Mogocha

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Mogocha (English)
Могоча (Russian)
-  Town  -
Mogocha.jpg
View of Mogocha
Map of Russia - Zabaykalsky Krai (2008-03).svg
Location of Zabaykalsky Krai in Russia
Mogocha is located in Zabaykalsky Krai
Mogocha
Mogocha
Location of Mogocha in Zabaykalsky Krai
Coordinates: 53°44′N 119°46′E / 53.733°N 119.767°E / 53.733; 119.767Coordinates: 53°44′N 119°46′E / 53.733°N 119.767°E / 53.733; 119.767
Administrative status
Country Russia
Federal subject Zabaykalsky Krai
Administrative district Mogochinsky District[citation needed]
Administrative center of Mogochinsky District[citation needed]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 13,258 inhabitants[1]
Time zone YAKT (UTC+10:00)[2]
Founded 1910[citation needed]
Town status since 1950[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[3] 673730–673732
Dialing code(s) +7 30241[citation needed]
Mogocha on WikiCommons
Winter train stop in Mogocha

Mogocha (Russian: Могоча; IPA: [mɐˈgotɕə]) is a town and the administrative center of Mogochinsky District of Zabaykalsky Krai, Russia, located at the confluence of the Mogocha and Amazar Rivers 709 kilometers (441 mi) northeast of Chita. Population: 13,258 (2010 Census);[1] 13,282 (2002 Census);[4] 17,847 (1989 Census).[5]

Etymology[edit]

The name "Mogocha" is derived from the river on which it stands, whose name comes from the Evenk word "Mongochi". This meaning of the word is ambiguous; it can be translated as "golden valley", but also as belonging to the Mongo tribe.

History[edit]

It was founded in 1910, with the construction of the local section of the Trans-Siberian Railway.[citation needed] Rail traffic began in 1914. In addition to its status as a supply point for the railway, from the 1920s and 1930s it became the base for gold mining in the surrounding area. Town status was granted to it in 1950.[citation needed]

From 1947 until 1953, Mogocha was site for the Klyuchevlag prison labor camp of the gulag system. The camp held up to 3,000 prisoners at any one time, mainly used as forced labor for molybdenum and gold mining in the villages to the southwest of the town.

During the deterioration of Sino-Soviet relations in the 1950s, a large airbase was created near Mogocha, which hosted several helicopter regiments until the 1990s. The remoteness of Mogocha combined with the harsh climatic conditions, gave rise to the Soviet military slang expression God created Sochi, and Satan Mogocha.

After the dissolution of the Soviet Union and subsequent economic crisis, Mogocha lost around one third of its population, a common occurrence for cities in the Russian Far East. At the same time, a significant number of Chinese citizens and companies have moved to the region.

Economy[edit]

Other than railway-related industries, there is logging and timber milling conducted in the surrounding area.

Transportation[edit]

Mogocha possesses a station on the Trans-Siberian railway. Its small airport, which had opened in 1937, was closed during the 1990s.

Climate[edit]

Mogocha has a subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification Dwc).

Climate data for Mogocha
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) −3.2
(26.2)
6.3
(43.3)
14.3
(57.7)
23.1
(73.6)
31.9
(89.4)
35.4
(95.7)
39.0
(102.2)
33.9
(93)
30.0
(86)
22.2
(72)
9.5
(49.1)
2.0
(35.6)
39
(102.2)
Average high °C (°F) −20.6
(−5.1)
−12.8
(9)
−4.2
(24.4)
5.5
(41.9)
14.8
(58.6)
22.0
(71.6)
24.4
(75.9)
21.6
(70.9)
14.6
(58.3)
4.5
(40.1)
−10.5
(13.1)
−20.6
(−5.1)
3.22
(37.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) −29.2
(−20.6)
−23.9
(−11)
−14.2
(6.4)
−1.9
(28.6)
7.2
(45)
14.2
(57.6)
17.1
(62.8)
14.1
(57.4)
6.7
(44.1)
−3.9
(25)
−18.8
(−1.8)
−28.1
(−18.6)
−5.06
(22.91)
Average low °C (°F) −35.6
(−32.1)
−32.6
(−26.7)
−23.6
(−10.5)
−9.6
(14.7)
−1.1
(30)
5.8
(42.4)
9.6
(49.3)
7.2
(45)
−0.1
(31.8)
−10.5
(13.1)
−25.2
(−13.4)
−33.8
(−28.8)
−12.46
(9.57)
Record low °C (°F) −53
(−63)
−51.5
(−60.7)
−44.2
(−47.6)
−33.9
(−29)
−17.2
(1)
−7.2
(19)
−3.1
(26.4)
−5.1
(22.8)
−15
(5)
−32.2
(−26)
−43.9
(−47)
−51.7
(−61.1)
−53
(−63)
Precipitation mm (inches) 3.7
(0.146)
3.9
(0.154)
5.8
(0.228)
17.8
(0.701)
31.6
(1.244)
71.7
(2.823)
110.8
(4.362)
98.9
(3.894)
47.0
(1.85)
15.0
(0.591)
9.3
(0.366)
5.7
(0.224)
421.2
(16.583)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 133.3 175.0 232.5 232.5 246.5 246.0 232.5 213.9 180.0 170.5 136.5 113.2 2,312.4
Source: climatebase.ru (1948-2011)[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  2. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  3. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  4. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  5. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Mogocha, Russia". Climatebase.ru. Retrieved January 24, 2013. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Дворниченко Н. Е., Земля за Байкалом Иркутск, 1970.