • G. Ramstedt. 1906. "Mogholica," JSFOu 23-4.
  • Louis Ligeti. 1954. "Le lexique moghol de R. Leech," AOH 4.
  • Л. Лигети. 1954. "О монгольских и тюркиских языках и диалектах Афганистана," AOH 4.
  • Sh. Iwamura and H. F. Schurmann. 1954. "Notes on Mongolian Groups in Afghanistan," Silver Jubilee Volume of the Zinbun-Kagaku-Kenkyusyo, Kyoto University. Kyoto University.
  • Shinobu Iwamura. 1961. The Zirni Manuscript: A Persian-Mongolian Glossary and Grammar. Kyoto University.
  • H. F. Schurmann. 1962. The Moghols of Afghanistan. Mouton & Co.
  • Michael Weiers. 1972. Die Sprache der Moghol der Provinz Herat in Afghanistan (Sprachmaterial, Grammatik, Wortliste). Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag.
  • Michael Weiers. 2003. "Moghol," The Mongolic Languages. Ed. Juha Janhunen. Routledge Language Family Series 5. London: Routledge. Pages 248-264.