Mogoșoaia Palace

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Mogoșoaia Palace
Palatul Mogoșoaia
RO IF Mogosoaia Palace Kitchen Watch Tower.jpg
General information
Architectural style Brâncovenesc style
Town or city Mogoșoaia
Country  Romania
Construction started 1698
Completed 1702

Mogoșoaia Palace (in Romanian: Palatul Mogoșoaia, pronounced [paˈlatul moɡoˈʃo̯aja]) is situated about 10 kilometres from Bucharest, Romania. It was built between 1698-1702 by Constantin Brâncoveanu in what is called the Romanian Renaissance style or Brâncovenesc style. The palace bears the name of the widow of the Romanian boyar Mogoș, who owned the land it was built on.

History[edit]

After 1714, when Constantin Brancoveanu was executed with his entire family in Constantinopole, all the family's wealth was confiscated by the Ottomans and the palace was converted into an inn. Rebought by Prince Stefan Cantacuzino, he returned it to Brâncoveanu's grandson Constantin, and remained with the family until the early nineteenth century.

The palace was devastated by the Ottomans during the Russo-Turkish War of 1768-1774. Granted by prince Grigore to his daughter, Zoe Mavrocordat who had married George D. Bibescu, sovereign Prince of Wallachia. The palace remained within Bibescu family and was renovated by Nicolae Bibescu.[1]

Palatul de la Mogoşoaia.JPG

In November 1916, the palace at Mogosoaia was bombed by the German air forces.[2] Bought from Marie-Nicole by her cousin (and head of the Princely house), Prince George Bibesco, the Palace was given to his wife, Princess Martha. He later deeded the land to her, too. Martha spent her private fortune for the reconstruction. In the late 1920s and the 1930s, the palace became the meeting place for politicians and for the international high society. When Prince George died in 1941, he was buried in the small, white 1688 church on the grounds of the Palace.[3]

During the second world war, Prince Antoine Bibesco (a cousin of George Bibesco) and his wife Elizabeth Bibesco refused to flee the country. When Elizabeth died of pneumonia on April 7, 1945 she was buried in the Bibesco family vault on the grounds of Mogoșoaia. Neither Elizabeth Bibesco's husband, Antoine, nor George Bibesco's wife, Martha, could be buried beside them, as they both died during the Communist regime.[4] After 1945, the palace was forcibly nationalized by the communist authorities, and the owners, Valentina și Dimitrie Ghika-Comănești, were arrested. Some of its precious art collections disappeared during this period. In 1957, it eventually became a museum.[5]

Brancovenesc architectural style

The Palace is now a popular tourist destination, but although the grounds and gardens are beautiful, the interior of the palace itself is under reconstruction and presently houses a museum and art gallery. (Muzeul de Artă Brâncovenească)

In 2008, the Romanian gothic rock band Inopia produced a video of their song "Epitaph", filmed entirely at Mogosoaia. The long medievalist composition is based on Elizabeth Bibesco's epitaph. In 2010 the Balkan Go Championship took place at Mogoșoaia, being broadcast by EuroGoTV to hundreds of fans watching the stream and following the games on the KGS Go Server.

Gallery[edit]

External links[edit]

  • Mogoșoaia Palace Artifacts: Gallery

References[edit]

  1. ^ Istoria de foc şi sânge a Palatului de la Mogoşoaia ziarullumina.ro. Retrieved on 15 December 2014
  2. ^ Centrul Cultural Palatele Brâncovenești” Retrieved on 15 December 2014
  3. ^ Sutherland, Christine, Enchantress, Farrar, Straus & Giroux, New York, 1996
  4. ^ Bibesco, Marthe, In Memoriam, Unpublished article circa 1945, University of Texas
  5. ^ Radu Popa, Mogosoaia palatul si Muzeul de Arta Brîncoveneasca, Editura. Meridiane, Bucuresti, 2012

Coordinates: 44°31′39.65″N 25°59′33.77″E / 44.5276806°N 25.9927139°E / 44.5276806; 25.9927139